Undergraduate degree

Everything You Need to Know About Studying Aviation in Australia

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What is Aviation?

At one point or another, you must’ve wondered what it would feel like to have a career that requires you to fly high in the skies. In layman’s terms, Aviation is the study of the science behind designing and flying aircraft.

10 Different Fields of Aviation

Despite common misconceptions, a career in Aviation does not necessarily mean you will become a pilot. Here are all 10 different fields of Aviation you could potentially dive into explained : 

#1. Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering deals with all aspects of designing and building machines that operate in the air. These engineers also work to test different prototypes to make sure that they function accordingly. Aerospace engineers design individual components for the aircraft such as the engineers, airframes, wings, landing gear, control systems and instruments. They also test the strength, reliability and durability of these components or as a whole aircraft. 

#2. Air Traffic Control

Air traffic control is a service provided in ensuring the safety of aircraft, pilots, flight attendants and passengers. Air traffic controllers are usually ground-based and communicate with pilots throughout the entire flight, providing information back and forth between incoming and outgoing flights to ensure the safe flow of all flights in the sky and avoiding any sort of collision.

#3. Aircraft Maintenance

Aircraft maintenance is the task required in maintaining the quality of the aircraft which includes ensuring the airworthiness of the aircraft by overhauling, inspection, replacement, defect rectification and the embodiments of modifications. Regular maintenance of the aircraft will extend the aircraft life to ensure that the aircraft will perform safely for an extended period of time. 

#4. Aviation Management

Aviation management is the operation of airlines, airports, aircraft manufacturers and any business related to the aerospace industry. Activities such as planning, designing, operating and maintaining aircraft and airports will be conducted. You will be provided with a deep understanding of both the land-side and air-side daily operations of running an aviation business.

#5. Aviation Safety

Aviation safety refers to the tasks of ensuring aeroplanes are free from any form of injury or loss. This industry is in direct support of the operation of aircraft, which are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level. Careers in aviation safety include aviation safety inspectors and aviation safety technicians.

#6. Cabin Crew

Cabin crew are responsible for the comfort, safety and welfare of passengers travelling on aircraft during short-haul and long-haul flights. Their roles and responsibilities include the participation in preflight briefings with pilots, conduction of preflight inspections of emergency equipment, demonstrating the use of safety and emergency equipment, ensuring passengers have met safety requirements; serving and selling food and drink; attending to passengers’ needs; reassuring passengers during the flight; administering and coordinating emergency medical care as necessary; and providing directions to passengers, including evacuation orders. 

#7. Civil & Military Aviation

Civil aviation includes all non-military aviation, including private and commercial flying. Passenger, cargo, private and commercial flights fall under civil aviation. However, military aviation is the complete opposition and referees to the use of military aircraft and other flying machines to conduct aerial warfare.

#8. Pilot Training

Pilots fly and navigate aeroplanes, helicopters and other aircraft. Besides the typical becoming an aircraft pilot, you can also consider becoming a helicopter pilot. With this, you can work and be employed by a variety of employers such as the government, tourism companies, offshore support or even under emergency medical services. 

#9. Flight Instruction

Flight instructors for aviation resemble teachers for schools. Flight instructors teach aspiring pilots how to fly using a combination of classroom simulators, and live flight instructions. These real-life simulations aid students in gaining the skills and knowledge needed with the feeling of flying a real plane without actually flying a real plane. 

#10. Aviation Transport

Aviation transportation is otherwise known as aviation logistics, this field is an incredibly crucial part of the global economy. They facilitate integration into the global economy and provide vital connectivity. It helps to generate trade, promotes tourism and creates employment opportunities.

Before considering picking a specific niche field to study, it is important for you to look into the academic and professional requirements needed in order to pursue the career after taking your degree.

General Entry Requirements to Study Aviation in Australia

English Requirement 

Qualification 

Scores

IELTS

Min 6.0

TOEFL (IBT)

Min. 70

Pearson Test of English (PTE)

Min. 52

*Do note that different universities have different English requirements.

For further information, contact us

Academic Requirement

Qualification                                                                                                                                           

Scores       

Year 12 Equivalent (A-Levels, Matriculation, AUSMAT, UEC & IB)

Contact Excel Education 

Top 5 Universities to Study Aviation in Australia

#1. University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Photo Credit: University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Program Offered                                                

Bachelor of Aviation (Flying)             

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Introduction to Aircraft Engineering 
  2. Energy and Environmental Physics 
  3. Commercial Aerodynamics 
  4. Aviation Safety and Resource Management 
  5. Simulation Application and Air Traffic Management 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$47,760

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation (Management)

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Microeconomics
  2. Airport Management 
  3. Sustainable Aviation and Tourism 
  4. Airline Marketing Strategies 
  5. Aviation Law and Regulations

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January, April and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$47,760

#2. Griffith University

Photo Credit: Griffith University

Program Offered                                     

Bachelor of Aviation 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Aviation Law 
  2. Safety Management 
  3. Contemporary Aviation Management 
  4. Economics in Aviation 
  5. Safety Management

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and April

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$34,000

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation Management 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Business Decision Making 
  2. Aviation Research Methods 
  3. Economics in AViation 
  4. Light Aircraft Systems 
  5. Flight Procedures 

Program Duration 

2-3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and April

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$34,000

#3. Edith Cowan University

Photo Credit: Edith Cowan University

 

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Fundamentals of Flight 
  2. Human Factors in Aviation 
  3. Aircraft Performance 
  4. Advanced Aerodynamics 
  5. Principle of Industrial Maintenance 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and April

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$32,000

#4. University of South Australia (UniSA)

Photo Credit: University of South Australia

Program Offered                              

Bachelor of Aviation (Pilot)

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Aviation Physics
  2. Aviation Practice 
  3. Introduction to Aviation Management 
  4. Airline Transport Pilot Theory 
  5. Commercial Pilot Theory

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

February and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$35,900

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation (Management) 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Airport Management 
  2. Aviation Law 
  3. Principles of Economics 
  4. Human Factors 
  5. Airline Operations Management 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

February and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$35,900

#5. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University (RMIT)

Photo Credit: RMIT University

 

Program Offered                                        

Bachelor of Applied Science (Aviation)

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Aviation Mathematics 
  2. Human Factors in Aviation 
  3. Sustainable Aviation and the Environment 
  4. Airport Design 
  5. Aircraft Airworthiness 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

February and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$39,360

Recommended Articles to Read

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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About the Author

Raveena Rakni Suresh Raj 
Leo baby & a psych major
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Mechanical or Mechatronic? Which Degree to Study?

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Are you the kind of person who’s constantly curious about how things work, from smart machines to air crafts that float 30,000ft above the ground? Have you ever wanted to invent devices or equipment that could serve great benefits to society? Yes? Then a degree in Mechanical or Mechatronics engineering is perfect as your starting point. 

This article will help students to distinguish between Mechanical and Mechatronics engineering to decide on which course suits their preference for their future careers. 

What is Mechanical Engineering

Video credit: Zach Star

Mechanical engineering is one of the most diverse engineering disciplines that study the principles of motion, energy and force to design and develop mechanical systems which fulfil the demands of society, such as vehicle engines, refrigerators, air conditioning systems and elevators.

They introduce innovative technologies in food production, develop 3D printers and even wireless chargers. They also create solutions in technological aspects of health care, transportation, energy and space crafts. 

Career Opportunity in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineer

Design, develop, construct, and testing mechanical and thermal sensors and appliances.

Automotive Engineer

Responsible for vehicle design, development, manufacture and testing.

CAD Technician

Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Technicians create electronic design plans for buildings and machinery using computer software.

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineer (HVAC)

HVAC engineers improve the available technologies in heating, ventilation, air conditioning or refrigeration systems. 

What is Mechatronics Engineering?

Video credit: Richard Engineer

Mechatronics Engineering covers both electrical and mechanical devices and can include the use of computer, Artificial Intelligence (AI), power, electronics and telecommunications systems. 

Examples of devices developed for mechatronics technologies include robotic systems, anti-lock braking systems for vehicles and prosthetic limbs. While these products are mechanical, computers and electrical control systems are required to operate.

Career Opportunities in Mechatronics Engineering

Robotic Engineer

Responsible in design and test machine prototype and conduct research in creating safe and cost-efficient manufacture of the robotic system

Automation Engineer 

Work with other teams in the automation industry to identify problems and implement automated solutions for software processes to be implemented in vehicles.

Instrumentation Engineer

Responsible for planning, implementing and maintaining control systems and machines in the manufacturing industry. 

Control System Engineer

Design, develop and implement solutions that stabilize dynamic systems such as anti-lock braking systems in cars. 

Differences between Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering

In simpler terms, mechanical engineering combines the fundamentals of other engineering disciplines such as chemical, civil and electrical engineering in designing and developing safe, efficient and reliable devices or systems. A mechanical engineer knows better than a mechatronics engineer in the mechanical aspect of machines or devices. 

Mechatronics engineering focuses on computing and electronics in developing innovative technologies or modifying existing ones. Students who enrol in this course will learn about robots, smart systems and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Entry Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

STPM

Minimum CGPA of 3.30 or grade of 3Bs and above

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

A minimum grade of 5Bs 

ATAR

A minimum score of 80 points or above

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 30 or above

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

IELTS

6.5 Overall and 6.0 in every sub-bands

TOEFL

79 overall with Listening: 16, Reading:16, Writing:21, Speaking:18

PTE

58 overall with 50 in every sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Mechanical and Mechatronics in Australia

#1 University of New-South Wales (UNSW)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronic)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUS $47,760

#2 University of Melbourne

Program

Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Systems

Bachelor of Science in Mechatronic Systems

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912-$45,944

#3 University of Sydney

Image credit: University of Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechatronic Engineering)

Intake (2021)

March & August

Duration

4 years full time

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $50,000

#4 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechanical Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechatronic Engineering

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $48,164

#5 University of Western Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Mechanical

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Robotics and Mechatronics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $33,000

#6 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronics)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,300

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Top Universities to Study Immunology in Australia

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The world is thrilled with the arrival of vaccines to protect us from the infection of Covid-19, but have you ever wondered who creates these vaccines and also all the other vaccines for various diseases? How are these vaccines created? How can you become a part of this innovation? 

If you have thought about these questions in your mind and are intrigued to be a part of this explorative field, then a degree in Immunology is the first step towards achieving your goals. This article will guide through the basic understanding of immunology and the top universities offering immunology degrees in Australia. 

What is Immunology?

Video credit: UAB

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science or science focused on the study of the complex immune system against health and disease. This field is essential to human health as it provides the reasoning of how vaccination protects humans from vicious diseases as well as plays a major role in treating diseases such as allergy, autoimmunity and cancer.

The immune system plays a vital role in protecting our body from pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. Any sort of distortion in the immune system could lead to diseases such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer. There are three types of immune systems, which are innate, adaptive and passive. 

Innate – Innate or natural immunity is the body’s forefront defence which we are born with. For instance, our skin acts as a barrier to avoid bacteria entering the body. The immune system detects foreign organisms and prevents them from harming our body.

Adaptive – Adaptive immunity is also known as acquired immunity that we develop throughout our lives. Adaptive immunity is developed when we are exposed to diseases or when we’re protected from them with vaccines.

Passive  – Passive immunity is provided from another source for a short period of time. For example, antibodies in a mother’s breast milk provide temporary immunity for infants to avoid the attack of diseases the mother has been exposed to.

What Does an Immunologist Do?

An immunologist basically deals with the problems related to the immune system such as allergies, asthma and autoimmune diseases. Immunologists study and analyse the functions of the immune system, environmental factors affecting its function, how immune system disorders occur, and how such diseases can be treated. Immunologists may work either in the laboratory, conducting research or directly work with patients in the healthcare field. 

Responsibilities of immunologists in the laboratory include;

  • Designing, planning and conducting experiments.
  • Develop and test hypotheses using proper analytical techniques.
  • Analysing and interpreting data.
  • Writing lab reports and reviews.
  • Ensure sufficient laboratory purchasing and inventory maintenance.
  • Create proposals for further development tests.
  • Keep track of the current research within the field.

Responsibilities of patient-based immunologists include;

  • Diagnosing and treating patients with immune disorders or allergies.
  • Consulting on medicines and treatments for patients with immunological conditions.
  • Work alongside medical professionals to discuss patient tests and treatment plans.
  • Recommend additional tests to help with the diagnostic process.
  • Educating medical staff about tests and treatments regarding immunology.

Core Subjects Taught in Immunology Degree

The study of immunology entails an in-depth understanding of the components, principles and mechanisms of a healthy immune system, and how they coordinate to mount safe and appropriate protection against infections. Core subjects offered in immunology degree includes as follows;

  • Biology
  • Principles of immunology
  • Molecular and cellular immunology
  • Medical & applied immunology
  • Microbiology: Bacteriology
  • Mechanisms of Infectious Diseases

Career Opportunities with Immunology Degree

Immunology degree graduates may find jobs in several including health services, pharmaceutical, environmental and so forth. The job roles may vary depending on the industry they work for.

Health care

Clinical immunologists are responsible for treating patients with immune system disorders and developing new test methods. They work on research and innovation to ensure patients receive the best healthcare services. 

Pharmaceutical

Immunologists in the pharmaceutical line work in developing or modifying medical products and treatment methods. Furthermore, they are responsible for prescribing appropriate drugs and therapies to patients with autoimmune disease. 

Environmental

Environmental immunologists focus on the immune systems of wildlife, where they carry out experiments to analyse immune responses affecting environmental pollutants and the molecular mechanisms behind these effects. 

Veterinary Science

Immunologists in animal health care typically conduct researches in preventing animals from disease and come up with treatments for those animals affected by various infections and immunological disorders. 

Academic Entry Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including English Mathematics and one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics)

A-Levels

Grade range from CCC to AAA

UEC

A minimum score of B4 in 5 best subjects

ATAR

A minimum score of 75 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 27 points 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

IELTS

Overall 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-band

TOEFL

An overall score of 79 points with speaking:18, writing: 21, listening: 12, reading: 12

PTE

Overall 58 points with 50 in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Immunology Degree in Australia

#1 University of Melbourne

Ranked #1 life science and medicine course in Australia and 22nd in the world for QS subject ranking, the University of Melbourne allows students to study the development and clinical use of new immune-based treatments for cancer and infectious diseases, allergies, autoimmune diseases and the prevention of transplantation dysfunctions.

Program

  • Bachelor of Science 
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine

Major

Immunology

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $45,944

#2 Monash University

Image credit: Monash University

Monash University ranks #2 in life science and medicine course in QS World Rankings. The program equips students with an in-depth understanding of the physical, cellular and molecular processes associated with the development of pathologies through both theory and practical-based work. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $43,500

#3 University of New South Wales (UNSW)

UNSW believes that a detailed study of immunology, pathology and microbiology will prepare students to approach cutting edge research in the field as well as for the diagnosis and management of common immune-related clinical scenarios that students may well encounter in their careers.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $47,850

#4 University of Western Australia (UWA)

Studying at UWA grants students a thorough understanding of the functions, importance and impact of microbes. Students will also develop the fundamental techniques of cell and molecular biologies such as culturing techniques for the isolation and characterisation of bacteria, the use of microscopy for the identification of microbes, and data recording. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology & Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $40,100

#5 James Cook University (JCU)

Image credit: James Cook University

Students will develop the skills and knowledge in the study of epidemiology, molecular genetics, cell biology, and advanced immunobiology. Students will also study the theories of infectious diseases and tropical microbes. The combined study of microbiology and immunology allows graduates the option to apply for membership in the Australian Society of Microbiology.

Program

Bachelor of Biomedical Sciences (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February 

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,480

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Nutrition and Dietetics Degree in Australia

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What are the Differences Between a Nutritionist and a Dietician?

It is common for people to mistakenly think that dieticians and nutritionists are the same. They are undoubtedly related to one another in terms of promoting healthy well-being to the public, but they are different especially in terms of professional credentials and the types of clients they work with.

Nutritionists promote healthy eating habits and a balanced lifestyle to improve the health of clients. They don’t consult clients with an illness. Instead, they advise people on ways to improve their health by eating the right food. The term “Nutritionist” is not regulated by the law, meaning that graduates can directly become a nutritionist without a professional license. 

On the other hand, dieticians are certified healthcare specialists, using their advanced knowledge of science in nutrition to offer expert advice on eating habits to people with serious health issues such as obesity, diabetes and eating disorders. Unlike nutritionists, dieticians are required to obtain a professional certificate or license to proclaim themselves as dieticians. 

Importance of Nutrition and Dietetics

More and more people are working in an office setting, where they spend long hours sitting without having much time to move around after mealtime or after work, which could affect their health in terms of the digestive system and increase the risk of heart diseases. Other than that, people consume high levels of sugar, fats, and salts, which could lead to severe health-related diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Thus, nutrition and dietetics play a vital role to educate people to eat right, stay physically active, and live healthy lives by making the right food choices. 

Nutrition and dietetics help the healthy development of children and young adolescents. Children and young adolescents who have a well-balanced diet will increase their learning potential. Nutritious food will body and mind as well as improve concentration level in classes. On the contrary, the lack of sufficient nutrients in daily meals will deliberately affect mental health as they are more likely to be fatigued and stressed, which affects their focus on their studies.  

What do Nutritionists and Dieticians do?

The main responsibility of nutritionists and dieticians is to promote or advise the public about the significance of eating healthy food and maintaining a balanced diet. Their day-to-day responsibilities are as follow:

Roles and Responsibility of a Nutritionist and Dieticians 

  • Construct a diet and exercise plan for healthy clients to maintain their healthy lifestyle.
  • Plan menus for clients and advise them on the health effects of certain foods
  • Track the effectiveness of their menus and documents patients’ progress
  • Coordinate and lead group or individual cooking classes.
  • Keep themselves updated on the latest research in this field. 
  • Help patients with health-related problems make healthy food choices.
  • Design food-related policy developments.
  • Educate individuals, governments, education facilities, and industries on nutrition programs.
  • Advising catering services about specific dietary requirements. 
  • Conduct nutrition research.

How to Become a Nutritionist & Dieticians in Australia?

Students who prefer to become a nutritionist or dietician are required to complete a bachelor’s degree in Nutrition and Dietetics. The course typically takes three or four years to complete. The degree course equips students with knowledge in the science of nutrients and their daily life effects.

Upon graduation, students can pursue their career as nutritionist or dietician. Graduates who prefer to become a nutritionist may apply for membership with the Nutrition Society of Australia. Applications are considered by the NSA Council from individuals with a suitable qualification in Nutrition & Dietetics. On the other hand, those who are interested in dietetics are eligible to join Dietitians Australia (DA) and the Accredited Practising Dietitian (APD) program to become a licensed dietician.

Career Opportunities with a Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

Graduates with a degree in nutrition and dietetics may pursue their career in various industries, including as follows:

Public Health

Focus on improving the public’s lifestyle by educating on healthy eating habits. They may work with families, children, the elderly and pregnant women.

Food Service

Responsible for supervising everything related to food, from purchasing and preparation to staff safety practice.

Sports & Fitness

Nutritionist/dietician assesses and consults athletes or sportsmen about the nutritional needs for them to stay fit and healthy. 

Clinical

Liaise with doctors and therapists to accelerate patients’ recoveries by educating patients about nutrition and handle nutrition therapy.

Private Practice – Consulting

Dietitian Nutritionists either work under contract to serve healthcare companies or food companies or work as self-employed nutritionists. They usually conduct nutrition assessments and screening of their clients and advise them on maintaining a balanced diet.

Academic Entry Requirement of Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including chemistry and mathematics)

A-Levels

Grade range from BBB to AAA

UEC

Average of B5 from 5 academic subjects.

ATAR

An average score of 95

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 35 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement of Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

IELTS

An overall score of 6.5 with a minimum of 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

An overall score of 80 with Listening:18, Reading:18, Speaking: 18 and Writing:18

PTE

An overall score of 65 with 58 in each sub-bands. 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Nutrition and Dietetics Degree in Australia

#1 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

QUT helps students gain hands-on experience providing nutrition assessments and dietary advice to real clients in QUT Health Clinics, including providing advice for managing chronic disease, before and after surgery, eating disorders and allergies.

Program

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#2 Griffith University

Image credit: Griffith University

Griffith University offers students learning through extensive hands-on experience in state-of-the-art facilities, including a purpose-built teaching kitchen and a nutrition clinic in the new Griffith Health Centre.

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#3 University of Newcastle (UON)

Accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA)The University of Newcastle’s Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics combines theoretical and scientific knowledge with practical learning to ensure students are well-prepared for a career in nutrition and dietetics. 

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#4 Deakin University

Image credit: Deakin University

The Bachelor of Nutrition Science (Dietetics Pathway) is designed for students who wish to pursue a career as a dietitian, with a guaranteed pathway to Deakin’s Master of Dietetics. Students are required to complete the necessary units and meet the weighted average mark (WAM) requirement to pursue higher studies.

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition Science (Dietetics Pathway)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time) 

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#5 Flinders University

Image credit: Flinders University

Accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia, Flinders’ research in nutrition and dietetics ranked well above the world standard in the Australian Government’s latest Excellence in Research Australia rankings (2015).

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics

Intake (2021)

March

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Public Relations Degrees in Malaysia

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What is Public Relations?

Public Relations (PR) is a strategic communication process initiated by companies, organizations or individuals to establish a mutually beneficial relationship with stakeholders. The main objective of PR is to build and maintain a positive image of a brand or organization in the eyes of the public.

Public Relations specialists develop communication plans and utilize media to create and sustain a positive brand reputation and a strong relationship with their target audience and key stakeholders including customers, partners, investors, employees, etc. 

Unlike advertising, Public Relations does not work with attractive paid promotions. They often promote a business, product, idea or accomplishment by using editorial content appearing on television, radio shows, newspapers, websites, magazines or blogs.

Types of Public Relations

Media Relations

Media relations focus on the relationship between the company and the media. They often use various media outlets such as press and interviews to deliver the company’s message to their desired stakeholders. The goal is to generate positive coverage of your company or your product.

Investor Relations

Investors are essential for the success and growth of a company. Thus, this type of Public Relations is responsible for managing investor events, releases financial reports, regulatory filings and press releases as well as manages queries from analysts and media.

Public affairs

Public affairs are about building and developing relations between an organisation and politicians, governments and other key decision-makers. They work on how a company engages with the government authorities and the government’s institutional and policy systems.

Community Relations

Society plays a major role in deciding a business’ future. An organization needs to create a positive image of the brand by supporting social practices such as recycling, avoiding child labour, offering child education, equality and environmental protection.

Internal Communication

Employee relations is all about giving employees a positive view of the company they work for. Organizing employee events, conducting programmes to keep employees informed about the company’s changes and consulting on their responsibilities are some of the initiatives carried out by Public Relations to ensure employees are satisfied and motivated in the company. 

Customer Relations

Customer relations refer to the ways a company interacts with its customers to develop the customer experience. Interaction with existing and potential consumers is essential to gain information on interest and prioritise through their feedback, suggestions. 

Marketing Communication

Public Relations utilize social media platforms to reach and promote a company’s reputation and gain immediate positive results. The use of social media is very useful, especially for brands to connect with customers and demonstrate outstanding customer service.

Importance of Public Relations in companies

Trust plays a major role in determining the success or downfall of businesses regardless of what industries it is. Public Relations are responsible for improving the credibility of a company’s audience through a range of significant Public Relations strategies such as networking strategies, influencer connections and marketing campaigns. 

An organization with a good reputation generates potential customers to find their way right to the company’s doorsteps. Public Relations experts help to craft the right messages to resonate with a company’s target customers in a way that impacts them. This will produce more leads for businesses, increasing sales, and bringing bigger profits. 

Public Relations are also important in enhancing staff morale. Public Relations campaigns held within an organization are able to improve communications and motivate employees to perform their task efficiently. Public Relations also keep all employees updated and informed about the company activities and strategic plans and encourages feedback from employees. This will make employees feel that they are an important part of the organization and makes them more dedicated to the company and more productive in performing their duties.

Examples of Public Relations Campaigns

Coca Cola: Share a Coke

The “Share a Coke” campaign was launched in Australia in 2011, whereby the traditional wrapping around the Coca-Cola bottle was changed with the phrase share a Coke with…’ and a random popular name. The campaign encouraged people to find bottles with names that they have a personal connection with and share them with friends and family, then tweet about their story using the hashtag #ShareaCoke. This resulted in the growth of Coca cola’s Facebook community by 3.5% and about 29,000 hashtags were used on Twitter. 

Google’s Fight Against Ebola

Google launched a campaign promising to donate $2 for every dollar people give to organizations fighting Ebola after the outbreak in the western countries became world news. Google ensured that the donation will be raised to fight Ebola and to help provide the necessary medical attention to some of the poorest regions of the world. As a result, Google was able to maximize its positive branding as the company raised $7.5 million throughout the campaign. 

Stabilo Boss – Highlight the remarkable

Stabilo received an amazing response on social media as they launched a campaign highlighting women who played important roles in history and were not noticed. Stabilo took photos from historical moments and drew a yellow highlight line to expose the woman in the photo that played an important role. 

The campaign featured Katharine Johnson, a NASA mathematician who was responsible for the calculations that sent Apollo 11 to the moon. The campaign also highlighted Nobel Prize winner Lise Meitner and First Lady Edith Wilson. As a result, the campaign was a huge hit on social media and went on to win multiple awards.

ALS Association – ALS Ice Bucket Challenge

The ALS #Icebucketchallenge is one of the most well-received and memorable campaigns as it had such a massive impact on social media. Not many were aware of the ALS disease until people started pouring ice buckets over their heads on social media. Many of the high-profile people including Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey stepped into the challenge, making the campaign a success with over 2.4 million videos online and more than $115 million dollars donated to the foundation.

Skills Needed to Become a Successful Public Relations

Communication skills

It is vital for Public Relations professionals to possess excellent oral communication and presentation skills as the job requires dealing with your clients, media buyers, and journalists who expect a professional and clear delivery of information.

Creative thinking

Public Relations professionals will have to come up with creative ways of promoting business and approaching new clients during their job. Public Relations always generates new ideas to be successful in their career. 

Social Media skills

Social media platforms entail different strategies of marketing as each platform vary in terms of functions and who use them more often. Thus, Public Relations professionals will need to be familiar with various social media platforms and able to use them to their fullest potential.

Research skills

Public relations professionals always interact with many clients from different industries. Thus, they need to conduct comprehensive research about their market and brand to accelerate the process of relationship building.

Career Opportunities with a Public Relations degree

Public affairs consultant

Public affairs consultant is responsible for analyzing government policies and providing valuable insights to clients into the political environment and advice relating to public affairs and governmental policy.

Public Relations officer

PR officers use various media and communication to build and manage the reputation of client companies. They are also responsible for building strong relationships with colleagues, clients and the media as well as handle media enquiries.

Event Manager

Event managers are responsible for planning and conducting promotional and social events. They work on a range of events to engage with their target audience and ensure the message of the event is marketed properly. 

Press agent

Press agents generate media coverage for their client to promote them to the public. Press agents use various methods of communications such as press releases, advertisements, performances, and conferences.

Academic Entry Requirement to Study Public Relations in Malaysia

STPM

A minimum of Grade C (CGPA 2.00) in any two subjects

A-Levels

A minimum grade of CCC 

UEC

Minimum 5Bs (including English)

Foundation/Matriculation

A minimum CGPA of 2.00

Diploma

A minimum CGPA of 2.00

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of  24 points

*For further inquiries regarding the entry requirements, please feel free to contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Public Relations in Malaysia

#1 Taylor's University

Image credit: Taylor’s University 

Students will receive recognition and certification from both Taylor’s University and the University of the West of England (UWE), UK and the option to transfer to UWE in the final year. This programme provides a strong Public Relations and event focus with in-depth knowledge of marketing communication which allows students to strategically plan and execute marketing plans.

 

Program

Bachelor of mass communication (Hons) (Public Relation & Event Management

Bachelor of mass communication (Hons) (Public Relation & Marketing)

Intake (2021)

January, March & August

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 95,578

International: RM 113,808

#2 University of Wollongong (UOW), KDU Malaysia

Image credit: UOW KDU University

The programme emphasizes hands-on exposure to equip students with a real-world working environment. Students will be actively involved in industry experiences through event planning, talks, academic conferences and guest lecture sessions conducted by industry professionals. The program will be validated by the reputable University of Lincoln in the UK with a dual award arrangement.

Program

Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in Public Relations

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, July, September & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 59,040 – RM 71,760

International: RM 71,045 – RM 83,765

#3 Curtin University, Malaysia

You’ll gain hands-on experience by developing strategies for real organisations, as well as undertaking a professional internship in your final year. Curtin’s Public Relations major is accredited by the Public Relations Institute of Australia.

Program

Bachelor of Commerce (Public Relations and Management)

Intake (2021)

February or July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 22,400

International: RM 33,128

#4 HELP University

Image credit: HELP University

The programme emphasises the practical applications in modern communication settings. The course is designed to provide professional skills and knowledge, including skills in professional writing techniques, crisis and issues management, media and stakeholder relations, campaign planning, etc. 

Program

Bachelor of Communication (Public Relations) (Hons)

Intake (2021)

January, May, August & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local & International: RM 67,100

#5 Segi University

Image credit: Segi University

This programme equips students with the skills, techniques as well as theoretical knowledge to strategically craft solutions for business challenges. Students will graduate with a dual degree award from SEGi University & University of Central Lancashire, UK

 

Program

Bachelor of Mass Communication (Hons), major in Public Relations

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, July, September & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 59,040 – RM 71,760

International: RM 71,045 – RM 83,765

#6 IACT College

Image credit: IACT College

In collaboration with the University of Sunderland, this programme offers a broad range of study in the Media, Culture and Communications. The programme is fully accredited and assessed by the University of Sunderland, with graduates receiving their certification from the University of Sunderland.

Program

Bachelor of Arts (Hons) Media, Culture and Communication (Public Relation)

Intake (2021)

January, June, August & November

Duration

3 Years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local & International: RM 68,000

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Human Resource Management Degree in Malaysia

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What is Human Resource Management?

Human Resource Management is the department of an organization responsible for managing everything that relates to employees. This includes recruitment, training, performance management, organization development, workplace safety and employee benefits. Human Resource management allows employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organization’s goals and objectives. 

A typical degree in Human Resource Management takes about 3 years to complete. Throughout the programme, students will develop a comprehensive set of skills and practical knowledge of both management and human resources. Upon graduation, students will be able to pursue their career in numerous industries including consultancy firms, banking, manufacturing, local authorities, etc.

Source: Gregg Learning

Main Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resources

Human Resource departments are required to support the growth of the organisation they work in. The nature of the work varies according to the organisation. The common roles and responsibilities include:

    • Recruiting employees by crafting job descriptions and skill specifications, preparing job advertisements, checking application forms, shortlisting, interviewing and hiring the best candidates.
    • Implement policies on issues such as working conditions, performance management, disciplinary procedures and absence management. 
    • Process payroll and maintain employee records.
    • Analyse training needs for employees with departmental managers and develop training programs to improve staff performance
    • Handling employee concerns, including handling difficult situations such as sexual harassment or discrimination in the workplace. 
    • Collaborate with other departments involved in policy areas such as staff performance and health and safety.

Functional Areas of Human Resource Management

Recruitment and staffing

Scouting and hiring of candidates are the major functions of the HR department. HR managers touch every part of the recruitment process, which includes reviewing resumes, conducting preliminary interviews, and processing offer letters.

Training and development

Human Resource organizes training programs to help employees excel in their daily tasks. They will also oversee employees’ performance, manager’s feedback and the results to determine if more training is required. 

Compensation and benefits

Staff compensation and benefits could save a company from losing talented employees to competitors. Human Resource is responsible for creating competitive benefits such as health insurance, retirement accounts, sick leave, family leave and much more. They will have to negotiate to ensure their employees are satisfied and motivated to work in their company. 

Human resources compliance

Compliance with laws of labour and employment is the most crucial Human Resource function. Human Resource professionals are responsible for creating policies and procedure as well as keep updated on all the relevant labour and employment laws constituted by the federal or state government. 

Employee relations

The Human Resource department will work on improving the relationship between employer and employee by measuring employee job satisfaction, employee contribution to the growth of the company, and also generate solutions to resolve workplace conflict. 

Risk management

The Human Resource department is required to ensure that the workplace is safe and employees are aware of the health and safety protocol. In cases of injuries of staff during operation, the Human Resource manages the worker’s compensation claims, investigates the incident and recommends necessary amendments in the safety procedures.

Skills Required for Human Resources

Communication skills

The role of Human Resource is dealing with people. Therefore, they will need to be clear and informative while communicating with people through phone calls, e-mails, and conducting interviews with candidates. They are also required to have excellent writing skills in drafting company policy to avoid miscommunication.

Adaptability skills

Adapting skills are necessary for Human Resource professionals to forecast the need for changes to improve the work environment. The business industry is changing from time to time. Thus, they will need to reconstruct their current company policies and also generate new policies that are relevant and effective.

Critical thinking

Critical thinking helps Human Resource to deal with a difficult situation from a rational point of view. Whether it involves resolving conflicts or issues between the employees, critical thinking helps them to put forward viewpoints and effective ideas to improve the work environment

Organizational skills

Human Resource employees are required to monitor various records and files related to each employee. They handle tons of paperwork of hiring, firing, and employee performance records. So, Human Resource employees must keep this information organized, safe, and accessible. They also need to keep sensitive information separated and only share it with people when it is necessary. 

Career Opportunities with a Human Resource Management Degree

Human Resources officer

A Human Resource officer ensures that the company hires the right candidates with the necessary skills and experience. They also make sure that employees get sufficient training and development opportunities to enhance their performance and achieve the company’s business objectives.

Recruiter

A recruiter scouts candidates who seem promising for a particular role and interview them further to determine if they are suitable for the position. They also use social media platforms to source candidates and screening applicants to decide if they’re the best fit for contributing to the organization’s goals.

Office manager

Office managers are responsible for administrative tasks in the organization. They monitor the schedules of meetings and planning upcoming office events., managing payroll and the office budget and organizing important employee documents.

Training and development officer

The role of the training and development officer is to train employees on their job responsibilities and educate them on the organization’s rules, structure and goals. They also come up with training materials to help trainees learn more about the organization and manage the schedule to train employees.

Academic Entry Requirements to study Human Resource Management in Malaysia

STPM Minimum Grade C or CGPA 2.00
A-Level Minimum grade CCC
UEC Grade B in 5 subjects 
Foundation/Matriculation Minimum CGPA 2.00
Diploma Minimum CGPA 2.00
International Baccalaureate (IB) A minimum score of 24 points 

*For further inquiries regarding the entry requirements, please feel free to contact Excel Education.


Enquire Now

Top Universities to Study Human Resource Management in Malaysia

#1 Asia Pacific University (APU)

Image credit: APU University 

Students will have the option to partake in the APU-DMU Dual Degree scheme. Students will receive dual degree certificates and transcripts upon graduation from De Montfort University (DMU), UK.

Program BA (HONS) Human Resource Management
Intake (2021) March, May & September
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 87,000

International: RM 88,200


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#2 Curtin University, Malaysia

Image credit: Curtin University

This programme allows students to cover topics such as staff selection, promotion, learning and development, and remuneration. This helps students to engage a highly committed and capable workforce to operate in the global business world.

Program Bachelor of Commerce (Human Resources Management and Management)
Intake (2021) February & July
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 67,200

International: RM 99,384


Enquire Now

#3
HELP University

Image credit: HELP University

This programme provides students with a comprehensive study of the three management functions that have become most critical in modern organisations: personnel management, industrial relations and organisational behaviour. Students will develop practical and conceptual skills which will allow them to work in all areas of human resource management.

Program Bachelor of Business (Human Resource Management) (Hons)
Intake (2021) January, March, May, August, October
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local & International RM 62,300


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#4 SEGI University

Image credit: SEGI University

This programme equips students with skills and knowledge in shaping an organisation by providing guidance for the employee who works in the organisation. This double degree programme is a collaboration between SEGi and the University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN), UK. 

Program Bachelor of Business Management (Hons) (Human Resource Management)
Intake (2021) February, May, June, September, October
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 60, 975

International: RM 73, 425


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#5 INTI University

Image credit: INTI University 

This programme offers Human Resource curriculum guidelines of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), providing a core understanding of all the aspects of people management in a Malaysian context.  Students will be equipped with the skills to strive as a line manager across various industries. 

Program Bachelor of Business (Hons) Human Resource Management
Intake (2021) January, June & August
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 68,800

International:  RM 82,500


Enquire Now

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Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Do We Need More Gender Studies Graduates?

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Gender studies is a relatively new field, derived from women’s studies and is heavily influenced by postmodern and poststructuralist theory. It is offered in the field of Social Sciences and Humanities.

Gender studies revolve around the belief that all of social life is gendered, and simultaneously subverts the traditional assumption of what it is like to be a “man” or a “woman”. It focuses on studying the impact gender and sexuality has on our social interactions, and understanding the implications of gender in a social, political and economic point of view. 

Gender studies enables students to get a deeper, intellectual understanding of the ways in which our bodies are sexed, gendered and sexually oriented and how these contribute to current global debates on gender inequality, sexual and reproductive health and rights, and the plurality of sexualities. Students learn to develop connections between gender and sexuality with other facets such as race, class, disability, religion, etc. 

Areas Covered in Gender Studies

Gender studies trains students to think openly, critically and expand their worldview in terms of gender equality, feminism, LGBTQ rights and everything in between. You will develop transferable skills in gender analysis, the ideology of gender equality and social justice that you can apply to several other professions and facets of life in the real world. 

Students are able to establish how gender and sexuality form lenses through which we analyze everyday realities and experiences, and apply feminist and queer lenses to the lived realities of marginalised communities. Gender studies courses teach students to be more empathic, and show understanding and acceptance towards other people and their ideas. Students are able to take part in debates and discussions that challenge their intellectual curiosity, and ultimately help them formulate and express their own ideas essential for innovation and progress of a society or community as a whole. 

Gender studies is about so much more than just women’s rights. Theories of masculinity, and the ways in which they enforce cultural stereotypes on men are also among covered topics. Other areas explored include fighting prejudice and discriminiation, changing and challenging existing, harmful mentalities put in place by social institutions such as families, the laws, religion and media, among others, by implementing diversity, inclusivity and outreach policies. 

A lot of the areas of study involved in gender studies are sensitive but relevant topics in today’s world, which often have personal resonance to students. Students are taught to approach these complex issues mindfully, with cultural sensitivity and with a problem solving, impact and action-oriented mindset in order to find ways to effectively communicate to support their arguments.

The Necessity for Gender Studies

Social dynamics such as gender, ethnicity and sexual orientation often limiting the opportunities for certain minorities is something we still see happening all around the world. Women, people of colour and people with different sexual orientations than what is socially acceptable have not only been denied education and employment opportunities, but a lot of the time, they are not able to speak up for themselves without jeopardising their employment positions, their physical integrity and sometimes residency in their own countries. 

There is a clear urgency for more academic drive towards normalising an idea of a gender that is free from the concept that the female gender is an anomaly, only second to the male and is inherently sexual, and the expectations upon the male gender to be aggressive, bold and harmfully masculine. 

The study of gender is one of the most intellectually challenging and socially important areas in the Humanities and Social Sciences, as it calls for the creation of more inclusive social, economic and political conditions where socially constructed gender expectations and sexual preferences do not restrict opportunity and freedom.

Potential Career Opportunities for Gender Studies Graduates

  • Political / Public Policy Making

  • International Development

  • Health & Social Welfare Organisations

  • Teaching

  • Media Writing & Advertising

  • Marketing & Public Relations

  • Activism

  • Research Organisations

  • Community Sector Agencies / NGOs

  • Journalism

Entry Requirements to Study Gender Studies in Australia

STPM/ GCE A Levels or Equivalent

A minimum score of 9 points

Foundation/ Diploma

Minimum CGPA of 2.0

International Baccalaureate Diploma

A minimum score of 28 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements to Study Gender Studies in Australia

IELTS

A minimum overall of 6.5 and 6.0 in all sub-bands

TOEFL – IBT

A minimum overall score of 85; Minimum17 in Reading, Listening and Speaking and 19 in Writing

TOEFL – PBT

A minimum overall score of 565 and minimum 4.5 in Writing

Pearson Test of English (PTE)

A minimum overall score of 58 and and 50 in all sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Recommended Universities to Study Gender Studies in Australia

1. Monash University

Image Credit: Monash University

Program

Bachelor of Arts 


Major: Gender Studies (also offered as an Extended Major & Minor)

Intake

February, July

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

A$33,000

 

 

2. Deakin University

Image Credit: Deakin University

Program

Bachelor of Arts in Gender & Sexuality Studies

Intake

March, July

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

A$30,200

 

3. University of Sydney

Image Credit: University of Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Arts & Social Sciences


Major: Gender Studies (also offered as a Minor)

Intake

February, August

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

A$43,000

 

4. University of Tasmania

Program

Bachelor of Arts


Major: Gender & Diversity

Intake

July

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

A$31,950

 

5. University of Adelaide

Program

Bachelor of Arts

Major: Gender Studies

Intake

July

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

A$35,000

Articles You Might Be Interested In

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Student enquiries:

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Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Rifqa Abdulla

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Cyber Security Degree & Courses in Australia

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What is Cyber Security?

Cyber Security is the practice of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attack. The key features of a strong security system consist of multiple layers of protection in a company’s computers, programs and networks. Firewalls, antivirus software, anti-spyware software and password management tools should all work together to outsmart innovative cyber criminals.

The principles of Cyber Security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA). Every element of a Cyber Security program should be designed to meet one or more of these principles.

Confidentiality – Ensure that private information is remained disclosed and can be accessible to individuals who require the information to fulfil their task

Integrity – This principle is designed to ensure that data can be trusted, accurate and that it has no unauthorized modifications of data. 

Availability – This principle ensures that the information is available to authorized users when it is needed and such access is not affected by system failure or cyber-attacks.

Video credit: Simplilearn

Importance of Cyber Security

In the era of digital globalization, the rise of internet use and technological advancement has also increased the vulnerability of cyber attacks if proper security systems are not installed.  Over the years, Cyber Security practice is becoming an important focus for governments and also organizations across the globe. Government, military, corporate, financial, and medical organizations possess sensitive data stored in computers and other devices, which are highly confidential and not intended for the public view. A small portion of the data breach could result in a disastrous effect on the company and also the country. 

Besides that, individuals also face many cyber threats as well. Identity theft is a global issue, where hackers steal an individual’s personal information and sell it for cash rewards. Hackers use various approaches to steal individual identity and demand ransom. Camera devices are vulnerable for hackers to invade individuals’ household privacy, which is also a major concern for our society. 

Types of Cyber Security

Application security

Application security uses software and hardware methods to prevent malicious threats that can enter during the development stage of an application. Antivirus programs, firewalls and encryption programs are examples of application security

Network Security

Network security is used to prevent unauthorized or malicious users from accessing data inside the network. Common examples of network security include extra logins and new passwords. 

Cloud Security

Cloud security is used by the majority of businesses moving in cloud computing as part of the IT solutions. Cloud security secures the usage of software-as-a-service (SaaS) applications and the users access privileges by preventing cloud accounts from unauthorized access. 

Internet Security

Internet security protects information that is found in browsers and also network security involving web-based applications. The protection is designed to alert malware as well as unwanted traffic. Examples of protections are firewalls, antimalware, and antispyware software.

Types of Cyber Security Threat

Phishing

Phishing attacks use fake communication such as text message or email to trick a victim in opening it and steal the victim data such as credit card numbers and login information. This results in identity theft, funds robbery, or unauthorized purchases for the victim.

Malware

Malware is a type of code that is made to affect a computer system without the users’ consent to gain access to personal information or to damage the device. Examples of malware include spyware, viruses and worms.

SQL Injection

Structured Query Language (SQL) injection employs malicious code to exploit backend databases to access undisclosed information. This may include numerous items including private customer details, user lists, or sensitive company data.

Denial of Service (DoS)

Denial of service (DoS) floods a targeted computer or network with information that triggers a crash, causing it to be inaccessible for users. DoS attacks often target web servers of organizations such as trade organizations, media companies, commerce, and banking.

Advanced Persistent Threat (APT)

Advanced persistent threat (APT) uses sophisticated hacking techniques in which an intruder accesses a network and remains anonymous for a prolonged period of time. APT attacks are initiated to steal data from organizations such as national defence, manufacturing and the financial industry.

What do you study in a Cyber Security Degree & Courses?

A Cyber Security degree helps students to gain practical and theoretical knowledge in this critical aspect of IT. Students will learn with the latest technologies to develop skills in programming and hacking and strengthen their understanding of security and privacy. A typical degree in Cyber Security takes 3-4 years to complete, including work placement to gain experience and prepare for the job market.

Common subjects offered for a Cyber Security degree are as follows.

  • Programming
  • Discrete Mathematics
  • System Security
  • Cyber Security Analytics
  • Digital Forensics
  • Secure Networking

Career Opportunities with a Cyber Security Degree

Cyber Safety specialist

Cyber Safety specialists provide security during the development stages of software systems, networks and data centres. They look for any opening of cyber attacks in both hardware and software, as well as responsible for building firewalls in network infrastructures. 

Data security analyst

Responsible for implementing and testing various security programs such as firewalls and data encryption technology to protect the company’s sensitive data. They also are updated to remove bugs and add new features.

Security analyst

Security analysts analyze security policies and procedures to identify flaws in the company’s security system. They also make the necessary precautions for potential flaws by assessing new firewall technology to protect your systems. 

Cyber intelligence

Cyber intelligence analysts work in network administration or network engineering to assist in countering the activities of hackers and developers of malicious software. They gather information on malware-related criminal activities and predict their future activities based on what they gathered.

General Entry Requirement for Cyber Security Degree in Australia

STPM

A minimum grade of B best 5 subjects 

A-Level

A minimum grade of BCC 

UEC

Average of B4 from the best 5 academic subjects.

ATAR

An average score of 75 or above

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Minimum of 28 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Cyber Security Degree in Australia

IELTS

6.0 overall with 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

70 overall, Reading:18, Writing:18, Listening:17, Speaking:17

PTE

Overall Score of 64 and 60 in all sub-bands.

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to study Cyber Security degree in Australia

#1 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Program

Bachelor of Computing Science (Honours) (Cyber Security and Privacy)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $44,832

#2 Edith Cowan University

Program

Bachelor of Science (Cyber Security)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,050

#3 Deakin University

Image credit: Deakin University

Program

Bachelor of Information Technology (Cyber Security)

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,400

#4 University of Wollongong (UOW)

Program

Bachelor of Computer Science (Cyber Security)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $16,920

#5 Western Sydney University

Program

Bachelor of Cyber Security and Behaviour

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $26,240

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Top Universities to Study Mechanical Engineering in Malaysia

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What is Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering fields. It applies the principles of motion, energy, and force in the design and development of most products that surround us. From everyday conveniences such as refrigerators, air-conditioners and microwaves to large machines such as electric generators, diesel engines and gas turbines, requires the work of mechanical engineering. 

Video credit: University of Bath

What do Mechanical Engineers do?

Mechanical engineer involves in the research, designs, development and testing of mechanical products, equipment, systems and processes to meet the product requirements. They work with other engineers or departments in resolving system malfunctions, determining solutions, and completing modifications. 

Mechanical engineers also develop and test mechanical prototypes of new designs and devices or even to improve existing ones. Mechanical engineers also carry out tests and research to analyze and ensure that the equipment or design is safe, efficient and reliable.

How to Become a Professional Engineer in Malaysia?

Upon completing a degree in engineering, students who want to pursue a career as a professional engineer first have to register with the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) as a Graduate Engineer. BEM is a government body that is responsible for the registration of professional engineers in Malaysia. It is a regulatory body that grants the title, ‘Professional Engineer’ to Graduate engineers who have met the registration requirements.

Requirements to Register with Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) 

The following will brief students on the requirement to be credited as a Professional Engineer under BEM. For further details, please contact Excel Education.

  • Applicants are required to complete a 4-year engineering degree programme with accreditation by the Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) and recognition by BEM to register as a Graduate Engineer
  • Applicants must complete 3 years of working experience as a Graduate Engineer, including a minimum of 1 year working in Malaysia and obtained experience in design and site.
  • The Graduate Engineers are then qualified to sit for the Tier 1 exam, which consists of 3 routes;

Route A (Professional Assessment Examination)

Route B (Route for a Professional Engineer from an overseas Regulatory Body)

Route C (Corporate Member of IEM)

A pass in the Tier-1 exam enables the graduates to apply for Professional Engineer registration with BEM. Successful graduates will be awarded a Tier-1 Professional Qualification, which also grants the title ‘Ir’, and ‘PEng’.

Core Skills Required in Mechanical Engineering

Communication

Mechanical engineers develop products for their clients. They need to explain their ideas and designs to clients who are not familiar with mechanical systems. Thus, mechanical engineers have to be able to convey their ideas clearly and effectively, and this requires excellent communication skills.

Creativity 

Mechanical engineering involves developing and designing a wide range of products, ranging from power generation to medical devices. Conceptualizing and developing completely new products requires a high level of creativity.

Problem-solving 

Mechanical engineers often find ways to make mechanical or thermal devices work better. They need to be strong analytical thinkers in their design calculations to develop prototypes, validate product experiences and test-building materials. 

Mathematics Skills 

Mechanical engineers often use mathematics to solve problems that could be caused by miscalculations. Math skills include calculus and statistics. They must be adept at applying these skills to estimate the cost of designing new products or improving existing ones.

Careers Options with a Mechanical Engineering Degree

Mechanical engineering graduates are employed by a number of different industries. Mechanical engineers can be found in industries such as automotive, pharmaceutical, construction, oil and gas and so on. The roles and responsibilities vary in different industry. The general roles and responsibilities in these industries include;

Automotive Industry

Mechanical engineers may design new products and in some cases modify those currently  They solve engineering problems using mechanical, electrical, hydraulic or thermodynamic principles as well as develop prototypes of components and test their performance to ensure safety.

Pharmaceutical Industry

Mechanical engineers will be responsible for designing, testing and developing machinery and equipment such as boilers, Heat and Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) and water systems. They also improve equipment performance and provide a daily inspection to identify equipment breakdown or system malfunction.

Construction Industry

Mechanical engineers work on designing the heating,  air conditioning and smoke ventilation systems that make up buildings such as hospitals, offices and shopping malls, airports and railway stations.

Oil and Gas Industry

Mechanical engineers are involved in the design, development, installation and maintenance of mechanical plants, equipment and machinery such as pumps, engines, turbines, which are used for processing and producing oil and gas at either onshore or offshore production.

Program Structure of Mechanical Engineering Degree

Mechanical engineers typically require a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering. The course spans over 4 years, where students learn the basics of engineering and core Mechanical Engineering subjects. 

 This course will help students to apply knowledge of mathematics, natural science, and engineering principles to solve sophisticated engineering problems and design mechanical systems for industries such as automotive, power generation, aerospace and manufacturing. 

Students will undergo industrial training and also conduct a final year project where they gain practical application of the theories learnt throughout the course. This proves to be very fruitful when students step into the corporate world.

Common subjects taught in this course include;

  • Computing for Engineers
  • Engineering Design
  • Thermodynamics
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Heat Transfer
  • Control System
  • Engineering Dynamics

Academic Entry Requirements for Mechanical Engineering Degree in Malaysia

STPM 

CGPA 2.00 including Mathematics and Physics/ Chemistry

Foundation/ Matriculation

Pass with a minimum CGPA 2.00

A-Levels

Minimum grade range of CCC to BBB including Mathematics and Physics / Chemistry

UEC

Grade B in 5 subjects including Mathematics & Physics

Diploma

Minimum CGPA 2.00

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Minimum of 24 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Mechanical Engineering Degree in Malaysia

#1 Nottingham University, Malaysia

Image credit: University of Nottingham 

Program

BEng/MEng (Hons) Mechanical Engineering

Intake (2021)

September

Duration

BEng: 3 years/ MEng: 4 years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Local Students: RM48,900

International Students: RM57,000

#2 Monash University, Malaysia

Image credit: Monash University

Program

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February, July & October.

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Local Students: RM48,101

International Students: RM54,915

#3 Taylor’s University

Image credit: The Star

Program

Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering (Honours)

Intake (2021)

January, March & August

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local Students: RM 139,514

International Students: RM 161,384

#4 Swinburne University, Malaysia

Image credit: Swinburne University

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical)

Intake (2021)

March, August & October

Duration

4 years (Full time) 

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Local Students: RM32,560

International Students: RM41,200

#5 SEGi University

Image credit: Segi University

Program

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering with Honours

(Dual Degree Award with University of Central Lancashire, UK)

Intake (2021)

January, May, July, September & October

Duration

4 years (Full Time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local Students: RM 85,875

International Students: RM 90,062

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study at Western Sydney University, Australia

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Western Sydney University is a world-class university known internationally for its excellence in research and education developments. Academic excellence, integrity and knowledge pursuit are the ideals that the university values. WSU strives to become an international university of excellence by offering scholarships, teaching, training, research and services, not just for Australian students but also for international students. 

History of Western Sydney University

WSU was established in 1989, under “Western Sydney University Act 1997  a state legislative body that established a federal network university with an incorporation of the Nepean College of Advanced Education with the Hawkesbury University of Agriculture. In 2001, the University of West Sydney was restructured as a single multi-campus university. In 2015, the university underwent a change in name from Western Sydney University to Western Sydney University. It offers undergraduate, postgraduate and university degrees in research with campuses in Bankstown, Blacktown, Campbelltown, Hawkesbury, Parramatta, and Penrith.

Today, Western Sydney University is a well-known, multicultural university, representing approximately 48,500 students from more than 70 countries worldwide. The university has a total of 38,827 undergraduate enrollment, while 7,123 students are graduates or pursuing higher studies. The University currently employs approximately 1,675 university students and 1,712 administrative personnel.

Western Sydney University Rankings

Western Sydney is currently ranked 474th in the world and 26th in Australia by QS World University Ranking. The University has been awarded a five-star QS World University Ranking for academic quality, with students benefiting from an admirable staff-to-student relationship which enables individual attention to enhance the learning experience. The University’s dedication to continuous growth and innovation is expressed in five-star scores by QS World University Rankings for innovation and facilities, students have access to the latest facilities and services.

The QS World University Rankings also gave the University’s employability status a 5-star grade. At WSU, students have the opportunity to participate in internships, volunteering and work experiences to build their skills and increase their employability. 

Undergraduate Programs Offered in Western Sydney University

WSU is among the top two percent of universities in the world, based on research and dedicated to having a positive impact on our societies through education. WSU offers some of the world’s highly ranked subjects. The following undergraduate programs are offered by WSU which are ranked in the top 100 in the world, according to the QS World Rankings by subject.

Program

Global Rank

Australia Rank

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

Bachelor of Communication

51-100

9

AUD $28,080

Bachelor of Nursing

51-100

17

AUD $31,394

Bachelor of Social Science (Sociology)

51-100

19

AUD $26,240

WSU offers a wide range of undergraduate programs for students with various study options, access to state-of-the-art facilities, and support of world-class lecturers. The aim of the university is to nurture any students, despite their background with the determination to assist them to reach their highest potential. 

The following are a few of the recommended undergraduate courses students can pursue at WSU, ranked among the top 500 subjects in the world according to QS subject ranking. 

Program

Duration

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

Bachelor of Arts

3 years

AUD $26,240

Bachelor of Business

3 years

AUD $28,922

Bachelor of Science

3 years

AUD $32,004

Bachelor of Engineering Science 

3 years

AUD $33,000

Bachelor of Computer Science

3 years

AUD $30,840

Bachelor of Medical Science

3 years

AUD $32,004

Bachelor of Music

3 years

AUD $28,080

Bachelor of Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security

3 years

AUD $32,004

Bachelor of Social Science (Psychology)

3 years

AUD $26,240

*For further inquiries about the available courses at WSU, please contact Excel Education.

International Student Support in WSU

Academic support – International students can join the English Conversation Group to build confidence in speaking the English language. Star Pronunciation has associated with WSU in providing 20 hours of training to develop students’ pronunciation, verbal communication and interview skills.

Personal support –  The Student Welfare Service provides advice to students on financial assistance, accommodation and health-related issues. WSU also has an After-Hours Student Assistance Line specifically for international students. This is a hotline service, where students could contact the people in charge if international students encountered any problem after college hours.

MATES is a mentoring program that provides an opportunity for first-year students to get in touch with other new students and mentors in later years of study. This helps new students meet other students, network with other students to adapt to life at university.

Employability support – WSU Careers provides online service for students in searching for jobs, tips on preparing a resume, careers events and workshops. They even assign education consultants for students to get advice regarding their future career.

Cultural Support – The Student Representation and Participation unit conduct Diversity Fest which is an important event that celebrates the diverse community across many dimensions including culture, sex, gender, physical and mental abilities, age, ethnicity, religious practices and socio-economic status. 

*For further inquires about the extracurricular activities and support services at WSU, Please contact Excel Education.

Top Reason Why Students Choose to Study in Sydney

WSU is located in the beautiful city of Western Sydney, a little over 30 mins drive from Sydney Central Business District (CBD), where students get to discover one of the most lively cities in the world with diverse cultural groups. This makes Western Sydney University exceptional, offering international students the opportunity to explore and embrace a diverse cultural dimension.

Greater Western Sydney (GWS) is a growing region of economic opportunity. Therefore, there is a wide opportunity for international students to earn some extra pocket money after class or during semester break. Students may find part-time jobs in restaurants, cafes and retail stores in order to support themselves financially and gain work-life experience. International students with a valid student visa are eligible to work 40 hours per fortnight and unlimited hours during semester breaks or holidays. 

Western Sydney is also a nice place to relax as the city has breathtaking views of mountains and riverfronts. The city is a wonderful spot for students to carry out outdoor activities such as hiking at the Blue Mountains, kayaking at the quiet waterways of Lake Parramatta and enjoy a relaxing picnic on the riverbank of Nepean River during the holidays. In addition to these, there are plenty of museums in Western Sydney for international students to explore during their semester breaks.

*For further inquiries about living in Western Sydney, Please contact Excel Education.

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

Sharing is caring :)