Computer Science vs Information Technology: What’s Their Difference and Which One Should You Choose?

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We are now entering the era of the industrial revolution 4.0 (also known as industrial 4.0) which can rapidly change the way we communicate, work, interact. It basically gives a huge impact on the way we live. To give a brief description, Forbes stated that industrial 4.0 is the enhancement of industrial 3.0 that is more focused on smart and autonomous system such as cloud, big analytics data, machine learning, and internet of things (IoT).

As a student, we can begin our first step in facing Industrial 4.0 with studying fields that are closely related to it. Some of the options are Computer Science and Information Technology.

But, the one common question now is: which one should you choose?

Both Computer Science and IT deals with computers and a student studying in either one of the fields will learn a little about both regardless of which field they chose. It all depends on what area that suits the student’s interest the most.

Computer Science (CS)

If you’re interested in the combination of maths and algorithms, then Computer Science is the perfect field for you! This field allows students to understand the “why” and “how” behind computer programs. It helps the students to know the computer theory and master the mathematical algorithm which are necessary to write code. Furthermore, it allows them to create, develop, and design a more efficient computer program. 

Computer Science uses various programming languages to communicate with computers, such as Java, Python, C++, etc. However, each programming language has its own strengths and weaknesses in solving different problems. A computer scientists have to know how to utilize the languages that they are familiar with, effectively and efficiently. You are not expected to understand all kinds of programming language fully, since it really depends on the University that offers the course

Career Options

  • Computer programmer
  • Software Developer
  • Computer System Analyst
  • Software Engineer
  • Web Developer
  • Hardware Engineer
  • Database Administrator
  • Computer Network Architect

Information Technology (IT)

Data, Information, and Computing.

If those words excite you, then IT is your answer! In contrast to Computer Science, this field uses more of the computer systems and network to process and distribute data. IT students will learn how to protect and organize their data in the most efficient and accessible way for everyone. 

As the name of the course is, IT is related closely to utilizing new technology. IT professionals are “technology implementer and practitioners”. Generally, they must be familiar with the usage of operating systems and server software, such as Linux, MySQL, Oracle, and Microsoft SQL Server

Career Options

  • Information Technology Analyst
  • Web Developer
  • Data Scientist
  • IT Manager
  • Cloud Computing Manager/Engineer
  • Information Security Manager
  • Mobile Apps Developer
  • Network Architect

General Qualifications for Both CS and IT

In order to enter into CS or IT courses, you will generally need:



Diploma in Information Technology*

  • SPM/O-Level: Minimum CCC including Mathematics
  • UEC: Minimum BBB including Mathematics

Degree in Information Technology/Computer Science*

  • A-Level: Minimum of 2Es
  • STPM: Minimum of 2Cs
  • Australian Matriculation: Minimum of ATAR 60Foundation in Science or IT/Computing: Minimum CGPA of 2.00; or
  • Diploma: Minimum CGPA of 2.50

*requirements may vary among universities.

5 Recommended Universities in Malaysia to study IT and/or CS

1. Asia Pacific University (APU)

General Intakes: February, April, September.

          -Bachelor in Information Technology (Hons)
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)

Indicative fee for 3 years (2020):
          -Bachelor in Information Technology (Hons)
            Local: RM 85,800
RM 86,400
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)
            Local: RM 85,800
            International: RM 86,400

2. Taylor's University

General Intakes: March, August.

          -Bachelor in Information Technology (Hons)(Internet Technologies)
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)(Software Engineering)

Indicative fee for 3 years (2020):
          -Bachelor in Information Technology (Hons)
            Local: RM 119,800
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)
            Local: RM 121,753

3. INTI University

General Intakes: January, May, August.

          -Bachelor in Information Technology (Hons)
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)

Indicative fee for 3 years (2020):
          -Bachelor in Information Technology (Hons)
            Local: RM 63,560
RM 73,052
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)
            Local: RM 68,376
            International: RM 73,780

4. Monash University Malaysia

General Intakes: February, July, October.

          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)

Indicative fee (2020):
          -Bachelor in Computer Science (Hons)
            Local: RM 40,820/year
            International: RM 46,640/year

5. University of Nottingham Malaysia

General Intakes: September.

          -Bachelor of Computer Science(Hons)
           -Bachelor of Computer Science with Artificial Intelligence
           -Bachelor of Software Engineering

Indicative fee (2020):
            Local: RM 39,500/year
RM 46,00/year       

In case you’re still confused about what’s the main difference between CS and IT, let us give you a recap:

  • Computer Science (CS) focuses on the combinations of mathematical and theoretical foundations of computing 
  • Information Technology (IT) focuses on the approach and the application of data and computing technology (in organizations)

Contact us to find out more

International Student enquiries:

Phone: +60182414802


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About Post Author

Amanda Kaffah
I am a part-time content writer, a part-time Computer Science student, and a full-time dreamer. Likes to munch some food while doing some work or watching Netflix.

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