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Data Science vs Data Analytics: Which Degree to Study?

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Data is a collection of information normally gathered through numbers or observations to be used for the analysis of trends, user behaviours or disease outbreaks. In a corporation or business, data is often gathered for marketing purposes, financial analysis or to make a better decision for the company. In today’s world, as long as you own a smartphone with different mobile applications, chances are your user experiences and activities are being tracked and stored as data. As the world moves towards digitalization, this data is growing exponentially with time and at a high increase rate, which results in what we referred to as ‘big data’ today. 

Thanks to big data, companies are able to connect with users by offering services or products based on their activity on the Internet such as personalized music, movies and shopping items. However, such massive data requires professionals to parse through them to get the right information. Thus, birthed data science and data analytics as a career that one could pursue as a professional. 

In this article, we will highlight the differences between data science and data analytics so that students would have a clear idea of pursuing their career based on their interest in the data world.

What is Data Science?

Data science is an integrative approach to extract key information and insights from large structured or unstructured data. Data science involves data mining, statistics, machine learning and programming to interpret data and present the outcomes or predictions for the decision-making process. The common tasks carried out by data scientists are as the following:

  • Collecting large sets of data from various sources.
  • Use a wide range of tools and techniques such as SQL, data mining and data integration methods to evaluate and prepare data.
  • Cleaning and validating the data for accuracy, completeness, and structure.
  • Devising and applying models and algorithms to extract insights from big data.
  • Analyzing the data to identify patterns and trends.
  • Interpreting the data to discover solutions and opportunities.
  • Presenting to stakeholders the possibilities of solving business problems with the results for decision making.

In today’s world, data science helps businesses and organizations to provide value to their consumers. Data enables businesses to provide various resources to solve major problems. Companies such as Netflix and YouTube extracts information from big data to deliver the right product to users. Algorithms help the company to create personalized recommendations for users based on their watched or browsed history. 

Data science also enables the game industry to keep gamers engaged with stunning graphics and motion. Data insights and creativity help developers to create an interactive and complex storyline for the games by gaining information of what the player wants and design new game concepts, scenario and mechanics. Game companies also apply machine learning algorithms to upgrade their user’s character as they move up to higher level. 

What is Data Analytics?

 

Data analytics is the process of analyzing existing datasets to draw conclusions for current problems for businesses. The main objective of data analytics is to maximize the efficiency and productivity of a business. Thus, a data analyst is responsible to analyze large sets of data to identify trends develop charts and presentations to help businesses make more strategic decisions.

The common roles of data analyst include:

  • Designing and maintaining data systems and databases, including removing corrupted data.
  • Mining data from primary and secondary sources, then reorganizing said data in a readable format.
  • Use statistical tools to interpret data sets, paying particular attention to trends and patterns that could be valuable for decision making. 
  • Preparing reports for executive leadership that effectively communicate trends, patterns, and predictions using relevant data.
  • Liaise with programmers and organizational leaders to identify opportunities for process improvements and system modifications

There are several types of data analytics with distinct attribute include of a business or organization.

Descriptive Analytics

Analyses records such as monthly revenue, quarterly sales and website traffic to study and spot trend changes.

Diagnostic Analytics

Compares descriptive data sets to identify dependencies and patterns. This helps an organization determine the cause of a positive or negative outcome.

Predictive Analytics

Determines expected outcomes by detecting tendencies in descriptive and diagnostic analytics. This enables an organization to take strategic action such as approaching customers who are unlikely to renew a contract.

Prescriptive Analytics

Prescriptive analytics uses complex algorithms and advanced technology such as machine learning to address potential problems or keep updated on industry trends.

What are the Differences Between Data Science & Data Analytics?

Data science and data analytics may overlap in terms of job roles, the significant differences between them is the job scope. Data science is more of a broader study in mining large datasets, meanwhile, data analytics focus more on a specific version to extract actionable insights that can be executed immediately based on existing data. The following table shows the key differences between data science and data analytics.

Careers

Data Science

Data Analytics

Scope of Data

Broader study in extracting information from large datasets

Specific and more concentrated on a particular dataset

Data Structure

Unstructured 

Structured

Objective

Find the right questions to solve potential problems

Find actionable data to solve existing problems

Fields of Study

  • Search engine 
  • Machine learning
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Programming 
  • Data visualisation
  • Designing principles
  • Statistical analysis
  • Data modelling

Core Skills & Tools

  • Hadoop
  • Apache Spark
  • Java
  • Power BI
  • Tableau
  • SAS

Academic Requirements to Study Data Science & Data Analytics in Australia

STPM

CGPA of 3.30 or minimum grade B in 3 best subjects

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

The average score of A2

ATAR

A minimum score of 76 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 25 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements to Study Data Science & Data Analytics in Australia

IELTS

Overall score of 6.5 with 6 points in each sub-bands. 

TOEFL

Overall score of 79: Listening:16, Reading:16, Speaking:18 and Writing: 21

PTE

Overall score of 58 with 50 points in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Data Science & Data Analytics Degree in Australia

#1 The University of Melbourne

The major is designed to give students an intellectual understanding of integrating and applying statistical and computing principles to solve large-scale, real-world data science problems. It is suitable for students interested in a career in government or industry or who wish to pursue specialised graduate study.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Data Science)

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $ 45,944

 

#2 University of Adelaide

This degree will equip students with opportunities for improvement and growth, where they could work in government, consultancies or large corporations, at home or abroad. Students are also able to apply their knowledge to drive decision-making in a venture of their own.

Program

Bachelor of Applied Data Analytics

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,500

#3 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

This program equips students to practice as data science and analytics professionals, developing information technology skills, expertise in statistics and mathematics, and familiarity with key business and policy development areas.

Program

Bachelor of Science in Analytics

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $38,736

#4 RMIT University

Students will build a practical understanding of recent developments in computer science, information technology and statistics, as well as apply mathematical and statistical knowledge to new and ongoing problems.

Program

Bachelor of Data Science

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,560

#5 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

This degree entails the theory and practices for data acquisition, storage, management, processing, analysis and visualisation.  This program is well crafted by QUT to focus more on enhancing students’ mathematical skills and coding languages.

Program

Bachelor of Data Science

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,200

#6 University of South Australia (UNISA)

Combining both data analytics and information technology, Students will learn to analyse and visualise big data sources and data trends as well as to generate data management strategies such as cost reductions, effective decision-making processes and the development of new products and services.

Program 

Bachelor of Information Technology and Data Analytics

Intake (2021)

January, April, June & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $23,000 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..


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Top 8 Degrees & Careers for Introverts

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There must be at least one friend among your peers that rarely attends any gatherings and even if they do they barely chip in a group conversation and would probably leave before the gathering ends. There might be one classmate of yours who often remains silent in a group discussion and usually spends time doing their own thing. This classmate or friend of yours is most likely known as an introvert. 

Introverts are the type of people who prefer solitude as their comfort zone to focus on their internal thoughts and ideas, rather than what’s happening around them. Most people perceive them as shy to interact with people. But in reality, introverts do enjoy being around people with whom they are closed with. They prefer engaging and deep conversation in smaller groups or with just one other person. Being in a large social gathering often drains introverts out as they would find themselves being distracted by having too many simulations. 

Common traits of introverts include;

  • They love spending time alone
  • They are self-aware
  • They have a creative mind
  • They are at their best when working alone
  • They take time to make decisions
  • They prefer a few friends over a group
  • They don’t stay too long at parties or they don’t even attend one
  • They don’t prefer to be the centre of attention

Types of Introverts

Video credit: Psych2Go

Introverts are classified into four types and each type has a distinct personality from one another.

Social Introverts

Social introverts are people who prefer social interaction in small groups or solitude over large gatherings and parties. They rather spend time alone doing something they love and socialize with a small group of friends if necessary. Unlike social anxiety, social introverts are not afraid of crowds or they don’t shy away from conversations. They just want things to be the way it is. 

Thinking Introverts

Unlike other introverts, thinking introverts don’t mind the presence of a large group of people, but they are considered unsocial because of their nature of getting lost in their own thoughts. This introvert is actually thoughtful and self-reflective. Thinking introverts reflect their feelings and thoughts in their imaginative world, which makes them pause to think of response during a conversation. This type of introvert is highly creative. 

Anxious Introverts

In contrast to social introverts, anxious introverts seek solitude because they are awkwardly shy to interact with other people. They are perceived as rude at times, but they are actually less confident in social interaction and they are being protective of themselves. However, being alone makes their thoughts go wild in overthinking of catastrophizing events, which makes them hard to step out of their comfort zone.

Restrained Introverts

Restrained introverts are very different compared to the other types of introverts. They wouldn’t mind large crowds and don’t dwell in their complex inner world, but they are more of a “reserved” type of people. They usually take time to observe a person and would think through before they speak or act. This type of people lacks spontaneity where they usually don’t get along with last-minute plannings. They enjoy meeting new people but very selective in choosing who they want to trust. 

Struggles of Introverts at work

One of the hardest things about being an introvert is that they struggle in maintaining friendly conversations with colleagues and they rather choose solitary activities than attending office parties. Most people believe that introverted co-workers are not interested in getting to know someone, but the truth is they refuse to force themselves to have a meaningless conversation with others. They wouldn’t get along with people just for the sake of working in the same office, but rather approach those who actually ‘vibe’ them with meaningful conversations. 

Office meetings and presentations could be a pain for introverts as well. Meetings and presentations are attended by many people and introverts tend to struggle to deliver speeches in front of them. They can be very skilful and efficient in their tasks, but when they are placed under the spotlight, they would feel anxious and uncomfortable, which makes them struggle to find words to speak. 

Introverts don’t mind participating in team-oriented tasks if their job requires them to do so. However, they have a hard time in brainstorming sessions, where they are required to come up with ideas immediately. They find it difficult and uneasy to think of ideas out of thin air when they are surrounded by people. They need time and space for themselves where they feel more comfortable and productive to generate brilliant ideas that may blow other’s minds. 

Top 8 Degrees & Careers for Introverts

#1 Writer

Whether fiction or copywriting, this career is ideal for social, thinking and anxious introverts. Introverts who don’t involve in social interactions could let their writing do the talking. Writers require time and space to think and come up with creative ways to write which suits well with introverts’ personality. Furthermore, they could choose to be freelance writers as they are free to decide their own setting to go wild with their creativity. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Best Jobs for People Who Love Writing

Study Journalism in Australia

#2 Graphic Designer

Graphic designers tend to work alone or engage with small groups to create designs for businesses or companies that are suitable for introverts. A good design demands creativity in both colours and graphics which can be the strengths of thinking introverts who always dwell in their rich and complex inner world. Freelance graphic designers are also available for introverts to work in their comfort zone. Despite that, there are various courses related to art and design where they can apply their creativity.

Articles you might be interested in;

Top Degree Courses to study if you love Arts

#3 Accountant

Accounting allows working one-on-one with clients or with small teams to perform tasks other than dealing with large groups. Introverts can reduce social interaction with people and have their own space to work productively. Those who love working with numbers need to complete a degree in accounting to pursue this career. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Accounting in Australia

#4 Software Developer

Software developers often work in creating codes and designing software to run systems. Thus, developers spend most of their time working alone and work in teams once in a while. Introverts with a passion for computers and systems may find this career suitable as they can work in their own comfort zone with minimal interaction with other teams. To be a software developer, a degree in software engineering is the right course for them. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Software Engineering in Australia

#5 Actuary

An actuary does not necessarily need to be an outgoing personality. The job involves mathematics and statistics to evaluate risks and opportunity. This will suit well for introverts as they most likely will be engaged in front of their computer with minimal interaction with others. To be an actuary, students will need to attain a degree in Actuarial Science.

Articles you might be interested in;

Top Universities to study Actuarial Science in Australia 2021

#6 Veterinarian

A veterinarian career is great for introverts who avert social interaction with people. Working with animals can be meaningful and it requires a lot of interaction with animals, where verbal communication is a bare minimum. Veterinarian jobs entail animal care such as pet grooming, pet sitting and working in an animal shelter. A degree in veterinary science is important to place a job in this field. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Becoming a Veterinarian in Australia

#7 Counselor/ Clinical Psychologist

A counselor or psychologist must be able to listen closely and understand their client’s problems and empathize with their situation. This job is best suited for thinking introverts as they are able to listen closely to a conversation and tend to view their thoughts in their shoes. Thinking introverts can use their deep thinking skills to come up with the best ways of treating their clients. Those who have a caring personality may pursue a degree in psychology as the first step into their career.

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Psychology in Australia

#8 Plant Breeder/Geneticist

Plant geneticists conduct research to study and improve or create varieties of plants or crops. The job requires the ability to work independent and strong research skills. Introverts may find this type of jobs as their cup of tea as they can work efficiently when they are allowed to work in their comfort zone. Thus, a degree in agricultural science could be the right course for them for a career as a plant geneticist. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Agricultural Science Degree in Australia

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Mechanical or Mechatronic? Which Degree to Study?

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Are you the kind of person who’s constantly curious about how things work, from smart machines to air crafts that float 30,000ft above the ground? Have you ever wanted to invent devices or equipment that could serve great benefits to society? Yes? Then a degree in Mechanical or Mechatronics engineering is perfect as your starting point. 

This article will help students to distinguish between Mechanical and Mechatronics engineering to decide on which course suits their preference for their future careers. 

What is Mechanical Engineering

Video credit: Zach Star

Mechanical engineering is one of the most diverse engineering disciplines that study the principles of motion, energy and force to design and develop mechanical systems which fulfil the demands of society, such as vehicle engines, refrigerators, air conditioning systems and elevators.

They introduce innovative technologies in food production, develop 3D printers and even wireless chargers. They also create solutions in technological aspects of health care, transportation, energy and space crafts. 

Career Opportunity in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineer

Design, develop, construct, and testing mechanical and thermal sensors and appliances.

Automotive Engineer

Responsible for vehicle design, development, manufacture and testing.

CAD Technician

Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Technicians create electronic design plans for buildings and machinery using computer software.

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineer (HVAC)

HVAC engineers improve the available technologies in heating, ventilation, air conditioning or refrigeration systems. 

What is Mechatronics Engineering?

Video credit: Richard Engineer

Mechatronics Engineering covers both electrical and mechanical devices and can include the use of computer, Artificial Intelligence (AI), power, electronics and telecommunications systems. 

Examples of devices developed for mechatronics technologies include robotic systems, anti-lock braking systems for vehicles and prosthetic limbs. While these products are mechanical, computers and electrical control systems are required to operate.

Career Opportunities in Mechatronics Engineering

Robotic Engineer

Responsible in design and test machine prototype and conduct research in creating safe and cost-efficient manufacture of the robotic system

Automation Engineer 

Work with other teams in the automation industry to identify problems and implement automated solutions for software processes to be implemented in vehicles.

Instrumentation Engineer

Responsible for planning, implementing and maintaining control systems and machines in the manufacturing industry. 

Control System Engineer

Design, develop and implement solutions that stabilize dynamic systems such as anti-lock braking systems in cars. 

Differences between Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering

In simpler terms, mechanical engineering combines the fundamentals of other engineering disciplines such as chemical, civil and electrical engineering in designing and developing safe, efficient and reliable devices or systems. A mechanical engineer knows better than a mechatronics engineer in the mechanical aspect of machines or devices. 

Mechatronics engineering focuses on computing and electronics in developing innovative technologies or modifying existing ones. Students who enrol in this course will learn about robots, smart systems and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Entry Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

STPM

Minimum CGPA of 3.30 or grade of 3Bs and above

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

A minimum grade of 5Bs 

ATAR

A minimum score of 80 points or above

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 30 or above

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

IELTS

6.5 Overall and 6.0 in every sub-bands

TOEFL

79 overall with Listening: 16, Reading:16, Writing:21, Speaking:18

PTE

58 overall with 50 in every sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Mechanical and Mechatronics in Australia

#1 University of New-South Wales (UNSW)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronic)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUS $47,760

#2 University of Melbourne

Image credit: University of Melbourne

Program

Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Systems

Bachelor of Science in Mechatronic Systems

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912-$45,944

#3 University of Sydney

Image credit: University of Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechatronic Engineering)

Intake (2021)

March & August

Duration

4 years full time

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $50,000

#4 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechanical Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechatronic Engineering

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $48,164

#5 University of Western Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Mechanical

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Robotics and Mechatronics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $33,000

#6 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronics)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,300

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Top Universities to Study Immunology in Australia

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The world is thrilled with the arrival of vaccines to protect us from the infection of Covid-19, but have you ever wondered who creates these vaccines and also all the other vaccines for various diseases? How are these vaccines created? How can you become a part of this innovation? 

If you have thought about these questions in your mind and are intrigued to be a part of this explorative field, then a degree in Immunology is the first step towards achieving your goals. This article will guide through the basic understanding of immunology and the top universities offering immunology degrees in Australia. 

What is Immunology?

Video credit: UAB

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science or science focused on the study of the complex immune system against health and disease. This field is essential to human health as it provides the reasoning of how vaccination protects humans from vicious diseases as well as plays a major role in treating diseases such as allergy, autoimmunity and cancer.

The immune system plays a vital role in protecting our body from pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. Any sort of distortion in the immune system could lead to diseases such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer. There are three types of immune systems, which are innate, adaptive and passive. 

Innate – Innate or natural immunity is the body’s forefront defence which we are born with. For instance, our skin acts as a barrier to avoid bacteria entering the body. The immune system detects foreign organisms and prevents them from harming our body.

Adaptive – Adaptive immunity is also known as acquired immunity that we develop throughout our lives. Adaptive immunity is developed when we are exposed to diseases or when we’re protected from them with vaccines.

Passive  – Passive immunity is provided from another source for a short period of time. For example, antibodies in a mother’s breast milk provide temporary immunity for infants to avoid the attack of diseases the mother has been exposed to.

What Does an Immunologist Do?

An immunologist basically deals with the problems related to the immune system such as allergies, asthma and autoimmune diseases. Immunologists study and analyse the functions of the immune system, environmental factors affecting its function, how immune system disorders occur, and how such diseases can be treated. Immunologists may work either in the laboratory, conducting research or directly work with patients in the healthcare field. 

Responsibilities of immunologists in the laboratory include;

  • Designing, planning and conducting experiments.
  • Develop and test hypotheses using proper analytical techniques.
  • Analysing and interpreting data.
  • Writing lab reports and reviews.
  • Ensure sufficient laboratory purchasing and inventory maintenance.
  • Create proposals for further development tests.
  • Keep track of the current research within the field.

Responsibilities of patient-based immunologists include;

  • Diagnosing and treating patients with immune disorders or allergies.
  • Consulting on medicines and treatments for patients with immunological conditions.
  • Work alongside medical professionals to discuss patient tests and treatment plans.
  • Recommend additional tests to help with the diagnostic process.
  • Educating medical staff about tests and treatments regarding immunology.

Core Subjects Taught in Immunology Degree

The study of immunology entails an in-depth understanding of the components, principles and mechanisms of a healthy immune system, and how they coordinate to mount safe and appropriate protection against infections. Core subjects offered in immunology degree includes as follows;

  • Biology
  • Principles of immunology
  • Molecular and cellular immunology
  • Medical & applied immunology
  • Microbiology: Bacteriology
  • Mechanisms of Infectious Diseases

Career Opportunities with Immunology Degree

Immunology degree graduates may find jobs in several including health services, pharmaceutical, environmental and so forth. The job roles may vary depending on the industry they work for.

Health care

Clinical immunologists are responsible for treating patients with immune system disorders and developing new test methods. They work on research and innovation to ensure patients receive the best healthcare services. 

Pharmaceutical

Immunologists in the pharmaceutical line work in developing or modifying medical products and treatment methods. Furthermore, they are responsible for prescribing appropriate drugs and therapies to patients with autoimmune disease. 

Environmental

Environmental immunologists focus on the immune systems of wildlife, where they carry out experiments to analyse immune responses affecting environmental pollutants and the molecular mechanisms behind these effects. 

Veterinary Science

Immunologists in animal health care typically conduct researches in preventing animals from disease and come up with treatments for those animals affected by various infections and immunological disorders. 

Academic Entry Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including English Mathematics and one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics)

A-Levels

Grade range from CCC to AAA

UEC

A minimum score of B4 in 5 best subjects

ATAR

A minimum score of 75 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 27 points 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

IELTS

Overall 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-band

TOEFL

An overall score of 79 points with speaking:18, writing: 21, listening: 12, reading: 12

PTE

Overall 58 points with 50 in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Immunology Degree in Australia

#1 University of Melbourne

Image credit: University of Melbourne

Ranked #1 life science and medicine course in Australia and 22nd in the world for QS subject ranking, the University of Melbourne allows students to study the development and clinical use of new immune-based treatments for cancer and infectious diseases, allergies, autoimmune diseases and the prevention of transplantation dysfunctions.

Program

  • Bachelor of Science 
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine

Major

Immunology

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $45,944

#2 Monash University

Image credit: Monash University

Monash University ranks #2 in life science and medicine course in QS World Rankings. The program equips students with an in-depth understanding of the physical, cellular and molecular processes associated with the development of pathologies through both theory and practical-based work. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $43,500

#3 University of New South Wales (UNSW)

UNSW believes that a detailed study of immunology, pathology and microbiology will prepare students to approach cutting edge research in the field as well as for the diagnosis and management of common immune-related clinical scenarios that students may well encounter in their careers.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $47,850

#4 University of Western Australia (UWA)

Studying at UWA grants students a thorough understanding of the functions, importance and impact of microbes. Students will also develop the fundamental techniques of cell and molecular biologies such as culturing techniques for the isolation and characterisation of bacteria, the use of microscopy for the identification of microbes, and data recording. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology & Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $40,100

#5 James Cook University (JCU)

Image credit: James Cook University

Students will develop the skills and knowledge in the study of epidemiology, molecular genetics, cell biology, and advanced immunobiology. Students will also study the theories of infectious diseases and tropical microbes. The combined study of microbiology and immunology allows graduates the option to apply for membership in the Australian Society of Microbiology.

Program

Bachelor of Biomedical Sciences (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February 

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,480

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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ACCA or CIMA: Which Course Should You Study in Malaysia?

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What is ACCA & CIMA?

The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) is the global body for professional accountants, focusing on accounting practices and financial reporting. The organization was founded in 1906 and now it has more than 227,000 members and 544,000 students in 178 countries. Successful ACCA graduates will lead them to a career as a  Chartered Certified Accountant.

The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) is the world’s largest professional body of management accountants offering a mix of accounting and management knowledge and skills. It was founded in late 1919 and it now consists of more than 650,000 members and students in 179 countries. 

Video credit: MorganMcKinley

Key differences between ACCA & CIMA

Qualification

       ACCA

       CIMA

Overview

Provides a core understanding of accounting, which includes principles of taxation and external auditing procedures.

A combined study of accounting and management, equipping students with critical decision-making skills in management.

Study Levels

Divided into 3 levels:

– Applied knowledge

– Applied skills

– Strategic professional.

Divide into 4 levels:

– Operational level

– Management level

– Strategic level

– Professional level

Key Subjects

– Accounting & Auditing

– Financial Reporting

– Taxation

– Financial Management

– Ethical & Professional     Standards

– Business Accounting

– Management Accounting

– Information Management

– Finance Management

– Strategic Marketing Management

Exam Structure

2-3 hours exam, based on paper and subject. 

90 minutes of objective tests and 3 hours of a case study

Duration

2 – 3 years

2 – 3 years

Pass Percentage

35% to 40%

35%-46%

Number of Papers

13 papers

16 papers

ACCA or CIMA: Which is more difficult?

Both qualifications are equally difficult. However, the demands of completing exams in each qualification may vary. CIMA qualification is slightly challenging as students are required to complete one set of exams at a time to proceed further. ACCA qualification is more flexible in terms of completing multiple sets of exams concurrently. In addition, CIMA exams include case study exams where students are required to present a real-life context. Thus, it can be challenging for students to get through the exams without relevant work experience.

ACCA or CIMA: Which is cheaper?

The cost of study for ACCA is slightly cheaper than CIMA. ACCA costs around RM 8,000 to RM 10,000 depending on the mode of study whereas CIMA can cost around RM 10,000 – 15,000. Both qualifications required to pay membership fees per year. Students may choose to enrol their preferred qualification in either a private tuition centre or self-study through online learning, where they do not have to bear tuition fees or resource fees. 

ACCA or CIMA: Syllabus and Papers

ACCA

CIMA

Applied Knowledge


AB: Accountant in Business

MA: Management Accounting

FA: Financial Accounting

Certificate in Business Accounting


BA1: Fundamentals of Business Economics

BA2: Fundamentals Management Accounting

BA3: Fundamentals of Financial Accounting

BA4: Fundamentals of Ethics, Corporate 

Governance & Business Law

Applied Skills


LW: Corporate and Business Law

PM: Performance Management

TX: Taxation

FR: Financial Reporting

AA: Audit and Assurance

FM: Financial Management

Operational Level


Paper E1: Organizational Management

Paper P1: Management Accounting

Paper F1: Financial Reporting & Taxation


Operational Case Study

Strategic Professional Essentials 


SBR: Strategic Business Reporting

SBL: Strategic Business Leader


And options to choose 2 out of these 4:


AFM: Advanced Financial Management

APM: Advanced Performance Management

ATX: Advanced Taxation

AAA: Advanced Audit and Assurance

Management Level


Paper E2: Project & Relationship Management

Paper P2: Advanced Management Accounting

Paper F2: Advance Financial Reporting


Management Case Study

 

Strategic Level


Paper E3: Strategy Management

Paper P3: Rick Management

Paper F3: Financial Strategy


Strategic Case Study

Can you take both ACCA & CIMA?

It is possible to take both ACCA and CIMA qualifications. In fact, obtaining both prestigious qualifications enables students to be full-fledged accountants with a core grounding of business aspects as well. Students will need to complete their ACCA qualification and then continue with CIMA studies, as students can be exempted from 11 CIMA exams upon completing ACCA courses. Furthermore, students who enrol in ACCA and CIMA after completing their degree in accounting will also receive up to 6 exemptions from both qualifications.

The exempted exams include:

  • 4 certificate level exams
  • 3 operational level exams
  • Operational level integrated case study exam
  • 3 management level exams.

Academic Entry Requirement for ACCA and CIMA

STPM

A minimum Grade C+ or CGPA 2.50 in any two subjects

A-Levels

2 passes at GCE A-Level (grade range from A-E)

UEC

Minimum B in 5 subjects (including mathematics)

Foundation/Matriculation

A minimum CGPA of 2.50

Diploma

Pass in diploma in accounting with minimum CGPA 2.50 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Recommended Colleges/Universities to Study ACCA and CIMA

#1 University of Wollongong (UOW) KDU University

Image credit: UOW KDU University

UOW KDU is awarded the Platinum status by ACCA for its conducive education and excellent student support. The university provides weekend classes for those who are balancing between work and study. Progress tests, mock examinations and examination reviews are often conducted by the university to keep track of students’ learning capabilities.

Program

Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)

Intake (2021)

January & July

Duration

2.5 years

Indicative Course Fee (2021)

RM 26,150

#2 Taylor’s College

Image credit: Astro Awani

Taylor’s University has been awarded the Gold status for its quality learning facilities and support for ACCA students. Taylor’s offers education in smaller groups, allowing students to interact better with both classmates and lecturers in sharing knowledge and ideas.

Program

Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)

Intake (2021)

January & July

Duration

3 years

Indicative course fee (2021)

RM 29,450

#3 Asia Pacific University (APU)

Image credit: APU University

APU offers a dual degree award for the BA (Hons) in Accounting and Finance programme. Graduates will receive 2 Degree Certificates from Asia Pacific University and De Montfort University in the UK. Upon completion of the programme, students will be exempted from 6 papers out of 16 papers from CIMA. Students will also be entitled to a maximum exemption of 9 papers out of 13 exam papers in ACCA qualification.

Programme

BA (Hons) in Accounting and Finance

Intake (2021)

March, May & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative course fee (2021)

Local: RM 87,000

#4 Taylor’s University

Image credit: Taylor’s University

Taylor’s offers students an in-depth understanding in all areas of accounting and finance such as financial accounting, assurance, taxation, corporate finance and financial management. Upon graduation, students will receive accreditation and exemptions from both ACCA and CIMA exam papers.

Program

BA (Hons) Accounting and Finance

Intake (2021)

January, March & August

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative course fees (2021)

Local: RM 99,906

Career Options with ACCA and CIMA Qualification

ACCA qualification is ideal for accounting professionals who are responsible for financial reporting. ACCA graduates may find careers in the corporate sector, public sector or in public accounting, audit or consulting firms. 

CIMA prospects tend to be in managerial positions in both public and private sector organizations. CIMA qualified students typically pursue careers in industries that offer management, strategy and operation based roles.

The following table shows examples of job roles for both credentials.

ACCA 

CIMA

Auditor

Management Accountant

Chartered Accountant

Business Analyst

Tax manager

Forensic Analyst

Financial Accountant

Finance Manager

Financial Analyst

Project Manager

Which course is right for you?

Both ACCA and CIMA qualifications are respected by various employers and help you reach greater heights in your careers. When it comes to choosing the right course, the decision relies solely on students. Each qualification has its own standards and students may choose one that suits their ambitions. If you ACCA, then you are most likely to develop accounting skills and knowledge and pursue your career as a self-employed accountant or in accountancy firms where you will handle clients. On the other hand, choosing CIMA could sharpen your skills in decision making and open doors for a career in finance or management roles in larger organisations.

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Nutrition and Dietetics Degree in Australia

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What are the Differences Between a Nutritionist and a Dietician?

It is common for people to mistakenly think that dieticians and nutritionists are the same. They are undoubtedly related to one another in terms of promoting healthy well-being to the public, but they are different especially in terms of professional credentials and the types of clients they work with.

Nutritionists promote healthy eating habits and a balanced lifestyle to improve the health of clients. They don’t consult clients with an illness. Instead, they advise people on ways to improve their health by eating the right food. The term “Nutritionist” is not regulated by the law, meaning that graduates can directly become a nutritionist without a professional license. 

On the other hand, dieticians are certified healthcare specialists, using their advanced knowledge of science in nutrition to offer expert advice on eating habits to people with serious health issues such as obesity, diabetes and eating disorders. Unlike nutritionists, dieticians are required to obtain a professional certificate or license to proclaim themselves as dieticians. 

Importance of Nutrition and Dietetics

More and more people are working in an office setting, where they spend long hours sitting without having much time to move around after mealtime or after work, which could affect their health in terms of the digestive system and increase the risk of heart diseases. Other than that, people consume high levels of sugar, fats, and salts, which could lead to severe health-related diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Thus, nutrition and dietetics play a vital role to educate people to eat right, stay physically active, and live healthy lives by making the right food choices. 

Nutrition and dietetics help the healthy development of children and young adolescents. Children and young adolescents who have a well-balanced diet will increase their learning potential. Nutritious food will body and mind as well as improve concentration level in classes. On the contrary, the lack of sufficient nutrients in daily meals will deliberately affect mental health as they are more likely to be fatigued and stressed, which affects their focus on their studies.  

What do Nutritionists and Dieticians do?

The main responsibility of nutritionists and dieticians is to promote or advise the public about the significance of eating healthy food and maintaining a balanced diet. Their day-to-day responsibilities are as follow:

Roles and Responsibility of a Nutritionist and Dieticians 

  • Construct a diet and exercise plan for healthy clients to maintain their healthy lifestyle.
  • Plan menus for clients and advise them on the health effects of certain foods
  • Track the effectiveness of their menus and documents patients’ progress
  • Coordinate and lead group or individual cooking classes.
  • Keep themselves updated on the latest research in this field. 
  • Help patients with health-related problems make healthy food choices.
  • Design food-related policy developments.
  • Educate individuals, governments, education facilities, and industries on nutrition programs.
  • Advising catering services about specific dietary requirements. 
  • Conduct nutrition research.

How to Become a Nutritionist & Dieticians in Australia?

Students who prefer to become a nutritionist or dietician are required to complete a bachelor’s degree in Nutrition and Dietetics. The course typically takes three or four years to complete. The degree course equips students with knowledge in the science of nutrients and their daily life effects.

Upon graduation, students can pursue their career as nutritionist or dietician. Graduates who prefer to become a nutritionist may apply for membership with the Nutrition Society of Australia. Applications are considered by the NSA Council from individuals with a suitable qualification in Nutrition & Dietetics. On the other hand, those who are interested in dietetics are eligible to join Dietitians Australia (DA) and the Accredited Practising Dietitian (APD) program to become a licensed dietician.

Career Opportunities with a Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

Graduates with a degree in nutrition and dietetics may pursue their career in various industries, including as follows:

Public Health

Focus on improving the public’s lifestyle by educating on healthy eating habits. They may work with families, children, the elderly and pregnant women.

Food Service

Responsible for supervising everything related to food, from purchasing and preparation to staff safety practice.

Sports & Fitness

Nutritionist/dietician assesses and consults athletes or sportsmen about the nutritional needs for them to stay fit and healthy. 

Clinical

Liaise with doctors and therapists to accelerate patients’ recoveries by educating patients about nutrition and handle nutrition therapy.

Private Practice – Consulting

Dietitian Nutritionists either work under contract to serve healthcare companies or food companies or work as self-employed nutritionists. They usually conduct nutrition assessments and screening of their clients and advise them on maintaining a balanced diet.

Academic Entry Requirement of Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including chemistry and mathematics)

A-Levels

Grade range from BBB to AAA

UEC

Average of B5 from 5 academic subjects.

ATAR

An average score of 95

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 35 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement of Nutrition and Dietetics Degree

IELTS

An overall score of 6.5 with a minimum of 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

An overall score of 80 with Listening:18, Reading:18, Speaking: 18 and Writing:18

PTE

An overall score of 65 with 58 in each sub-bands. 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Nutrition and Dietetics Degree in Australia

#1 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

QUT helps students gain hands-on experience providing nutrition assessments and dietary advice to real clients in QUT Health Clinics, including providing advice for managing chronic disease, before and after surgery, eating disorders and allergies.

Program

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#2 Griffith University

Image credit: Griffith University

Griffith University offers students learning through extensive hands-on experience in state-of-the-art facilities, including a purpose-built teaching kitchen and a nutrition clinic in the new Griffith Health Centre.

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#3 University of Newcastle (UON)

Image credit: University of Newcastle

Accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA)The University of Newcastle’s Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics combines theoretical and scientific knowledge with practical learning to ensure students are well-prepared for a career in nutrition and dietetics. 

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#4 Deakin University

Image credit: Deakin University

The Bachelor of Nutrition Science (Dietetics Pathway) is designed for students who wish to pursue a career as a dietitian, with a guaranteed pathway to Deakin’s Master of Dietetics. Students are required to complete the necessary units and meet the weighted average mark (WAM) requirement to pursue higher studies.

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition Science (Dietetics Pathway)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time) 

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

#5 Flinders University

Image credit: Flinders University

Accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia, Flinders’ research in nutrition and dietetics ranked well above the world standard in the Australian Government’s latest Excellence in Research Australia rankings (2015).

Program 

Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics

Intake (2021)

March

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021

Contact Excel Education

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Automotive Courses and Degrees in Australia

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What is Automotive?

The automotive industry entails a wide range of companies or organizations in activities involving the manufacture, design, development and marketing of automobiles, including cars, buses, vans, trucks and motorcycles. Over the years, technological advancement aided the automotive industry to evolve considerably in producing vehicles with advanced features and safety technologies. Automobiles are now safer and comfortable on the road with technologies such as autonomous driving, parking assist, anti-roll bars and 360-degree cameras. Graduates pursuing their career in this industry will need to be updated to the latest technologies due to the industry’s rapid growth in tech. 

Video credit: Tafe SA

Career Options in the Automotive Industry in Australia

Automotive engineers collaborate with other engineers in developing and implementing new technologies in a vehicle to enhance customers’ driving experience. They also design and test every component in a vehicle such as brake systems, security features and fuel technologies before sending out to dealerships. 

General responsibilities include:

  • Develop design specifications.
  • Research and production of new vehicles or systems.
  • Utilize computerized models to determine vehicle performance.
  • Inspect product failures.
  • Prepare budgets for current or new vehicle development. 
  • Create prototypes for new vehicle products.

Career opportunities with a degree in automotive include:

Automotive Technician

Automotive technicians assist automotive engineers by testing vehicle subsystems, inspecting automobiles and designing prototypes. They also test automobile parts and collect data for modifications.

Automotive Design Engineer

These professionals work on designing and improving the functional parts and components of an automobile. It is important to have deep knowledge of the aesthetic qualities as well as materials used to design the vehicles in order to increase the efficiency of the vehicles.

Automobile Designer

Automobile designers are responsible for creating and designing new vehicles. They come up with the ideas and researches to produce new automobiles with the latest technologies and safety systems that enhance consumers’ driving experience.

Automotive Courses in Australia

Students require a bachelor’s degree in engineering to be an automotive engineer. Students usually may directly enroll in the programme upon completing their pre-university studies. However, there are alternate ways for students with insufficient credits to pursue their studies in this field. 

There are two study routes to become an automotive engineer.

  • Bachelor Degree
  • Cert III + IV + Diploma 

Route 1: Automotive Degree in Australia

A bachelor degree typically takes three or four years of studies to complete. This degree will provide a core understanding of the design and development process of complex automotive technology and systems that underpin the automobile industry. Students will also gain hands-on experience by enrolling in work placements in the final year. 

Academic Requirement for Automotive Degree in Australia

STPM

Min. average CGPA of 2.33

A-Levels

Min. grade of CCC

UEC

Min. grade of B4

ATAR

Min. score of 80 points or higher

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Min. score of 25 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements for Automotive Degree in Australia

IELTS

An overall score of 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

An overall score of 79: Reading:13, Listening:12, Speaking:18 and Writing:21

PTE

Min. score of 58 with 50 in each sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Automotive Degree in Australia

RMIT University

Image credit: RMIT University

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Automotive Engineering) (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,360

Edith Cowan University

Image credit: Edith Cowan University

Program

Bachelor of Technology (Motorsports)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $31,500

Route 2: Cert III + IV + Diploma of Automative

For students who don’t meet the direct entry requirement for a bachelor’s degree may enroll in an alternative entry pathway. Programs such as Certificate III & IV and diploma are available for them. These programs cover the knowledge necessary to perform advanced diagnostic repairs on light vehicles. Upon completing a diploma, students will be eligible to enter year 2 bachelor’s degree via credit transfer. 

Academic Entry Requirement for Automotive Courses in Australia

Cert III Level Automotive Courses

STPM/A-Levels

Minimum 2 passes in subjects

UEC

2Bs and 2Cs in five subjects

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Cert IV & Diploma in Automotive Courses

SPM

Minimum 2 passes 

IGCSE/ O-Level

Minimum 4 passes

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Automotive Courses in Australia

IELTS

An overall score of 5.5 with no band score less than 5.

English 1119

Grade ‘C6 (C)’ or a minimum B in Malaysian SPM English

PTE

Minimum Level 43

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Institutes to Study Automotive Cert III, IV & Diploma in Australia

TAFE South Australia (SA)

Image credit: TAFE South Australia

Program

Certificate III in 

Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology

Certificate IV in Automotive Mechanical Diagnosis

Diploma of Automotive Technology

Intake (2021)

January, April & July

January & July

January & July

Duration

52 weeks

26 weeks

26 weeks

Indicative Fees (2021)

AUD $16,500

AUD $8,750

AUD $8,700

TAFE Western Australia (WA)

Image credit: TAFE Western Australia

Program

Certificate III in Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology

Certificate IV in Automotive Mechanical Diagnosis

Diploma of Automotive Technology

Intake (2021)

February

February & July

February & July

Duration

1 year

1 year

1 semester

Indicative Fees per semester (2021)

AUD $12,398  

AUD $10,460

AUD $10,156

Note: The programs listed are provided as a general guide only. Please contact Excel Education for further advice & assessment. 

Migration Opportunity for Automotive Graduates in Australia

Students may apply for a temporary graduate visa upon completing at least two years of study in Australia. The visa is valid from 18 months to 3 years, depending on the qualification and study location. There’s high demand in Australia for Automotive graduates, which means students will have a higher chance of getting permanent residency under a Skilled Nominated Visa in Australia. 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Public Relations Degrees in Malaysia

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What is Public Relations?

Public Relations (PR) is a strategic communication process initiated by companies, organizations or individuals to establish a mutually beneficial relationship with stakeholders. The main objective of PR is to build and maintain a positive image of a brand or organization in the eyes of the public.

Public Relations specialists develop communication plans and utilize media to create and sustain a positive brand reputation and a strong relationship with their target audience and key stakeholders including customers, partners, investors, employees, etc. 

Unlike advertising, Public Relations does not work with attractive paid promotions. They often promote a business, product, idea or accomplishment by using editorial content appearing on television, radio shows, newspapers, websites, magazines or blogs.

Types of Public Relations

Media Relations

Media relations focus on the relationship between the company and the media. They often use various media outlets such as press and interviews to deliver the company’s message to their desired stakeholders. The goal is to generate positive coverage of your company or your product.

Investor Relations

Investors are essential for the success and growth of a company. Thus, this type of Public Relations is responsible for managing investor events, releases financial reports, regulatory filings and press releases as well as manages queries from analysts and media.

Public affairs

Public affairs are about building and developing relations between an organisation and politicians, governments and other key decision-makers. They work on how a company engages with the government authorities and the government’s institutional and policy systems.

Community Relations

Society plays a major role in deciding a business’ future. An organization needs to create a positive image of the brand by supporting social practices such as recycling, avoiding child labour, offering child education, equality and environmental protection.

Internal Communication

Employee relations is all about giving employees a positive view of the company they work for. Organizing employee events, conducting programmes to keep employees informed about the company’s changes and consulting on their responsibilities are some of the initiatives carried out by Public Relations to ensure employees are satisfied and motivated in the company. 

Customer Relations

Customer relations refer to the ways a company interacts with its customers to develop the customer experience. Interaction with existing and potential consumers is essential to gain information on interest and prioritise through their feedback, suggestions. 

Marketing Communication

Public Relations utilize social media platforms to reach and promote a company’s reputation and gain immediate positive results. The use of social media is very useful, especially for brands to connect with customers and demonstrate outstanding customer service.

Importance of Public Relations in companies

Trust plays a major role in determining the success or downfall of businesses regardless of what industries it is. Public Relations are responsible for improving the credibility of a company’s audience through a range of significant Public Relations strategies such as networking strategies, influencer connections and marketing campaigns. 

An organization with a good reputation generates potential customers to find their way right to the company’s doorsteps. Public Relations experts help to craft the right messages to resonate with a company’s target customers in a way that impacts them. This will produce more leads for businesses, increasing sales, and bringing bigger profits. 

Public Relations are also important in enhancing staff morale. Public Relations campaigns held within an organization are able to improve communications and motivate employees to perform their task efficiently. Public Relations also keep all employees updated and informed about the company activities and strategic plans and encourages feedback from employees. This will make employees feel that they are an important part of the organization and makes them more dedicated to the company and more productive in performing their duties.

Examples of Public Relations Campaigns

Coca Cola: Share a Coke

The “Share a Coke” campaign was launched in Australia in 2011, whereby the traditional wrapping around the Coca-Cola bottle was changed with the phrase share a Coke with…’ and a random popular name. The campaign encouraged people to find bottles with names that they have a personal connection with and share them with friends and family, then tweet about their story using the hashtag #ShareaCoke. This resulted in the growth of Coca cola’s Facebook community by 3.5% and about 29,000 hashtags were used on Twitter. 

Google’s Fight Against Ebola

Google launched a campaign promising to donate $2 for every dollar people give to organizations fighting Ebola after the outbreak in the western countries became world news. Google ensured that the donation will be raised to fight Ebola and to help provide the necessary medical attention to some of the poorest regions of the world. As a result, Google was able to maximize its positive branding as the company raised $7.5 million throughout the campaign. 

Stabilo Boss – Highlight the remarkable

Stabilo received an amazing response on social media as they launched a campaign highlighting women who played important roles in history and were not noticed. Stabilo took photos from historical moments and drew a yellow highlight line to expose the woman in the photo that played an important role. 

The campaign featured Katharine Johnson, a NASA mathematician who was responsible for the calculations that sent Apollo 11 to the moon. The campaign also highlighted Nobel Prize winner Lise Meitner and First Lady Edith Wilson. As a result, the campaign was a huge hit on social media and went on to win multiple awards.

ALS Association – ALS Ice Bucket Challenge

The ALS #Icebucketchallenge is one of the most well-received and memorable campaigns as it had such a massive impact on social media. Not many were aware of the ALS disease until people started pouring ice buckets over their heads on social media. Many of the high-profile people including Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey stepped into the challenge, making the campaign a success with over 2.4 million videos online and more than $115 million dollars donated to the foundation.

Skills Needed to Become a Successful Public Relations

Communication skills

It is vital for Public Relations professionals to possess excellent oral communication and presentation skills as the job requires dealing with your clients, media buyers, and journalists who expect a professional and clear delivery of information.

Creative thinking

Public Relations professionals will have to come up with creative ways of promoting business and approaching new clients during their job. Public Relations always generates new ideas to be successful in their career. 

Social Media skills

Social media platforms entail different strategies of marketing as each platform vary in terms of functions and who use them more often. Thus, Public Relations professionals will need to be familiar with various social media platforms and able to use them to their fullest potential.

Research skills

Public relations professionals always interact with many clients from different industries. Thus, they need to conduct comprehensive research about their market and brand to accelerate the process of relationship building.

Career Opportunities with a Public Relations degree

Public affairs consultant

Public affairs consultant is responsible for analyzing government policies and providing valuable insights to clients into the political environment and advice relating to public affairs and governmental policy.

Public Relations officer

PR officers use various media and communication to build and manage the reputation of client companies. They are also responsible for building strong relationships with colleagues, clients and the media as well as handle media enquiries.

Event Manager

Event managers are responsible for planning and conducting promotional and social events. They work on a range of events to engage with their target audience and ensure the message of the event is marketed properly. 

Press agent

Press agents generate media coverage for their client to promote them to the public. Press agents use various methods of communications such as press releases, advertisements, performances, and conferences.

Academic Entry Requirement to Study Public Relations in Malaysia

STPM

A minimum of Grade C (CGPA 2.00) in any two subjects

A-Levels

A minimum grade of CCC 

UEC

Minimum 5Bs (including English)

Foundation/Matriculation

A minimum CGPA of 2.00

Diploma

A minimum CGPA of 2.00

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of  24 points

*For further inquiries regarding the entry requirements, please feel free to contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Public Relations in Malaysia

#1 Taylor's University

Image credit: Taylor’s University 

Students will receive recognition and certification from both Taylor’s University and the University of the West of England (UWE), UK and the option to transfer to UWE in the final year. This programme provides a strong Public Relations and event focus with in-depth knowledge of marketing communication which allows students to strategically plan and execute marketing plans.

 

Program

Bachelor of mass communication (Hons) (Public Relation & Event Management

Bachelor of mass communication (Hons) (Public Relation & Marketing)

Intake (2021)

January, March & August

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 95,578

International: RM 113,808

#2 University of Wollongong (UOW), KDU Malaysia

Image credit: UOW KDU University

The programme emphasizes hands-on exposure to equip students with a real-world working environment. Students will be actively involved in industry experiences through event planning, talks, academic conferences and guest lecture sessions conducted by industry professionals. The program will be validated by the reputable University of Lincoln in the UK with a dual award arrangement.

Program

Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in Public Relations

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, July, September & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 59,040 – RM 71,760

International: RM 71,045 – RM 83,765

#3 Curtin University, Malaysia

You’ll gain hands-on experience by developing strategies for real organisations, as well as undertaking a professional internship in your final year. Curtin’s Public Relations major is accredited by the Public Relations Institute of Australia.

Program

Bachelor of Commerce (Public Relations and Management)

Intake (2021)

February or July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 22,400

International: RM 33,128

#4 HELP University

Image credit: HELP University

The programme emphasises the practical applications in modern communication settings. The course is designed to provide professional skills and knowledge, including skills in professional writing techniques, crisis and issues management, media and stakeholder relations, campaign planning, etc. 

Program

Bachelor of Communication (Public Relations) (Hons)

Intake (2021)

January, May, August & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local & International: RM 67,100

#5 Segi University

Image credit: Segi University

This programme equips students with the skills, techniques as well as theoretical knowledge to strategically craft solutions for business challenges. Students will graduate with a dual degree award from SEGi University & University of Central Lancashire, UK

 

Program

Bachelor of Mass Communication (Hons), major in Public Relations

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, July, September & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 59,040 – RM 71,760

International: RM 71,045 – RM 83,765

#6 IACT College

Image credit: IACT College

In collaboration with the University of Sunderland, this programme offers a broad range of study in the Media, Culture and Communications. The programme is fully accredited and assessed by the University of Sunderland, with graduates receiving their certification from the University of Sunderland.

Program

Bachelor of Arts (Hons) Media, Culture and Communication (Public Relation)

Intake (2021)

January, June, August & November

Duration

3 Years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local & International: RM 68,000

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Animation Degree in Australia

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Did you know Richard Parker, the tiger from Life of Pi, was a digitally animated tiger? The apes in the movie Planet of the Apes were digitally animated too. 

If you were always fascinated by cartoons, videos, video games, and have a knack for creativity, a digital animation course might be the right one for you. 

In this article, you’ll be able to explore everything you need to know about studying animation in Australia, from the subjects you’ll be learning to the career paths that you could explore. 

What is Animation?

Video credit: Plainly Simple

Animation is designing, drawing, making layouts, and preparing photographic sequences that are integrated with multimedia.  Animation involves the exploitation and management of still images to generate the illusion of movement. A person who creates animations is called an animator. Animators use various computer technologies to capture the still images and animate them in the desired sequence.

Types of Animations

Traditional Animation: Traditional animation can also be referred to as cell animation. It requires the animator to draw every single frame by hand to create an animated scene.

2D Animation: 2D animation refers to vector-based animations similar to the ones used in Flash. Vector-based animation gives the artist the option to create rigs for the characters and move single body parts at a time rather than continually redrawing the characters.

3D Animation: 3D animation is also known as computer animation, and it is currently the most commonly used form of animation. 3D animation has less to do with drawing and more to do with moving a character in a program. 

Motion Graphics: This art form focuses on moving graphic elements, shapes, and text. This process is commonly used for things like television promotions, explainer videos, and animated logos. 

Stop Motion: Stop motion animation is very similar to traditional animation because it combines a series of still images that are slightly different to show movement. The largest difference is that stop motion uses photography and captures real objects. The artist repeats this process until the scene is completed and uses each photo as a frame in the animation. It’s similar to a flipbook with photos.

Greatest Animators of All Time

Walter Elias Disney (Walt Disney):  One of the most famous animators globally and is the creator of Mickey Mouse. He was also known for the movie Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, as it was the first full length animated film in the world. 

Hayao Miyazaki: Japan’s most outstanding animator director. He is the co-founder of Studio Ghibli and has produced some of the highest-grossing animated films in Japan. Some of his famous movies are Spirited Away, My Neighbour Totoro and Kiki’s Delivery Service. 

Stephen Hillenburg: Stephen is the creator of the talking sponge, SpongeBob Squarepants. SpongeBob Squarepants, which initially was thought of as a silly idea, has built an empire and is arguably one of the most well known animated cartoons among Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny.

Friz Freleng: Friz worked with Warner Bros and is the co-creator of some iconic cartoons such as Bugs Bunny, Sylvester the Cat and Speedy Gonzales. He also produced the infamous cartoon Pink Panther when the Warner Bros animation centre was shut down. 

Glen Keane:  Glen is a Disney animator that worked on various 2D movies such as The Little Mermaid, Tarzan, Pocahontas and Aladdin. He is skilled in character design and was recognised as a Disney’s Legend in 2013.

Key Skills Needed to Become an Animator

  • Creativity: Being an animator requires constant creativity as they are always needed to think outside of the box and produce new ideas. Having the technical skills will not bring an animator far in the industry as creativity plays an important role.

  • Emotive Communication: Like with any art form, part of an animator’s job is to connect with the viewer through their designs and effects. The goal is to evoke a particular emotion, whether it’s heart-pounding suspense in a blockbuster film or excitement at seeing a brand’s commercial for a new product.

  • Attention to Details:  Animators are required to pay close attention to detail to ensure every piece of a project is working toward achieving its goal, and animation is no exception. Small details like highlights or light movement can be the difference between an average animation and one that captures an audience.

  • Organisational Skills: Animators often work on a team with others, juggling multiple projects and deadlines as they go about their daily work. Animators will often have many files in progress.

Career Options with a Degree in Animation

    • Animator: An animator produces multiple images called frames; when sequenced together, it creates an illusion of movement.

    • VFX (Visual Effects) Artist: VFX artists create photoreal, digitally-generated imagery. The role requires the seamless integration of these effects into live-action in feature films, television and, increasingly, online and console gaming.

    • Multimedia Specialist: As a multimedia specialist, you’ll bring together text, graphics, digital animation, video, photography, audio and virtual reality to create a range of multimedia products that can be delivered on a range of platforms

    • Rigging Artist: Responsible for the construction of rigs for 3D characters, vehicles, props, and develops animation rigging tools. A rigging artist is responsible for creating animation interfaces that meet technical requirements and the project’s artistic vision.

    • Storyboard Artist: Storyboard artists help the head of the story create a visual representation of the animation’s narrative. Storyboard artists translate the script and the director’s vision into pictures. They produce a series of panels of images to plan the shots and ensure continuity between them.

Core Subjects Taught in Animation Degree

  • 2D Animation 
  • 3D Animation 
  • Visual Effects
  • Sound Design for Animation

Academics Entry Requirement for Animation Degree in Australia

ATAR 

A minimum score of 70.00

A-Level

A minimum score of 7 or CDD

STPM

A minimum GPA of 2.33

IB

A minimum score of 25 

Entry Requirement varies according to universities, for more information, please contact Excel Education 

English Requirement for Animation Degree in Australia

IELTS

Overall 6.5 and 6 in all sub-bands 

TOEFL

Overall 79 Listening:16;Reading:16;Writing:21;Speaking:18

PTE

Overall 58 and 50 in all sub-bands

English Requirements varies according to universities; for more information, please contact Excel Education

Top Universities to Study Animation in Australia

1) University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne is ranked 3rd place among the top 10 universities in Australia. Students of the University of Melbourne are given access to professional facilities and resources, including animation and stop motion studios, post-production studios and an impressive 220 seat cinema. According to the Animation Career Review, the University of Melbourne is also listed as one of the top 25 International Animation Colleges worldwide.

Program

Bachelor of Fine Arts (Animation)

Intake (2021)

February

Duration 

3 Years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $54,948

2) University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

UTS is ranked 9th place among the top 10 universities in Australia. UTS has established the  UTS Animal Logic Academy which is pioneered by a team of world-class industry professionals. The academy has a custom-built VFX studio and animation education centre, to provide the best learning experience for its students. 

Program

Bachelor of Design in Animation 

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration 

3 Years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,984

3) Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Video credit: TheQUTube

QUT is currently ranked 13th among the top universities in Australia. Graduates from QUT have worked in award-winning movies such as SpiderMan-Away From Home, Avengers: Endgame and Guardians of the Galaxy. 

Program

Bachelor of Fine Arts (Animation)

Intake (2021)

February 

Duration 

3 Years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $31,200

4) Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT)

Video credit: RMIT University

RMIT is currently ranked 15th among the top universities in Australia. Graduates from RMIT have found placement with animation and media agencies such as LucasArts, Viskatoons and Illoura. RMIT is also listed as one of the top 25 International Animation Colleges around the world according to Animation Career Review

Program

Bachelor of Design (Animation & Interactive Media)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration 

3 Years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $37,470

5) Griffith University

Video credit: Griffith University

Griffith University currently ranked 18th among the top universities in Australia and is listed as one of the top 25 International Animation Colleges around the world according to Animation Career Review.

Program

Bachelor of Animation 

Intake (2021)

March 

Duration 

3 Years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $43,500

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Rebecca Visvanathan
Caffeine addict that’s constantly on the run!

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Human Resource Management Degree in Malaysia

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What is Human Resource Management?

Human Resource Management is the department of an organization responsible for managing everything that relates to employees. This includes recruitment, training, performance management, organization development, workplace safety and employee benefits. Human Resource management allows employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organization’s goals and objectives. 

A typical degree in Human Resource Management takes about 3 years to complete. Throughout the programme, students will develop a comprehensive set of skills and practical knowledge of both management and human resources. Upon graduation, students will be able to pursue their career in numerous industries including consultancy firms, banking, manufacturing, local authorities, etc.

Source: Gregg Learning

Main Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resources

Human Resource departments are required to support the growth of the organisation they work in. The nature of the work varies according to the organisation. The common roles and responsibilities include:

    • Recruiting employees by crafting job descriptions and skill specifications, preparing job advertisements, checking application forms, shortlisting, interviewing and hiring the best candidates.
    • Implement policies on issues such as working conditions, performance management, disciplinary procedures and absence management. 
    • Process payroll and maintain employee records.
    • Analyse training needs for employees with departmental managers and develop training programs to improve staff performance
    • Handling employee concerns, including handling difficult situations such as sexual harassment or discrimination in the workplace. 
    • Collaborate with other departments involved in policy areas such as staff performance and health and safety.

Functional Areas of Human Resource Management

Recruitment and staffing

Scouting and hiring of candidates are the major functions of the HR department. HR managers touch every part of the recruitment process, which includes reviewing resumes, conducting preliminary interviews, and processing offer letters.

Training and development

Human Resource organizes training programs to help employees excel in their daily tasks. They will also oversee employees’ performance, manager’s feedback and the results to determine if more training is required. 

Compensation and benefits

Staff compensation and benefits could save a company from losing talented employees to competitors. Human Resource is responsible for creating competitive benefits such as health insurance, retirement accounts, sick leave, family leave and much more. They will have to negotiate to ensure their employees are satisfied and motivated to work in their company. 

Human resources compliance

Compliance with laws of labour and employment is the most crucial Human Resource function. Human Resource professionals are responsible for creating policies and procedure as well as keep updated on all the relevant labour and employment laws constituted by the federal or state government. 

Employee relations

The Human Resource department will work on improving the relationship between employer and employee by measuring employee job satisfaction, employee contribution to the growth of the company, and also generate solutions to resolve workplace conflict. 

Risk management

The Human Resource department is required to ensure that the workplace is safe and employees are aware of the health and safety protocol. In cases of injuries of staff during operation, the Human Resource manages the worker’s compensation claims, investigates the incident and recommends necessary amendments in the safety procedures.

Skills Required for Human Resources

Communication skills

The role of Human Resource is dealing with people. Therefore, they will need to be clear and informative while communicating with people through phone calls, e-mails, and conducting interviews with candidates. They are also required to have excellent writing skills in drafting company policy to avoid miscommunication.

Adaptability skills

Adapting skills are necessary for Human Resource professionals to forecast the need for changes to improve the work environment. The business industry is changing from time to time. Thus, they will need to reconstruct their current company policies and also generate new policies that are relevant and effective.

Critical thinking

Critical thinking helps Human Resource to deal with a difficult situation from a rational point of view. Whether it involves resolving conflicts or issues between the employees, critical thinking helps them to put forward viewpoints and effective ideas to improve the work environment

Organizational skills

Human Resource employees are required to monitor various records and files related to each employee. They handle tons of paperwork of hiring, firing, and employee performance records. So, Human Resource employees must keep this information organized, safe, and accessible. They also need to keep sensitive information separated and only share it with people when it is necessary. 

Career Opportunities with a Human Resource Management Degree

Human Resources officer

A Human Resource officer ensures that the company hires the right candidates with the necessary skills and experience. They also make sure that employees get sufficient training and development opportunities to enhance their performance and achieve the company’s business objectives.

Recruiter

A recruiter scouts candidates who seem promising for a particular role and interview them further to determine if they are suitable for the position. They also use social media platforms to source candidates and screening applicants to decide if they’re the best fit for contributing to the organization’s goals.

Office manager

Office managers are responsible for administrative tasks in the organization. They monitor the schedules of meetings and planning upcoming office events., managing payroll and the office budget and organizing important employee documents.

Training and development officer

The role of the training and development officer is to train employees on their job responsibilities and educate them on the organization’s rules, structure and goals. They also come up with training materials to help trainees learn more about the organization and manage the schedule to train employees.

Academic Entry Requirements to study Human Resource Management in Malaysia

STPM Minimum Grade C or CGPA 2.00
A-Level Minimum grade CCC
UEC Grade B in 5 subjects 
Foundation/Matriculation Minimum CGPA 2.00
Diploma Minimum CGPA 2.00
International Baccalaureate (IB) A minimum score of 24 points 

*For further inquiries regarding the entry requirements, please feel free to contact Excel Education.


Enquire Now

Top Universities to Study Human Resource Management in Malaysia

#1 Asia Pacific University (APU)

Image credit: APU University 

Students will have the option to partake in the APU-DMU Dual Degree scheme. Students will receive dual degree certificates and transcripts upon graduation from De Montfort University (DMU), UK.

Program BA (HONS) Human Resource Management
Intake (2021) March, May & September
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 87,000

International: RM 88,200


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#2 Curtin University, Malaysia

Image credit: Curtin University

This programme allows students to cover topics such as staff selection, promotion, learning and development, and remuneration. This helps students to engage a highly committed and capable workforce to operate in the global business world.

Program Bachelor of Commerce (Human Resources Management and Management)
Intake (2021) February & July
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 67,200

International: RM 99,384


Enquire Now

#3
HELP University

Image credit: HELP University

This programme provides students with a comprehensive study of the three management functions that have become most critical in modern organisations: personnel management, industrial relations and organisational behaviour. Students will develop practical and conceptual skills which will allow them to work in all areas of human resource management.

Program Bachelor of Business (Human Resource Management) (Hons)
Intake (2021) January, March, May, August, October
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local & International RM 62,300


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#4 SEGI University

Image credit: SEGI University

This programme equips students with skills and knowledge in shaping an organisation by providing guidance for the employee who works in the organisation. This double degree programme is a collaboration between SEGi and the University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN), UK. 

Program Bachelor of Business Management (Hons) (Human Resource Management)
Intake (2021) February, May, June, September, October
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 60, 975

International: RM 73, 425


Enquire Now

#5 INTI University

Image credit: INTI University 

This programme offers Human Resource curriculum guidelines of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), providing a core understanding of all the aspects of people management in a Malaysian context.  Students will be equipped with the skills to strive as a line manager across various industries. 

Program Bachelor of Business (Hons) Human Resource Management
Intake (2021) January, June & August
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 68,800

International:  RM 82,500


Enquire Now

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Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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