English is the official language around the globe and it’s almost certain that you are required to take an English language exam if you are not a native English speaker and intend to study abroad in an English-speaking University, migrate to an English-speaking country or work at a multinational company. Different universities required different test scores and often, for example, the English proficiency requirement is higher for medicine or law degree programs.
Most english proficiency tests are broken into four important parts of linguistics which are speaking, writing, reading and listening. The two most widely accepted English language tests are the International English Language Test System (IELTS) and the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). They are widely accepted around the world, including institutions, state agencies, professional and industrial organisations, but the two tests are different in terms of approach, structure and educational criteria.
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The International English Language Testing System, or more commonly known as, IELTS, was founded in 1989 as a means of providing international standardized testing of the proficiency of the English language. It is managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge Assessment English. IELTS is now accepted by over 3000 institutions worldwide.
The Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized test, first administered in 1964, to measure language proficiency in the English language. In 2005, the earlier format of Computer-based tests and paper-based tests were largely replaced by Internet-based tests however some places still prefer paper-based testing.
Although IELTS and TOEFL are quite similar in their structure and mechanics, there are quite a few differences:
|Acceptedby||Australia, UK, US and over by 10, 000 institutions across 140 countries.||Australia, UK, US and over 8, 500 institutions across 130 countries.|
|Structure||Reading, writing, listening and speaking|
|Mode of Exam||Paper-based and in person for Speaking test||100% computer-based|
|Type of Questions||mixture of short-answer, fill in the blank and short essay questions.||mainly multiple choice|
|Duration||Under 3 hours||4 hours|
|Use for||University enrollment, migration||University enrollment, migration|
You can take the IELTS or TOEFL test at the British Council or authorized education consultancies in your country. The IELTS costs about AUD $270 whereas TOEFL costs about AUD $250. The examination fee varies in different countries.
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An international student from Taylor's University, Manahil Ijaz is a freelance writer from the field of PR and Marketing who indulges in different forms of art including writing, painting and designing. Manahil has a great passion for psychology, English literature and travelling.