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Studying Abroad During a Pandemic

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The thought of studying abroad in a foreign country itself is scary. But it is even scarier when there is a raging pandemic to think about. If you are considering studying abroad during these times, you probably have a lot of questions about what it is like to be an international student during a pandemic far away from home.

Studying abroad is undoubtedly an experience that will expand your horizons, help you develop empathy, and broaden your perspectives. It is an enriching experience that will definitely stay with you for the rest of your life. However, perhaps just like you, a question that many students have now is whether they could have this experience during a time where most countries’ borders are still closed. 

If this is the case for you, we are here to provide you with the answers to all of your studying abroad related questions. Below we have a list of questions we think you might have and the relevant answers to them to help you make the first step towards planning your studies overseas. 

Are Universities Accepting Applications?

We have good news, the answer is yes! Even though many countries still have travel bans put in place, most universities are accepting applications from international students. 

Here’s how it is for universities in Malaysia, Australia and the UK.

Malaysia

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Malaysia borders are currently open for international students (Except for students from specific restricted countries). All new and existing students from other countries are allowed to enter Malaysia with the condition of a 7 days quarantine period post arrival, which you need to pay for before arrival. 

Currently, all of the universities in Malaysia are accepting students from all over the world, although the classes continue to be conducted online due to a spike in the amount of covid-19 cases. 

In Malaysia, different universities have different intakes throughout the year depending on the course. 

For more information regarding the intakes offered and the application process in your preferred university, contact Excel Education

Universities in Malaysia are moving towards conducting hybrid learning for students, depending on the Covid-19 situation in the country. So you won’t be missing out on the whole university experience for much longer. 

Australia

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Entry into Australia for international students is unfortunately banned at the present and travelling to the country remains strictly controlled due to the pandemic. The state governments and universities are however trying their best to open borders for international students as soon as possible. 

In fact, the state of Victoria, in which two of the most famous universities of Australia, Monash University and University of Melbourne are located, proposed a recovery plan for international students to enter Australia. This is definitely a positive sign for all international students out there. 

If you are considering applying to a university in Australia, you can opt for February or July intakes. Some universities also have intakes throughout the year, providing you with more flexibility. 

For more information regarding the intakes offered and the application process in your preferred university, contact Excel Education.  

Just like Malaysia, Australia has both online and face-to-face classes for students. This is so that students who are unable to join physical classes can study in the comfort of their homes. It is, however, subject to change depending on the Covid-19 situation. 

United Kingdom (UK)

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UK borders are currently open for both international and existing students except the students returning from countries on the banned travel list. All travellers must undergo a self-isolation period of 10 days upon arrival. 

UK universities are currently processing all applications from students all over the world and the general intakes are in January and September. Some universities however, have intakes all year round. 

For more information regarding the intakes offered and the application process in your preferred university, contact Excel Education

Universities in the UK as well, are operating both physical classes and online classes keeping the students who can’t join on campus classes in mind. Hybrid classes can however change to full online classes of course, depending on the Covid-19 situation in the country.

Will You Be Able To Get a Student Visa?

As travel restrictions around the world are starting to loosen, many countries are providing visas and have updated their visa applications processes. 

Malaysia

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Even though Malaysia has had its borders closed for tourists since the beginning of the pandemic, students can still apply for student visas and enter Malaysia once the visa is approved. 

Students can apply for a visa to the immigration of Malaysia through their academic institution. You can track the visa application from the Education Malaysia Global Services website. You are allowed to start your studies online during this process, if you are overseas. Once the visa is approved, you are given a visa approval letter, with which your visa upon arrival in Malaysia is confirmed. 

You also need a travel authorization letter in addition to the visa approval letter before you can enter Malaysia. In addition to this, you will need to do a pre-arrival and post-arrival test for COVID-19, which you have to pay for. 

For more information, click here

Australia

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Just like Malaysia, Australia also allows students at all locations to apply for a visa. This means students will be able to enter as soon as travel restrictions are lifted without any visa delays. 

Another good news for students aspiring to study in Australia is that online study, whether it is remotely or in the country, is now counted towards the Australian study requirement for a post-study work visa, as long as you possess a student visa during the period of study. 

Once you are able to enter Australia, it is a must for you to be quarantined in a quarantine facility for 14 days upon arrival, which you may need to pay for.

United Kingdom (UK)

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The case for the UK is quite different from Australia and Malaysia. If you are to take on online learning from a UK University, you are not required to obtain a visa. However, if you wish to study in the country you will need to apply for a visa. After you apply, you will get the decision on your visa application within 3 weeks. 

Currently in the UK, if you are forced to study online due to the pandemic, you will still be eligible for the 2 year post-study work visa, which is great news for the international students in the UK. 

Additionally, you need to take a Covid-19 test before and after arrival to England if your country is not on the green list, which you will need to pay for. You will also need to self-isolate for 10 days if your country is not on the green list. Malaysia is currently on the amber list, meaning students entering from Malaysia will need to quarantine at home.

What is it Like To Study Abroad During a Pandemic?

Universities understand the plight students are in during the pandemic, and most universities are moving towards blended learning with both physical and online classes so that no student is left out. However, the uncertainty of changing to full online classes remains, depending on the situation of the Covid-19 cases in that specific country. 

Many students as well as lecturers were introduced to online learning during this pandemic. Tutorials, classes as well as meetings with lecturers are carried online, in addition to being able to access libraries only through digital resources. 

While some students find this form of education not so effective, there are many students who find it more suitable for them than face-t0-face classes. For example, one of the biggest perks of online classes is that you can record the classes and watch them later at your own convenience. You can also join your classes anywhere, anytime. 

The cons of online learning that have been pointed out by many students is that they are unable to get the real university experience such as  making new friends, doing group work and extracurricular activities. Another major problem you might have if you are studying in a different country might be the time difference. If there is a big time difference between your country and the country you are pursuing your studies in, you might find yourself waking up in the middle of the night for a 10am class. 

Hence the answer to the question of what it is like to study during a pandemic can be very subjective and you can only find out what it is really like for you once you start your studies.

Is It Safe To Study Abroad During a Pandemic and Should You Do It?

In light of the pandemic, universities all over the world are undoubtedly trying their best to make learning a safe experience for all of their students. However, it will be good to spend some time familiarizing yourself with the details of exactly how your course of interest is going to be taught to make sure the new form of learning will still provide you an engaging educational experience. 

Universities have hybrid learning and contingency plans to provide a safer experience for their students in case the government brings any changes to the regulations. 

Hence, if you are really interested in pursuing your studies abroad, there is nothing to be put off about because you can always speak to the university you are looking to apply for and they will definitely give you good advice on your enrollment process and any restrictions that you may need to be aware of. 

What is most important for a student during a time like this would be to be flexible and open to changes that you may have to face along the way.  

Related Articles to Read

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Mariyam Naufa
I like to keep it simple. 
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Data Science vs Data Analytics: Which Degree to Study?

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Data is a collection of information normally gathered through numbers or observations to be used for the analysis of trends, user behaviours or disease outbreaks. In a corporation or business, data is often gathered for marketing purposes, financial analysis or to make a better decision for the company. In today’s world, as long as you own a smartphone with different mobile applications, chances are your user experiences and activities are being tracked and stored as data. As the world moves towards digitalization, this data is growing exponentially with time and at a high increase rate, which results in what we referred to as ‘big data’ today. 

Thanks to big data, companies are able to connect with users by offering services or products based on their activity on the Internet such as personalized music, movies and shopping items. However, such massive data requires professionals to parse through them to get the right information. Thus, birthed data science and data analytics as a career that one could pursue as a professional. 

In this article, we will highlight the differences between data science and data analytics so that students would have a clear idea of pursuing their career based on their interest in the data world.

What is Data Science?

Data science is an integrative approach to extract key information and insights from large structured or unstructured data. Data science involves data mining, statistics, machine learning and programming to interpret data and present the outcomes or predictions for the decision-making process. The common tasks carried out by data scientists are as the following:

  • Collecting large sets of data from various sources.
  • Use a wide range of tools and techniques such as SQL, data mining and data integration methods to evaluate and prepare data.
  • Cleaning and validating the data for accuracy, completeness, and structure.
  • Devising and applying models and algorithms to extract insights from big data.
  • Analyzing the data to identify patterns and trends.
  • Interpreting the data to discover solutions and opportunities.
  • Presenting to stakeholders the possibilities of solving business problems with the results for decision making.

In today’s world, data science helps businesses and organizations to provide value to their consumers. Data enables businesses to provide various resources to solve major problems. Companies such as Netflix and YouTube extracts information from big data to deliver the right product to users. Algorithms help the company to create personalized recommendations for users based on their watched or browsed history. 

Data science also enables the game industry to keep gamers engaged with stunning graphics and motion. Data insights and creativity help developers to create an interactive and complex storyline for the games by gaining information of what the player wants and design new game concepts, scenario and mechanics. Game companies also apply machine learning algorithms to upgrade their user’s character as they move up to higher level. 

What is Data Analytics?

 

Data analytics is the process of analyzing existing datasets to draw conclusions for current problems for businesses. The main objective of data analytics is to maximize the efficiency and productivity of a business. Thus, a data analyst is responsible to analyze large sets of data to identify trends develop charts and presentations to help businesses make more strategic decisions.

The common roles of data analyst include:

  • Designing and maintaining data systems and databases, including removing corrupted data.
  • Mining data from primary and secondary sources, then reorganizing said data in a readable format.
  • Use statistical tools to interpret data sets, paying particular attention to trends and patterns that could be valuable for decision making. 
  • Preparing reports for executive leadership that effectively communicate trends, patterns, and predictions using relevant data.
  • Liaise with programmers and organizational leaders to identify opportunities for process improvements and system modifications

There are several types of data analytics with distinct attribute include of a business or organization.

Descriptive Analytics

Analyses records such as monthly revenue, quarterly sales and website traffic to study and spot trend changes.

Diagnostic Analytics

Compares descriptive data sets to identify dependencies and patterns. This helps an organization determine the cause of a positive or negative outcome.

Predictive Analytics

Determines expected outcomes by detecting tendencies in descriptive and diagnostic analytics. This enables an organization to take strategic action such as approaching customers who are unlikely to renew a contract.

Prescriptive Analytics

Prescriptive analytics uses complex algorithms and advanced technology such as machine learning to address potential problems or keep updated on industry trends.

What are the Differences Between Data Science & Data Analytics?

Data science and data analytics may overlap in terms of job roles, the significant differences between them is the job scope. Data science is more of a broader study in mining large datasets, meanwhile, data analytics focus more on a specific version to extract actionable insights that can be executed immediately based on existing data. The following table shows the key differences between data science and data analytics.

Careers

Data Science

Data Analytics

Scope of Data

Broader study in extracting information from large datasets

Specific and more concentrated on a particular dataset

Data Structure

Unstructured 

Structured

Objective

Find the right questions to solve potential problems

Find actionable data to solve existing problems

Fields of Study

  • Search engine 
  • Machine learning
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Programming 
  • Data visualisation
  • Designing principles
  • Statistical analysis
  • Data modelling

Core Skills & Tools

  • Hadoop
  • Apache Spark
  • Java
  • Power BI
  • Tableau
  • SAS

Academic Requirements to Study Data Science & Data Analytics in Australia

STPM

CGPA of 3.30 or minimum grade B in 3 best subjects

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

The average score of A2

ATAR

A minimum score of 76 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 25 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements to Study Data Science & Data Analytics in Australia

IELTS

Overall score of 6.5 with 6 points in each sub-bands. 

TOEFL

Overall score of 79: Listening:16, Reading:16, Speaking:18 and Writing: 21

PTE

Overall score of 58 with 50 points in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Data Science & Data Analytics Degree in Australia

#1 The University of Melbourne

The major is designed to give students an intellectual understanding of integrating and applying statistical and computing principles to solve large-scale, real-world data science problems. It is suitable for students interested in a career in government or industry or who wish to pursue specialised graduate study.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Data Science)

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $ 45,944

 

#2 University of Adelaide

This degree will equip students with opportunities for improvement and growth, where they could work in government, consultancies or large corporations, at home or abroad. Students are also able to apply their knowledge to drive decision-making in a venture of their own.

Program

Bachelor of Applied Data Analytics

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,500

#3 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

This program equips students to practice as data science and analytics professionals, developing information technology skills, expertise in statistics and mathematics, and familiarity with key business and policy development areas.

Program

Bachelor of Science in Analytics

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $38,736

#4 RMIT University

Students will build a practical understanding of recent developments in computer science, information technology and statistics, as well as apply mathematical and statistical knowledge to new and ongoing problems.

Program

Bachelor of Data Science

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,560

#5 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

This degree entails the theory and practices for data acquisition, storage, management, processing, analysis and visualisation.  This program is well crafted by QUT to focus more on enhancing students’ mathematical skills and coding languages.

Program

Bachelor of Data Science

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,200

#6 University of South Australia (UNISA)

Combining both data analytics and information technology, Students will learn to analyse and visualise big data sources and data trends as well as to generate data management strategies such as cost reductions, effective decision-making processes and the development of new products and services.

Program 

Bachelor of Information Technology and Data Analytics

Intake (2021)

January, April, June & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $23,000 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..


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5 Ways Studying Abroad Helps You Grow As A Person

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The benefits of studying abroad are plenty. If you know someone who has studied abroad, chances are they never stop talking about how amazing it was and how it changed their life. Some of it may sound cliché, but it’s true. Studying abroad has loads of benefits like getting to travel, getting access to a higher quality of education than you might’ve gotten at home, impressing your future employers- you’ve heard it all before.

For some international students, the three or four years they spend abroad makes them realise just how much they love it back home, and they go back with a much greater appreciation for how things are back home. Some of them instantly know that they want to live and work abroad after their studies. Others discover their love for travel and exploration, but don’t necessarily want a permanent foreign address. 

Studying abroad is a semi-permanent way of testing the waters to see whether a life abroad is the right fit for you. Everyone’s experience is different. You never know how it will affect you until you try it out yourself. Whatever you decide, whatever works for you, by the time you’re done with your studies abroad, you will have gained new skills, enlightened perspectives and a new found lucidity for your future. 

Here are 5 ways studying abroad can change you and help you grow as a person:

1. Ability to Expand Your Worldview

A person’s worldview- their beliefs, their values, their attitudes, the way they approach the world both ground and influence their decisions, their thoughts and their actions. Being in the same place for your whole life and being around the same circle of friends you’ve had since kindergarten limits and biases your worldview. 

Studying abroad gives you the chance to learn from people who were raised with different cultures, values and beliefs than you, and ultimately have different worldviews. It allows you the chance to look at the world through a different lense that simply visiting a place for a week or two cannot. You will begin to realise that things can just be different- it doesn’t have to be better or worse. Just different. 

You will see that the formula for success that you have been fed as a child isn’t the one and only way to go. In the end, you are able to realise what matters to you, and what works for you. Some of your values may change, while the others become stronger than ever. With this new found outlook on life, you are able to re-evaluate your sense of identity and keep your life goals in check.

Read more: Why Australia is the best place to study abroad?

2. Better Cross-Cultural Awareness & Sensitivity

Studying abroad lets you immerse yourself in a community of people of diverse backgrounds. You will be exposed to a myriad of new things, new holidays, new customs, new religions, new types of food, new approaches to life, new philosophies. This level of exposure forces you to see variety and different perspectives in a more personal and upclose manner.

You become more tolerant of people generally, you learn to understand, respect and accommodate to people’s individualistic differences, learn to see where they are coming from. Developing a sense of how people from other cultures think and feel, you become more compassionate and empathetic. 

It’s completely normal to feel a certain level of cultural shock when you initially move to a new country. But this again gives you the opportunity to identify cultural biases you didn’t even realise you had, and free yourself from prejudices. You become aware of issues you may have never considered giving a second thought to. Global issues and events in the world that once seemed so distant, now feels so personal. In the end, you become a better communicator and a more well-rounded person.

Read more: Study Abroad After SPM

3. Greater Flexibility & Adaptability:

During your first few weeks living abroad, you may be the only person you can rely on. The sense of familiarity, control and order that you were used to back home is gone. Everything is coming at you, full speed, and you will find yourself needing to adapt, and fast. Navigating the public transportation system, managing your own finances, making your own doctors appointments, making new friends, learning to order food in a new language, meeting deadlines, all of this can be overwhelming. 

But at the end of the day, you are a better person for it. You realise that you are more resilient, more confident, and independent than you ever thought you could be. You are left with a greater feeling of maturity and a sense of self, and just generally more capable of taking on challenges in the future. 

Through interactions with people of different backgrounds and cultures, you will learn to be more accommodating towards people’s differences. You will learn to re-evaluate things in a more holistic approach, to think deeper, and from other people’s perspectives before you react to a situation. In general, the way you approach things and the way you see things will change, and you will learn to adjust your expectations, from people, from the world and from yourself.

Read more: Top Reasons Why You Should Study in Sydney, Australia

 

4. Greater Appreciation for Your Own Culture

As much as studying abroad is an opportunity for you to delve into other cultures and understand it better, it’s also an opportunity for your colleagues abroad to get to know you and your culture better.

This will get you pondering about how your culture is perceived by others. The parts of your culture that you’re most proud of that you want to introduce your friends and share with them. Even the most ordinary things about your country and how you lived, things you never gave a second thought about might be so fascinating for your friends abroad.

Life abroad is also often a crash course on everything you took for granted back home, the smallest everyday things like getting lost on your way home will make you realise how easy things were back home. Ultimately, all of this will make you appreciate where you come from a little bit more. 

Read more: How to Further Study in Australia After SPM? 

 

5. Self-Discovery

The process of figuring out life abroad is a journey filled with self-discovery. You are free from your everyday responsibilities, distractions and expectations from back home. No one knows your name, no one expects you to live up to a certain standard- you are free from your cultural and familial expectations and norms. You are free to be your own person and discover yourself.

If you decide to take each day as an opportunity to be proactive, you may find yourself doing things you would have never in a million years thought about doing back home or on your own time. You’ll learn to find beauty in change and embrace them instead of shying away from them.

A lot of young adults’ hobbies and interests are based on what their friend groups are interested in- often times it is a compromise of what works for everyone. But now, you are free to pursue what interests you. You may be surprised to know that some of your interests have changed, or to discover an interest in something you never thought about before. 

Taking bits and pieces of the behaviours and philosophies from the people around you who are of different cultural backgrounds and upbringings can help solidify you as a person. You may find that these people are doing certain things better than how it’s being done back home, and adapting these perspectives to your own life lays the foundation for you to build your life goals and expectations around it, and achieve your full potential. 

Read more: Top 5 Colleges in Australia, Pathway to Your Dream University

If you’re interested in studying abroad, particularly in Australia, do not hesitate to contact us! We will be more than happy to guide you towards the right course and your dream university.

 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Rifqa Abdulla

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Everything You Need to Know About Studying Aviation in Australia

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What is Aviation?

At one point or another, you must’ve wondered what it would feel like to have a career that requires you to fly high in the skies. In layman’s terms, Aviation is the study of the science behind designing and flying aircraft.

10 Different Fields of Aviation

Despite common misconceptions, a career in Aviation does not necessarily mean you will become a pilot. Here are all 10 different fields of Aviation you could potentially dive into explained : 

#1. Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering deals with all aspects of designing and building machines that operate in the air. These engineers also work to test different prototypes to make sure that they function accordingly. Aerospace engineers design individual components for the aircraft such as the engineers, airframes, wings, landing gear, control systems and instruments. They also test the strength, reliability and durability of these components or as a whole aircraft. 

#2. Air Traffic Control

Air traffic control is a service provided in ensuring the safety of aircraft, pilots, flight attendants and passengers. Air traffic controllers are usually ground-based and communicate with pilots throughout the entire flight, providing information back and forth between incoming and outgoing flights to ensure the safe flow of all flights in the sky and avoiding any sort of collision.

#3. Aircraft Maintenance

Aircraft maintenance is the task required in maintaining the quality of the aircraft which includes ensuring the airworthiness of the aircraft by overhauling, inspection, replacement, defect rectification and the embodiments of modifications. Regular maintenance of the aircraft will extend the aircraft life to ensure that the aircraft will perform safely for an extended period of time. 

#4. Aviation Management

Aviation management is the operation of airlines, airports, aircraft manufacturers and any business related to the aerospace industry. Activities such as planning, designing, operating and maintaining aircraft and airports will be conducted. You will be provided with a deep understanding of both the land-side and air-side daily operations of running an aviation business.

#5. Aviation Safety

Aviation safety refers to the tasks of ensuring aeroplanes are free from any form of injury or loss. This industry is in direct support of the operation of aircraft, which are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level. Careers in aviation safety include aviation safety inspectors and aviation safety technicians.

#6. Cabin Crew

Cabin crew are responsible for the comfort, safety and welfare of passengers travelling on aircraft during short-haul and long-haul flights. Their roles and responsibilities include the participation in preflight briefings with pilots, conduction of preflight inspections of emergency equipment, demonstrating the use of safety and emergency equipment, ensuring passengers have met safety requirements; serving and selling food and drink; attending to passengers’ needs; reassuring passengers during the flight; administering and coordinating emergency medical care as necessary; and providing directions to passengers, including evacuation orders. 

#7. Civil & Military Aviation

Civil aviation includes all non-military aviation, including private and commercial flying. Passenger, cargo, private and commercial flights fall under civil aviation. However, military aviation is the complete opposition and referees to the use of military aircraft and other flying machines to conduct aerial warfare.

#8. Pilot Training

Pilots fly and navigate aeroplanes, helicopters and other aircraft. Besides the typical becoming an aircraft pilot, you can also consider becoming a helicopter pilot. With this, you can work and be employed by a variety of employers such as the government, tourism companies, offshore support or even under emergency medical services. 

#9. Flight Instruction

Flight instructors for aviation resemble teachers for schools. Flight instructors teach aspiring pilots how to fly using a combination of classroom simulators, and live flight instructions. These real-life simulations aid students in gaining the skills and knowledge needed with the feeling of flying a real plane without actually flying a real plane. 

#10. Aviation Transport

Aviation transportation is otherwise known as aviation logistics, this field is an incredibly crucial part of the global economy. They facilitate integration into the global economy and provide vital connectivity. It helps to generate trade, promotes tourism and creates employment opportunities.

Before considering picking a specific niche field to study, it is important for you to look into the academic and professional requirements needed in order to pursue the career after taking your degree.

General Entry Requirements to Study Aviation in Australia

English Requirement 

Qualification 

Scores

IELTS

Min 6.0

TOEFL (IBT)

Min. 70

Pearson Test of English (PTE)

Min. 52

*Do note that different universities have different English requirements.

For further information, contact us

Academic Requirement

Qualification                                                                                                                                           

Scores       

Year 12 Equivalent (A-Levels, Matriculation, AUSMAT, UEC & IB)

Contact Excel Education 

Top 5 Universities to Study Aviation in Australia

#1. University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Photo Credit: University of New South Wales (UNSW)

Program Offered                                                

Bachelor of Aviation (Flying)             

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Introduction to Aircraft Engineering 
  2. Energy and Environmental Physics 
  3. Commercial Aerodynamics 
  4. Aviation Safety and Resource Management 
  5. Simulation Application and Air Traffic Management 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$47,760

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation (Management)

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Microeconomics
  2. Airport Management 
  3. Sustainable Aviation and Tourism 
  4. Airline Marketing Strategies 
  5. Aviation Law and Regulations

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January, April and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$47,760

#2. Griffith University

Photo Credit: Griffith University

Program Offered                                     

Bachelor of Aviation 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Aviation Law 
  2. Safety Management 
  3. Contemporary Aviation Management 
  4. Economics in Aviation 
  5. Safety Management

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and April

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$34,000

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation Management 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Business Decision Making 
  2. Aviation Research Methods 
  3. Economics in AViation 
  4. Light Aircraft Systems 
  5. Flight Procedures 

Program Duration 

2-3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and April

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$34,000

#3. Edith Cowan University

Photo Credit: Edith Cowan University

 

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Fundamentals of Flight 
  2. Human Factors in Aviation 
  3. Aircraft Performance 
  4. Advanced Aerodynamics 
  5. Principle of Industrial Maintenance 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

January and April

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$32,000

#4. University of South Australia (UniSA)

Photo Credit: University of South Australia

Program Offered                              

Bachelor of Aviation (Pilot)

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Aviation Physics
  2. Aviation Practice 
  3. Introduction to Aviation Management 
  4. Airline Transport Pilot Theory 
  5. Commercial Pilot Theory

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

February and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$35,900

Program Offered 

Bachelor of Aviation (Management) 

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Airport Management 
  2. Aviation Law 
  3. Principles of Economics 
  4. Human Factors 
  5. Airline Operations Management 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

February and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$35,900

#5. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University (RMIT)

Photo Credit: RMIT University

 

Program Offered                                        

Bachelor of Applied Science (Aviation)

Examples of subjects offered

  1. Aviation Mathematics 
  2. Human Factors in Aviation 
  3. Sustainable Aviation and the Environment 
  4. Airport Design 
  5. Aircraft Airworthiness 

Program Duration 

3 years (Full-time)

Intake 

February and July 

Indicative Annual Fee (2021)

A$39,360

Recommended Articles to Read

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Raveena Rakni Suresh Raj 
Leo baby & a psych major
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Study Chiropractic in Australia

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What is Chiropractic?

Chiropractors use non-invasive, hands-on, patient-centric manipulation techniques to align the body’s musculoskeletal structure, including joints, muscles and ligaments, the nervous system and most importantly, the spine. It is an alternative treatment to surgery or medication which relieves pain and enables the body to heal itself. 

Chiropractors help people move differently as they assess, treat and prevent pain and disability of the spine and the musculoskeletal system. The majority of the people seeking treatment are looking to relieve back pain, caused by accidents, strains or sports injuries, among other things. Chiropractors also help with complaints of pain in the neck, arms, legs, shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, knees, ankles and even headaches.

Job Scope of a Chiropractor

  • Conduct physical examinations on patients
  • Assess and diagnose pain and disability of the spine and the musculoskeletal system
  • Interpret diagnostic images like X-rays and MRIs
  • Manipulate and adjust joints/ soft tissues
  • Provide physical therapy and rehabilitation
  • Give advice on prevention of injuries and general health matters such as exercise, posture and nutrition

Types of Chiropractic Techniques

1. Spinal Manipulation/ Mobilization

A form of manual therapy based on gentle thrusting motions and stretching, used by both chiropractors and physical therapists to restore and improve function in the spinal column and relieve pressure on joints and other extremities.

2. Gonstead Chiropractic Technique

The chiropractor manipulates the lower back and pelvis of the patient while they are lying on their side. When administered, the Gonstead Adjustment can help restore normal disc alignment and maximum mobility.

3. Activator

Chiropractors use a specific activator adjusting instrument to alleviate back pain, neck pain, and pain in the extremities through short, low-force pulses to extremities of the spine.

4. The Thompson Drop Chiropractic Technique

This technique utilizes a specially designed table that can be dropped down by tiny increments, as the practitioner applies quick thrusts, resembling a light vibration to complete the adjustment.

5. Extremity Manipulation

This technique requires physical manipulation of the joints outside of the spine, such as the shoulder, hip, or knee, to be aligned right in order to promote healthy mobility with less stress on the spine.

6. Flexion-Distraction

This technique also requires a unique table that lets the chiropractor manipulate the position of the patient’s spine to remove pressure from the spinal disks and spinal nerves, reducing lower back pains and discomfort.

Career Opportunities in the field of Chiropractics

  • Registered Chiropractor Practitioner in Private Practice (as a solo practitioner or as a member of a group practice)
  • Sports Team Chiropractor
  • On-Site Corporate Chiropractor for organisations
  • Chiropractic Researcher (in a University or in the Private Sector)
  • Chiropractic Educator (Academic work in the Tertiary Education Sector)
  • Consult government and non-governmental organisations (NGOs)’s health policy panels and regulatory bodies

How to Become a Chiropractor in Australia?

To be a registered Chiropractor in Australia, students need to complete five years of education- a 3-year undergraduate program followed by a 2-year Master/ postgraduate program from an institution that meets the requirements set by the Australian Chiropractic Regulating authority. 

Upon completion of the Master’s program, students will be eligible to apply for registration at the Australian Health Practioner Registration Agency (AHPRA), before they are allowed to practice as a Chiropractor. 

After entering practice, chiropractors are still required to take on professional development courses and seminars to upskill themselves and to stay ahead of the newest research and technology. 

Entry Requirements to Study Chiropractic in Australia

 

GCE A-Levels or Equivalent

A minimum score of 8 points (CCD) (Recommended to have studied Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics or Equivalent)

International Baccalaureate Diploma Program

A minimum score of 27 points

ATAR

Achieve a Competitive Selection Rank (60-90)

UEC

Minimum Average GPA of 2.50 (B3 average)

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements to Study Chiropractic in Australia

IELTS

A minimum overall of 6.5 and 6.0 in all sub-bands

TOEFL – IBT

A minimum overall score of 85; Minimum 17 in Reading, Listening and Speaking and 19 in Writing

Pearson Test of English (PTE)

A minimum overall score of 58 and 50 in all sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Recommended Universities to Study Undergraduate Chiropractic Programmes in Australia

1. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University

Image Credit: RMIT University

Program

Bachelor of Health Science/ Bachelor of Applied Science (Chiropractic)

Intake

February 

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Fees

Excel Education

2. Murdoch University

Image Credit: Murdoch University

Program

Bachelor of Science/ Bachelor of Clinical Chiropractic

Intake

February & June

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Fees

Excel Education

3. Macquarie University

Image Credit: Macquarie University

Program

Bachelor of Chiropractic Science

Intake

February

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Fees 

Excel Education

4. Central Queensland University (CQU)

Program

Bachelor of Science (Chiropractic)

Intake

February 2022

Duration

3 years (full time)

Indicative Fees 

Excel Education

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Rifqa Abdulla

angsty pisces

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Top 8 Degrees & Careers for Introverts

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There must be at least one friend among your peers that rarely attends any gatherings and even if they do they barely chip in a group conversation and would probably leave before the gathering ends. There might be one classmate of yours who often remains silent in a group discussion and usually spends time doing their own thing. This classmate or friend of yours is most likely known as an introvert. 

Introverts are the type of people who prefer solitude as their comfort zone to focus on their internal thoughts and ideas, rather than what’s happening around them. Most people perceive them as shy to interact with people. But in reality, introverts do enjoy being around people with whom they are closed with. They prefer engaging and deep conversation in smaller groups or with just one other person. Being in a large social gathering often drains introverts out as they would find themselves being distracted by having too many simulations. 

Common traits of introverts include;

  • They love spending time alone
  • They are self-aware
  • They have a creative mind
  • They are at their best when working alone
  • They take time to make decisions
  • They prefer a few friends over a group
  • They don’t stay too long at parties or they don’t even attend one
  • They don’t prefer to be the centre of attention

Types of Introverts

Video credit: Psych2Go

Introverts are classified into four types and each type has a distinct personality from one another.

Social Introverts

Social introverts are people who prefer social interaction in small groups or solitude over large gatherings and parties. They rather spend time alone doing something they love and socialize with a small group of friends if necessary. Unlike social anxiety, social introverts are not afraid of crowds or they don’t shy away from conversations. They just want things to be the way it is. 

Thinking Introverts

Unlike other introverts, thinking introverts don’t mind the presence of a large group of people, but they are considered unsocial because of their nature of getting lost in their own thoughts. This introvert is actually thoughtful and self-reflective. Thinking introverts reflect their feelings and thoughts in their imaginative world, which makes them pause to think of response during a conversation. This type of introvert is highly creative. 

Anxious Introverts

In contrast to social introverts, anxious introverts seek solitude because they are awkwardly shy to interact with other people. They are perceived as rude at times, but they are actually less confident in social interaction and they are being protective of themselves. However, being alone makes their thoughts go wild in overthinking of catastrophizing events, which makes them hard to step out of their comfort zone.

Restrained Introverts

Restrained introverts are very different compared to the other types of introverts. They wouldn’t mind large crowds and don’t dwell in their complex inner world, but they are more of a “reserved” type of people. They usually take time to observe a person and would think through before they speak or act. This type of people lacks spontaneity where they usually don’t get along with last-minute plannings. They enjoy meeting new people but very selective in choosing who they want to trust. 

Struggles of Introverts at work

One of the hardest things about being an introvert is that they struggle in maintaining friendly conversations with colleagues and they rather choose solitary activities than attending office parties. Most people believe that introverted co-workers are not interested in getting to know someone, but the truth is they refuse to force themselves to have a meaningless conversation with others. They wouldn’t get along with people just for the sake of working in the same office, but rather approach those who actually ‘vibe’ them with meaningful conversations. 

Office meetings and presentations could be a pain for introverts as well. Meetings and presentations are attended by many people and introverts tend to struggle to deliver speeches in front of them. They can be very skilful and efficient in their tasks, but when they are placed under the spotlight, they would feel anxious and uncomfortable, which makes them struggle to find words to speak. 

Introverts don’t mind participating in team-oriented tasks if their job requires them to do so. However, they have a hard time in brainstorming sessions, where they are required to come up with ideas immediately. They find it difficult and uneasy to think of ideas out of thin air when they are surrounded by people. They need time and space for themselves where they feel more comfortable and productive to generate brilliant ideas that may blow other’s minds. 

Top 8 Degrees & Careers for Introverts

#1 Writer

Whether fiction or copywriting, this career is ideal for social, thinking and anxious introverts. Introverts who don’t involve in social interactions could let their writing do the talking. Writers require time and space to think and come up with creative ways to write which suits well with introverts’ personality. Furthermore, they could choose to be freelance writers as they are free to decide their own setting to go wild with their creativity. 

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Best Jobs for People Who Love Writing

Study Journalism in Australia

#2 Graphic Designer

Graphic designers tend to work alone or engage with small groups to create designs for businesses or companies that are suitable for introverts. A good design demands creativity in both colours and graphics which can be the strengths of thinking introverts who always dwell in their rich and complex inner world. Freelance graphic designers are also available for introverts to work in their comfort zone. Despite that, there are various courses related to art and design where they can apply their creativity.

Articles you might be interested in;

Top Degree Courses to study if you love Arts

#3 Accountant

Accounting allows working one-on-one with clients or with small teams to perform tasks other than dealing with large groups. Introverts can reduce social interaction with people and have their own space to work productively. Those who love working with numbers need to complete a degree in accounting to pursue this career. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Accounting in Australia

#4 Software Developer

Software developers often work in creating codes and designing software to run systems. Thus, developers spend most of their time working alone and work in teams once in a while. Introverts with a passion for computers and systems may find this career suitable as they can work in their own comfort zone with minimal interaction with other teams. To be a software developer, a degree in software engineering is the right course for them. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Software Engineering in Australia

#5 Actuary

An actuary does not necessarily need to be an outgoing personality. The job involves mathematics and statistics to evaluate risks and opportunity. This will suit well for introverts as they most likely will be engaged in front of their computer with minimal interaction with others. To be an actuary, students will need to attain a degree in Actuarial Science.

Articles you might be interested in;

Top Universities to study Actuarial Science in Australia 2021

#6 Veterinarian

A veterinarian career is great for introverts who avert social interaction with people. Working with animals can be meaningful and it requires a lot of interaction with animals, where verbal communication is a bare minimum. Veterinarian jobs entail animal care such as pet grooming, pet sitting and working in an animal shelter. A degree in veterinary science is important to place a job in this field. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Becoming a Veterinarian in Australia

#7 Counselor/ Clinical Psychologist

A counselor or psychologist must be able to listen closely and understand their client’s problems and empathize with their situation. This job is best suited for thinking introverts as they are able to listen closely to a conversation and tend to view their thoughts in their shoes. Thinking introverts can use their deep thinking skills to come up with the best ways of treating their clients. Those who have a caring personality may pursue a degree in psychology as the first step into their career.

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Psychology in Australia

#8 Plant Breeder/Geneticist

Plant geneticists conduct research to study and improve or create varieties of plants or crops. The job requires the ability to work independent and strong research skills. Introverts may find this type of jobs as their cup of tea as they can work efficiently when they are allowed to work in their comfort zone. Thus, a degree in agricultural science could be the right course for them for a career as a plant geneticist. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Agricultural Science Degree in Australia

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Student enquiries:

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Mechanical or Mechatronic? Which Degree to Study?

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Are you the kind of person who’s constantly curious about how things work, from smart machines to air crafts that float 30,000ft above the ground? Have you ever wanted to invent devices or equipment that could serve great benefits to society? Yes? Then a degree in Mechanical or Mechatronics engineering is perfect as your starting point. 

This article will help students to distinguish between Mechanical and Mechatronics engineering to decide on which course suits their preference for their future careers. 

What is Mechanical Engineering

Video credit: Zach Star

Mechanical engineering is one of the most diverse engineering disciplines that study the principles of motion, energy and force to design and develop mechanical systems which fulfil the demands of society, such as vehicle engines, refrigerators, air conditioning systems and elevators.

They introduce innovative technologies in food production, develop 3D printers and even wireless chargers. They also create solutions in technological aspects of health care, transportation, energy and space crafts. 

Career Opportunity in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineer

Design, develop, construct, and testing mechanical and thermal sensors and appliances.

Automotive Engineer

Responsible for vehicle design, development, manufacture and testing.

CAD Technician

Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Technicians create electronic design plans for buildings and machinery using computer software.

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineer (HVAC)

HVAC engineers improve the available technologies in heating, ventilation, air conditioning or refrigeration systems. 

What is Mechatronics Engineering?

Video credit: Richard Engineer

Mechatronics Engineering covers both electrical and mechanical devices and can include the use of computer, Artificial Intelligence (AI), power, electronics and telecommunications systems. 

Examples of devices developed for mechatronics technologies include robotic systems, anti-lock braking systems for vehicles and prosthetic limbs. While these products are mechanical, computers and electrical control systems are required to operate.

Career Opportunities in Mechatronics Engineering

Robotic Engineer

Responsible in design and test machine prototype and conduct research in creating safe and cost-efficient manufacture of the robotic system

Automation Engineer 

Work with other teams in the automation industry to identify problems and implement automated solutions for software processes to be implemented in vehicles.

Instrumentation Engineer

Responsible for planning, implementing and maintaining control systems and machines in the manufacturing industry. 

Control System Engineer

Design, develop and implement solutions that stabilize dynamic systems such as anti-lock braking systems in cars. 

Differences between Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering

In simpler terms, mechanical engineering combines the fundamentals of other engineering disciplines such as chemical, civil and electrical engineering in designing and developing safe, efficient and reliable devices or systems. A mechanical engineer knows better than a mechatronics engineer in the mechanical aspect of machines or devices. 

Mechatronics engineering focuses on computing and electronics in developing innovative technologies or modifying existing ones. Students who enrol in this course will learn about robots, smart systems and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Entry Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

STPM

Minimum CGPA of 3.30 or grade of 3Bs and above

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

A minimum grade of 5Bs 

ATAR

A minimum score of 80 points or above

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 30 or above

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

IELTS

6.5 Overall and 6.0 in every sub-bands

TOEFL

79 overall with Listening: 16, Reading:16, Writing:21, Speaking:18

PTE

58 overall with 50 in every sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Mechanical and Mechatronics in Australia

#1 University of New-South Wales (UNSW)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronic)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUS $47,760

#2 University of Melbourne

Program

Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Systems

Bachelor of Science in Mechatronic Systems

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912-$45,944

#3 University of Sydney

Image credit: University of Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechatronic Engineering)

Intake (2021)

March & August

Duration

4 years full time

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $50,000

#4 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechanical Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechatronic Engineering

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $48,164

#5 University of Western Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Mechanical

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Robotics and Mechatronics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $33,000

#6 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronics)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,300

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Top Universities to Study Immunology in Australia

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The world is thrilled with the arrival of vaccines to protect us from the infection of Covid-19, but have you ever wondered who creates these vaccines and also all the other vaccines for various diseases? How are these vaccines created? How can you become a part of this innovation? 

If you have thought about these questions in your mind and are intrigued to be a part of this explorative field, then a degree in Immunology is the first step towards achieving your goals. This article will guide through the basic understanding of immunology and the top universities offering immunology degrees in Australia. 

What is Immunology?

Video credit: UAB

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science or science focused on the study of the complex immune system against health and disease. This field is essential to human health as it provides the reasoning of how vaccination protects humans from vicious diseases as well as plays a major role in treating diseases such as allergy, autoimmunity and cancer.

The immune system plays a vital role in protecting our body from pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. Any sort of distortion in the immune system could lead to diseases such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer. There are three types of immune systems, which are innate, adaptive and passive. 

Innate – Innate or natural immunity is the body’s forefront defence which we are born with. For instance, our skin acts as a barrier to avoid bacteria entering the body. The immune system detects foreign organisms and prevents them from harming our body.

Adaptive – Adaptive immunity is also known as acquired immunity that we develop throughout our lives. Adaptive immunity is developed when we are exposed to diseases or when we’re protected from them with vaccines.

Passive  – Passive immunity is provided from another source for a short period of time. For example, antibodies in a mother’s breast milk provide temporary immunity for infants to avoid the attack of diseases the mother has been exposed to.

What Does an Immunologist Do?

An immunologist basically deals with the problems related to the immune system such as allergies, asthma and autoimmune diseases. Immunologists study and analyse the functions of the immune system, environmental factors affecting its function, how immune system disorders occur, and how such diseases can be treated. Immunologists may work either in the laboratory, conducting research or directly work with patients in the healthcare field. 

Responsibilities of immunologists in the laboratory include;

  • Designing, planning and conducting experiments.
  • Develop and test hypotheses using proper analytical techniques.
  • Analysing and interpreting data.
  • Writing lab reports and reviews.
  • Ensure sufficient laboratory purchasing and inventory maintenance.
  • Create proposals for further development tests.
  • Keep track of the current research within the field.

Responsibilities of patient-based immunologists include;

  • Diagnosing and treating patients with immune disorders or allergies.
  • Consulting on medicines and treatments for patients with immunological conditions.
  • Work alongside medical professionals to discuss patient tests and treatment plans.
  • Recommend additional tests to help with the diagnostic process.
  • Educating medical staff about tests and treatments regarding immunology.

Core Subjects Taught in Immunology Degree

The study of immunology entails an in-depth understanding of the components, principles and mechanisms of a healthy immune system, and how they coordinate to mount safe and appropriate protection against infections. Core subjects offered in immunology degree includes as follows;

  • Biology
  • Principles of immunology
  • Molecular and cellular immunology
  • Medical & applied immunology
  • Microbiology: Bacteriology
  • Mechanisms of Infectious Diseases

Career Opportunities with Immunology Degree

Immunology degree graduates may find jobs in several including health services, pharmaceutical, environmental and so forth. The job roles may vary depending on the industry they work for.

Health care

Clinical immunologists are responsible for treating patients with immune system disorders and developing new test methods. They work on research and innovation to ensure patients receive the best healthcare services. 

Pharmaceutical

Immunologists in the pharmaceutical line work in developing or modifying medical products and treatment methods. Furthermore, they are responsible for prescribing appropriate drugs and therapies to patients with autoimmune disease. 

Environmental

Environmental immunologists focus on the immune systems of wildlife, where they carry out experiments to analyse immune responses affecting environmental pollutants and the molecular mechanisms behind these effects. 

Veterinary Science

Immunologists in animal health care typically conduct researches in preventing animals from disease and come up with treatments for those animals affected by various infections and immunological disorders. 

Academic Entry Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including English Mathematics and one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics)

A-Levels

Grade range from CCC to AAA

UEC

A minimum score of B4 in 5 best subjects

ATAR

A minimum score of 75 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 27 points 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

IELTS

Overall 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-band

TOEFL

An overall score of 79 points with speaking:18, writing: 21, listening: 12, reading: 12

PTE

Overall 58 points with 50 in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Immunology Degree in Australia

#1 University of Melbourne

Ranked #1 life science and medicine course in Australia and 22nd in the world for QS subject ranking, the University of Melbourne allows students to study the development and clinical use of new immune-based treatments for cancer and infectious diseases, allergies, autoimmune diseases and the prevention of transplantation dysfunctions.

Program

  • Bachelor of Science 
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine

Major

Immunology

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $45,944

#2 Monash University

Image credit: Monash University

Monash University ranks #2 in life science and medicine course in QS World Rankings. The program equips students with an in-depth understanding of the physical, cellular and molecular processes associated with the development of pathologies through both theory and practical-based work. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $43,500

#3 University of New South Wales (UNSW)

UNSW believes that a detailed study of immunology, pathology and microbiology will prepare students to approach cutting edge research in the field as well as for the diagnosis and management of common immune-related clinical scenarios that students may well encounter in their careers.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $47,850

#4 University of Western Australia (UWA)

Studying at UWA grants students a thorough understanding of the functions, importance and impact of microbes. Students will also develop the fundamental techniques of cell and molecular biologies such as culturing techniques for the isolation and characterisation of bacteria, the use of microscopy for the identification of microbes, and data recording. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology & Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $40,100

#5 James Cook University (JCU)

Image credit: James Cook University

Students will develop the skills and knowledge in the study of epidemiology, molecular genetics, cell biology, and advanced immunobiology. Students will also study the theories of infectious diseases and tropical microbes. The combined study of microbiology and immunology allows graduates the option to apply for membership in the Australian Society of Microbiology.

Program

Bachelor of Biomedical Sciences (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February 

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,480

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Nutrition and Dietetics Degree in Australia

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What are the Differences Between a Nutritionist and a Dietician?

It is common for people to mistakenly think that dieticians and nutritionists are the same. They are undoubtedly related to one another in terms of promoting healthy well-being to the public, but they are different especially in terms of professional credentials and the types of clients they work with.

Nutritionists promote healthy eating habits and a balanced lifestyle to improve the health of clients. They don’t consult clients with an illness. Instead, they advise people on ways to improve their health by eating the right food. The term “Nutritionist” is not regulated by the law, meaning that graduates can directly become a nutritionist without a professional license. 

On the other hand, dieticians are certified healthcare specialists, using their advanced knowledge of science in nutrition to offer expert advice on eating habits to people with serious health issues such as obesity, diabetes and eating disorders. Unlike nutritionists, dieticians are required to obtain a professional certificate or license to proclaim themselves as dieticians. 

Importance of Nutrition and Dietetics

More and more people are working in an office setting, where they spend long hours sitting without having much time to move around after mealtime or after work, which could affect their health in terms of the digestive system and increase the risk of heart diseases. Other than that, people consume high levels of sugar, fats, and salts, which could lead to severe health-related diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Thus, nutrition and dietetics play a vital role to educate people to eat right, stay physically active, and live healthy lives by making the right food choices. 

Nutrition and dietetics help the healthy development of children and young adolescents. Children and young adolescents who have a well-balanced diet will increase their learning potential. Nutritious food will body and mind as well as improve concentration level in classes. On the contrary, the lack of sufficient nutrients in daily meals will deliberately affect mental health as they are more likely to be fatigued and stressed, which affects their focus on their studies.  

What do Nutritionists and Dieticians do?

The main responsibility of nutritionists and dieticians is to promote or advise the public about the significance of eating healthy food and maintaining a balanced diet. Their day-to-day responsibilities are as follow:

Roles and Responsibility of a Nutritionist and Dieticians 

  • Construct a diet and exercise plan for healthy clients to maintain their healthy lifestyle.
  • Plan menus for clients and advise them on the health effects of certain foods
  • Track the effectiveness of their menus and documents patients’ progress
  • Coordinate and lead group or individual cooking classes.
  • Keep themselves updated on the latest research in this field. 
  • Help patients with health-related problems make healthy food choices.
  • Design food-related policy developments.
  • Educate individuals, governments, education facilities, and industries on nutrition programs.
  • Advising catering services about specific dietary requirements. 
  • Conduct nutrition research.

How to Become a Nutritionist & Dieticians in Australia?

Students who prefer to become a nutritionist or dietician are required to complete a bachelor’s degree in Nutrition and Dietetics. The course typically takes three or four years to complete. The degree course equips students with knowledge in the science of nutrients and their daily life effects.

Upon graduation, students can pursue their career as nutritionist or dietician. Graduates who prefer to become a nutritionist may apply for membership with the Nutrition Society of Australia. Applications are considered by the NSA Council from individuals with a suitable qualification in Nutrition & Dietetics. On the other hand, those who are interested in dietetics are eligible to join Dietitians Australia (DA) and the Accredited Practising Dietitian (APD) program to become a licensed dietician.

Career Opportunities with a Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

Graduates with a degree in nutrition and dietetics may pursue their career in various industries, including as follows:

Public Health

Focus on improving the public’s lifestyle by educating on healthy eating habits. They may work with families, children, the elderly and pregnant women.

Food Service

Responsible for supervising everything related to food, from purchasing and preparation to staff safety practice.

Sports & Fitness

Nutritionist/dietician assesses and consults athletes or sportsmen about the nutritional needs for them to stay fit and healthy. 

Clinical

Liaise with doctors and therapists to accelerate patients’ recoveries by educating patients about nutrition and handle nutrition therapy.

Private Practice – Consulting

Dietitian Nutritionists either work under contract to serve healthcare companies or food companies or work as self-employed nutritionists. They usually conduct nutrition assessments and screening of their clients and advise them on maintaining a balanced diet.

Academic Entry Requirement of Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including chemistry and mathematics)

A-Levels

Grade range from BBB to AAA

UEC

Average of B5 from 5 academic subjects.

ATAR

An average score of 95

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 35 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement of Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

IELTS

An overall score of 6.5 with a minimum of 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

An overall score of 80 with Listening:18, Reading:18, Speaking: 18 and Writing:18

PTE

An overall score of 65 with 58 in each sub-bands. 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Nutrition and Dietetics Degree in Australia

#1 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

QUT helps students gain hands-on experience providing nutrition assessments and dietary advice to real clients in QUT Health Clinics, including providing advice for managing chronic disease, before and after surgery, eating disorders and allergies.

Program

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#2 Griffith University

Image credit: Griffith University

Griffith University offers students learning through extensive hands-on experience in state-of-the-art facilities, including a purpose-built teaching kitchen and a nutrition clinic in the new Griffith Health Centre.

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#3 University of Newcastle (UON)

Accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA)The University of Newcastle’s Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics combines theoretical and scientific knowledge with practical learning to ensure students are well-prepared for a career in nutrition and dietetics. 

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#4 Deakin University

Image credit: Deakin University

The Bachelor of Nutrition Science (Dietetics Pathway) is designed for students who wish to pursue a career as a dietitian, with a guaranteed pathway to Deakin’s Master of Dietetics. Students are required to complete the necessary units and meet the weighted average mark (WAM) requirement to pursue higher studies.

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition Science (Dietetics Pathway)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time) 

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#5 Flinders University

Image credit: Flinders University

Accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia, Flinders’ research in nutrition and dietetics ranked well above the world standard in the Australian Government’s latest Excellence in Research Australia rankings (2015).

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics

Intake (2021)

March

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Automotive Courses and Degrees in Australia

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What is Automotive?

The automotive industry entails a wide range of companies or organizations in activities involving the manufacture, design, development and marketing of automobiles, including cars, buses, vans, trucks and motorcycles. Over the years, technological advancement aided the automotive industry to evolve considerably in producing vehicles with advanced features and safety technologies. Automobiles are now safer and comfortable on the road with technologies such as autonomous driving, parking assist, anti-roll bars and 360-degree cameras. Graduates pursuing their career in this industry will need to be updated to the latest technologies due to the industry’s rapid growth in tech. 

Video credit: Tafe SA

Career Options in the Automotive Industry in Australia

Automotive engineers collaborate with other engineers in developing and implementing new technologies in a vehicle to enhance customers’ driving experience. They also design and test every component in a vehicle such as brake systems, security features and fuel technologies before sending out to dealerships. 

General responsibilities include:

  • Develop design specifications.
  • Research and production of new vehicles or systems.
  • Utilize computerized models to determine vehicle performance.
  • Inspect product failures.
  • Prepare budgets for current or new vehicle development. 
  • Create prototypes for new vehicle products.

Career opportunities with a degree in automotive include:

Automotive Technician

Automotive technicians assist automotive engineers by testing vehicle subsystems, inspecting automobiles and designing prototypes. They also test automobile parts and collect data for modifications.

Automotive Design Engineer

These professionals work on designing and improving the functional parts and components of an automobile. It is important to have deep knowledge of the aesthetic qualities as well as materials used to design the vehicles in order to increase the efficiency of the vehicles.

Automobile Designer

Automobile designers are responsible for creating and designing new vehicles. They come up with the ideas and researches to produce new automobiles with the latest technologies and safety systems that enhance consumers’ driving experience.

Automotive Courses in Australia

Students require a bachelor’s degree in engineering to be an automotive engineer. Students usually may directly enroll in the programme upon completing their pre-university studies. However, there are alternate ways for students with insufficient credits to pursue their studies in this field. 

There are two study routes to become an automotive engineer.

  • Bachelor Degree
  • Cert III + IV + Diploma 

Route 1: Automotive Degree in Australia

A bachelor degree typically takes three or four years of studies to complete. This degree will provide a core understanding of the design and development process of complex automotive technology and systems that underpin the automobile industry. Students will also gain hands-on experience by enrolling in work placements in the final year. 

Academic Requirement for Automotive Degree in Australia

STPM

Min. average CGPA of 2.33

A-Levels

Min. grade of CCC

UEC

Min. grade of B4

ATAR

Min. score of 80 points or higher

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Min. score of 25 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements for Automotive Degree in Australia

IELTS

An overall score of 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

An overall score of 79: Reading:13, Listening:12, Speaking:18 and Writing:21

PTE

Min. score of 58 with 50 in each sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Automotive Degree in Australia

RMIT University

Image credit: RMIT University

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Automotive Engineering) (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,360

Edith Cowan University

Program

Bachelor of Technology (Motorsports)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $31,500

Route 2: Cert III + IV + Diploma of Automative

For students who don’t meet the direct entry requirement for a bachelor’s degree may enroll in an alternative entry pathway. Programs such as Certificate III & IV and diploma are available for them. These programs cover the knowledge necessary to perform advanced diagnostic repairs on light vehicles. Upon completing a diploma, students will be eligible to enter year 2 bachelor’s degree via credit transfer. 

Academic Entry Requirement for Automotive Courses in Australia

Cert III Level Automotive Courses

STPM/A-Levels

Minimum 2 passes in subjects

UEC

2Bs and 2Cs in five subjects

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Cert IV & Diploma in Automotive Courses

SPM

Minimum 2 passes 

IGCSE/ O-Level

Minimum 4 passes

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Automotive Courses in Australia

IELTS

An overall score of 5.5 with no band score less than 5.

English 1119

Grade ‘C6 (C)’ or a minimum B in Malaysian SPM English

PTE

Minimum Level 43

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Institutes to Study Automotive Cert III, IV & Diploma in Australia

TAFE South Australia (SA)

Image credit: TAFE South Australia

Program

Certificate III in 

Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology

Certificate IV in Automotive Mechanical Diagnosis

Diploma of Automotive Technology

Intake (2021)

January, April & July

January & July

January & July

Duration

52 weeks

26 weeks

26 weeks

Indicative Fees (2021)

AUD $16,500

AUD $8,750

AUD $8,700

TAFE Western Australia (WA)

Program

Certificate III in Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology

Certificate IV in Automotive Mechanical Diagnosis

Diploma of Automotive Technology

Intake (2021)

February

February & July

February & July

Duration

1 year

1 year

1 semester

Indicative Fees per semester (2021)

AUD $12,398  

AUD $10,460

AUD $10,156

Note: The programs listed are provided as a general guide only. Please contact Excel Education for further advice & assessment. 

Migration Opportunity for Automotive Graduates in Australia

Students may apply for a temporary graduate visa upon completing at least two years of study in Australia. The visa is valid from 18 months to 3 years, depending on the qualification and study location. There’s high demand in Australia for Automotive graduates, which means students will have a higher chance of getting permanent residency under a Skilled Nominated Visa in Australia. 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

Sharing is caring :)