Software Developer vs Software Engineer: Breaking Down Job Roles and Responsibilities

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The Rise Of The Software Development Industry

What are Software Developers?

Software developers are professionals who design, develop, and maintain software applications. They use programming languages and various software development tools to create software that meets the specific needs of businesses or individuals.

Software developers work on all stages of the software development process, from the initial planning and design phase to the testing and debugging of software. They also work to improve existing software and fix any issues or bugs that arise.

There are various types of software developers, including front-end developers who work on the user interface of the software, back-end developers who work on the server-side code, full-stack developers who work on both the front-end and back-end, mobile app developers who create applications for mobile devices, and many more.

What are Software Engineers?

Software engineers are professionals who apply engineering principles to the design, development, and maintenance of software. They use mathematical, scientific, and engineering principles to develop software that meets specific requirements and is efficient, reliable, and secure. Software engineers typically have a deep understanding of computer science, software development methodologies, and programming languages. They work closely with other professionals, such as software developers, project managers, and quality assurance teams, to develop high-quality software products.

Software engineers are responsible for analysing user needs and requirements, developing software designs, writing and testing code, debugging software, and documenting software development processes. They also monitor software performance and recommend improvements and updates as necessary.

Overall, software engineers play a crucial role in developing and maintaining software applications that are essential to businesses and individuals across various industries.

Software Developer Roles and Responsibilities

  1. Problem-solving

You can test your problem-solving skills and make significant improvements as you may be expected to work on complex strategic solutions. 

  1. Creative coding

You can get extremely creative with code. Being a software developer requires a lot of creativity to find solutions to software problems and issues. To fix it, you will be required to put yourself in the user’s shoes and devise an innovative and creative way to tackle the problem once and for all. 

  1. Project based

The work structure of a software developer is project-based. Every new project brings in a new set of challenges and allows you to learn about new technologies and different systems and explore various parts of the business. Project-based work also provides proper structure, as you might have a timeframe to complete a project before you move on to the next exciting project.

  1. Learn new programming languages

Each day we see a rise in new technologies, and, as a Software Developer, this calls for learning new programming languages and technologies and adapting to the continually changing environment. This is an amazing way of learning about new technologies and updating your knowledge. 

  1. Collaborate with teams

You get a chance to collaborate with teams. Contrary to popular belief, software developers don’t just spend their day in a room working alone without the need for human interaction. As a software developer, you need to have strong communication and interpersonal skills in addition to technical skills. A lot of time is spent on collaborating with teams and sharing knowledge and ideas to come up with better solutions.

Software Engineer Job Scope

  1. Developing and executing project plans

Involves creating a roadmap that outlines the steps needed to achieve project goals while taking into account the project timeline, budget, resources, and potential risks.

  1. Testing new software and fixing bugs

Involves working closely with other members of the development team to ensure that the software meets the required specifications and quality standards. Additionally, you will need to maintain documentation of any bugs that are found and work with the team to develop and implement effective solutions.

  1. Monitoring system performance

Involves analysing system metrics, identifying potential issues, and implementing solutions to improve performance.

  1. Overseeing the development of documentation

This may include user manuals, technical specifications, system architecture diagrams, and other related materials. You would ensure that documentation is accurate, up-to-date, and easy to understand for both technical and non-technical users.

  1. Analyse the needs of the user

This involves gathering requirements from the user, understanding their needs, and translating them into technical specifications for the development team. This process helps to ensure that the software being developed meets the needs of the user and is user-friendly

Are You Eligible To Study Computer Science?

Academic Entry

Academic Entry

Minimum Score


CGPA 2.00


CGPA 2.50







Australian Matriculation (ATAR)


IB Diploma 

24 points

English Language Entry Requirements

Entry Level

Minimum Score




Band 3.5

Pearson Test of English (PTE)


Note: Different universities might require different entry requirements. Contact us to learn more!

Top Universities in Malaysia to Study Computer Science

Since you are interested in Computer Science programme, here are the list of top universities to study Computer Science in Malaysia that you can consider:

1. Asia Pacific University (APU)

The Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation (APU), sometimes known simply as APU, is widely regarded as one of the most prestigious private institutions in all of Malaysia. Its campus is located in Bukit Jalil. It is a place where an innovative and effective combination of technology, creativity, and innovation is utilised with the goal of effectively preparing graduates for significant roles in global business and society. Specifically, it is a place that focuses on preparing graduates for roles in which they will be required to innovate. 

APU is the first university in Malaysia to get a rating of Five Stars Plus in the most recent round of the QS Stars Rating awards, making it the most highly regarded educational institution in the country. A total of just 19 educational institutions around the globe have been bestowed with this accolade; APU is one of them.


Bachelor of Computer Science (Hons)


3 Years


July, September

Indicative Fees (2023)

Local students: RM 92,500

International students: RM 93,500

For more information on the table presented above, contact us now!

2. Taylor’s University

Taylor’s University is a private institution of higher education in Malaysia that can be found in the city of Subang Jaya, which is found within the state of Selangor. It has been routinely recognised as the top private institution in Malaysia by the QS World University Rankings. This accolade comes as no surprise. The Lakeside Campus of Taylor’s University was constructed in 2010 in order to accommodate the increasing number of students enrolled at the university. 

Since its inception in 1969, Taylor’s has consistently provided excellent services for its students in the form of a diverse array of study options, an industry-relevant curriculum, and teaching methods, ongoing partnerships with leading universities all over the world, strong industry linkages, up-to-date facilities, and well-equipped campuses.

Program Offered

Bachelor Of Computer Science (Hons)


3 Years


January, March, September

Indicative Fees (2023)

Local students: RM 106,646

International students: USD 30,921

For more information on the table presented above, contact us now!

3. INTI International University

INTI International University Nilai is a private university located in Nilai, Malaysia. The university offers a Bachelor of Computer Science (Hons) degree that provides students with a comprehensive education in computer science.

The programme covers a wide range of topics, including programming, algorithms and data structures, database systems, software engineering, computer networks, and cybersecurity. Students have access to modern facilities, including computer labs and specialised software, and are encouraged to participate in research projects and internships to gain practical experience in the field. Additionally, the programme incorporates industry-relevant certifications, such as Microsoft Technology Associate and Oracle Certified Associate, to further enhance students’ employability and industry readiness.

Graduates of the Bachelor of Computer Science (Hons) programme at INTI International University Nilai are well-prepared for careers in the technology industry, including software development, network administration, database management, and more. They also have the option to pursue advanced studies in computer science or related fields. 

Program Offered

Bachelor of Computer Science (Hons)


3 Years


January, May, August

Indicative Fees (2023)

Local students: RM 75,040

International students: RM 75,040

For more information on the table presented above, contact us now!

4. Heriot-Watt University Malaysia

Heriot-Watt University Malaysia is a Malaysian campus that belongs to the prestigious Heriot-Watt University located in the UK, which is known for its research excellence. The campus offers a challenging Bachelor of Science (Hons) programme in Computer Science, which provides students with a comprehensive and rigorous education in computer science.

The programme covers an extensive range of topics, including programming, software engineering, computer networks, cybersecurity, algorithms and data structures, and artificial intelligence. The curriculum aims to provide students with a solid grounding in both the practical and theoretical aspects of computer science. Additionally, the programme encourages students to participate in research projects and internships to acquire practical experience and access to state-of-the-art facilities, such as computer labs and specialised software. Students are also trained in critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which are essential in excelling in the computer science industry.

Program Offered

BSc (Hons) Computing Science


3 Years


January, September

Indicative Fees (2023)

Local students: RM119,880

International students: RM139,560

For more information on the table presented above, contact us now!

5. University of Nottingham Malaysia

The University of Nottingham Malaysia is a branch campus of the prestigious University of Nottingham in the UK. The Malaysia campus offers a Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Computer Science degree programme that provides students with a comprehensive education in computer science.

The University of Nottingham Malaysia’s BSc (Hons) Computer Science degree looks in detail at how computers and computer systems work. Computer science is the study of algorithmic processes, computational machines and computation, by building on that knowledge students learn to create computer systems and/or programmes and how to manipulate them. The course teaches how computers store and process information along with how humans and computers interact with each other. Skills learned will include computational thinking, programming and communication skills.

Program Offered

Computer Science BSc (Hons)


3 Years



Indicative Fees (2023)

Local students: RM126,000

International students: RM147,000

For more information on the table presented above, contact us now!

For more information regarding the university, programmes offered, entry requirements and fees, contact Excel Education.

Recommended Articles to Read

Top Private Universities to Study Computer Science in Malaysia 2022

Top Private Universities To Study Computer Science And Information Technology in Malaysia 2022

Computer Science vs Information Technology: What’s Their Difference and Which One Should You Choose?

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About The Author

Qasyrina Zahirah

One day at a time 🙂

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