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Data Science vs Data Analytics: Which Degree to Study?

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Data is a collection of information normally gathered through numbers or observations to be used for the analysis of trends, user behaviours or disease outbreaks. In a corporation or business, data is often gathered for marketing purposes, financial analysis or to make a better decision for the company. In today’s world, as long as you own a smartphone with different mobile applications, chances are your user experiences and activities are being tracked and stored as data. As the world moves towards digitalization, this data is growing exponentially with time and at a high increase rate, which results in what we referred to as ‘big data’ today. 

Thanks to big data, companies are able to connect with users by offering services or products based on their activity on the Internet such as personalized music, movies and shopping items. However, such massive data requires professionals to parse through them to get the right information. Thus, birthed data science and data analytics as a career that one could pursue as a professional. 

In this article, we will highlight the differences between data science and data analytics so that students would have a clear idea of pursuing their career based on their interest in the data world.

What is Data Science?

Data science is an integrative approach to extract key information and insights from large structured or unstructured data. Data science involves data mining, statistics, machine learning and programming to interpret data and present the outcomes or predictions for the decision-making process. The common tasks carried out by data scientists are as the following:

  • Collecting large sets of data from various sources.
  • Use a wide range of tools and techniques such as SQL, data mining and data integration methods to evaluate and prepare data.
  • Cleaning and validating the data for accuracy, completeness, and structure.
  • Devising and applying models and algorithms to extract insights from big data.
  • Analyzing the data to identify patterns and trends.
  • Interpreting the data to discover solutions and opportunities.
  • Presenting to stakeholders the possibilities of solving business problems with the results for decision making.

In today’s world, data science helps businesses and organizations to provide value to their consumers. Data enables businesses to provide various resources to solve major problems. Companies such as Netflix and YouTube extracts information from big data to deliver the right product to users. Algorithms help the company to create personalized recommendations for users based on their watched or browsed history. 

Data science also enables the game industry to keep gamers engaged with stunning graphics and motion. Data insights and creativity help developers to create an interactive and complex storyline for the games by gaining information of what the player wants and design new game concepts, scenario and mechanics. Game companies also apply machine learning algorithms to upgrade their user’s character as they move up to higher level. 

What is Data Analytics?

 

Data analytics is the process of analyzing existing datasets to draw conclusions for current problems for businesses. The main objective of data analytics is to maximize the efficiency and productivity of a business. Thus, a data analyst is responsible to analyze large sets of data to identify trends develop charts and presentations to help businesses make more strategic decisions.

The common roles of data analyst include:

  • Designing and maintaining data systems and databases, including removing corrupted data.
  • Mining data from primary and secondary sources, then reorganizing said data in a readable format.
  • Use statistical tools to interpret data sets, paying particular attention to trends and patterns that could be valuable for decision making. 
  • Preparing reports for executive leadership that effectively communicate trends, patterns, and predictions using relevant data.
  • Liaise with programmers and organizational leaders to identify opportunities for process improvements and system modifications

There are several types of data analytics with distinct attribute include of a business or organization.

Descriptive Analytics

Analyses records such as monthly revenue, quarterly sales and website traffic to study and spot trend changes.

Diagnostic Analytics

Compares descriptive data sets to identify dependencies and patterns. This helps an organization determine the cause of a positive or negative outcome.

Predictive Analytics

Determines expected outcomes by detecting tendencies in descriptive and diagnostic analytics. This enables an organization to take strategic action such as approaching customers who are unlikely to renew a contract.

Prescriptive Analytics

Prescriptive analytics uses complex algorithms and advanced technology such as machine learning to address potential problems or keep updated on industry trends.

What are the Differences Between Data Science & Data Analytics?

Data science and data analytics may overlap in terms of job roles, the significant differences between them is the job scope. Data science is more of a broader study in mining large datasets, meanwhile, data analytics focus more on a specific version to extract actionable insights that can be executed immediately based on existing data. The following table shows the key differences between data science and data analytics.

Careers

Data Science

Data Analytics

Scope of Data

Broader study in extracting information from large datasets

Specific and more concentrated on a particular dataset

Data Structure

Unstructured 

Structured

Objective

Find the right questions to solve potential problems

Find actionable data to solve existing problems

Fields of Study

  • Search engine 
  • Machine learning
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Programming 
  • Data visualisation
  • Designing principles
  • Statistical analysis
  • Data modelling

Core Skills & Tools

  • Hadoop
  • Apache Spark
  • Java
  • Power BI
  • Tableau
  • SAS

Academic Requirements to Study Data Science & Data Analytics in Australia

STPM

CGPA of 3.30 or minimum grade B in 3 best subjects

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

The average score of A2

ATAR

A minimum score of 76 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 25 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements to Study Data Science & Data Analytics in Australia

IELTS

Overall score of 6.5 with 6 points in each sub-bands. 

TOEFL

Overall score of 79: Listening:16, Reading:16, Speaking:18 and Writing: 21

PTE

Overall score of 58 with 50 points in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Data Science & Data Analytics Degree in Australia

#1 The University of Melbourne

The major is designed to give students an intellectual understanding of integrating and applying statistical and computing principles to solve large-scale, real-world data science problems. It is suitable for students interested in a career in government or industry or who wish to pursue specialised graduate study.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Data Science)

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $ 45,944

 

#2 University of Adelaide

This degree will equip students with opportunities for improvement and growth, where they could work in government, consultancies or large corporations, at home or abroad. Students are also able to apply their knowledge to drive decision-making in a venture of their own.

Program

Bachelor of Applied Data Analytics

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,500

#3 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

This program equips students to practice as data science and analytics professionals, developing information technology skills, expertise in statistics and mathematics, and familiarity with key business and policy development areas.

Program

Bachelor of Science in Analytics

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $38,736

#4 RMIT University

Students will build a practical understanding of recent developments in computer science, information technology and statistics, as well as apply mathematical and statistical knowledge to new and ongoing problems.

Program

Bachelor of Data Science

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,560

#5 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

This degree entails the theory and practices for data acquisition, storage, management, processing, analysis and visualisation.  This program is well crafted by QUT to focus more on enhancing students’ mathematical skills and coding languages.

Program

Bachelor of Data Science

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,200

#6 University of South Australia (UNISA)

Combining both data analytics and information technology, Students will learn to analyse and visualise big data sources and data trends as well as to generate data management strategies such as cost reductions, effective decision-making processes and the development of new products and services.

Program 

Bachelor of Information Technology and Data Analytics

Intake (2021)

January, April, June & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $23,000 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..


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Top 8 Degrees & Careers for Introverts

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There must be at least one friend among your peers that rarely attends any gatherings and even if they do they barely chip in a group conversation and would probably leave before the gathering ends. There might be one classmate of yours who often remains silent in a group discussion and usually spends time doing their own thing. This classmate or friend of yours is most likely known as an introvert. 

Introverts are the type of people who prefer solitude as their comfort zone to focus on their internal thoughts and ideas, rather than what’s happening around them. Most people perceive them as shy to interact with people. But in reality, introverts do enjoy being around people with whom they are closed with. They prefer engaging and deep conversation in smaller groups or with just one other person. Being in a large social gathering often drains introverts out as they would find themselves being distracted by having too many simulations. 

Common traits of introverts include;

  • They love spending time alone
  • They are self-aware
  • They have a creative mind
  • They are at their best when working alone
  • They take time to make decisions
  • They prefer a few friends over a group
  • They don’t stay too long at parties or they don’t even attend one
  • They don’t prefer to be the centre of attention

Types of Introverts

Video credit: Psych2Go

Introverts are classified into four types and each type has a distinct personality from one another.

Social Introverts

Social introverts are people who prefer social interaction in small groups or solitude over large gatherings and parties. They rather spend time alone doing something they love and socialize with a small group of friends if necessary. Unlike social anxiety, social introverts are not afraid of crowds or they don’t shy away from conversations. They just want things to be the way it is. 

Thinking Introverts

Unlike other introverts, thinking introverts don’t mind the presence of a large group of people, but they are considered unsocial because of their nature of getting lost in their own thoughts. This introvert is actually thoughtful and self-reflective. Thinking introverts reflect their feelings and thoughts in their imaginative world, which makes them pause to think of response during a conversation. This type of introvert is highly creative. 

Anxious Introverts

In contrast to social introverts, anxious introverts seek solitude because they are awkwardly shy to interact with other people. They are perceived as rude at times, but they are actually less confident in social interaction and they are being protective of themselves. However, being alone makes their thoughts go wild in overthinking of catastrophizing events, which makes them hard to step out of their comfort zone.

Restrained Introverts

Restrained introverts are very different compared to the other types of introverts. They wouldn’t mind large crowds and don’t dwell in their complex inner world, but they are more of a “reserved” type of people. They usually take time to observe a person and would think through before they speak or act. This type of people lacks spontaneity where they usually don’t get along with last-minute plannings. They enjoy meeting new people but very selective in choosing who they want to trust. 

Struggles of Introverts at work

One of the hardest things about being an introvert is that they struggle in maintaining friendly conversations with colleagues and they rather choose solitary activities than attending office parties. Most people believe that introverted co-workers are not interested in getting to know someone, but the truth is they refuse to force themselves to have a meaningless conversation with others. They wouldn’t get along with people just for the sake of working in the same office, but rather approach those who actually ‘vibe’ them with meaningful conversations. 

Office meetings and presentations could be a pain for introverts as well. Meetings and presentations are attended by many people and introverts tend to struggle to deliver speeches in front of them. They can be very skilful and efficient in their tasks, but when they are placed under the spotlight, they would feel anxious and uncomfortable, which makes them struggle to find words to speak. 

Introverts don’t mind participating in team-oriented tasks if their job requires them to do so. However, they have a hard time in brainstorming sessions, where they are required to come up with ideas immediately. They find it difficult and uneasy to think of ideas out of thin air when they are surrounded by people. They need time and space for themselves where they feel more comfortable and productive to generate brilliant ideas that may blow other’s minds. 

Top 8 Degrees & Careers for Introverts

#1 Writer

Whether fiction or copywriting, this career is ideal for social, thinking and anxious introverts. Introverts who don’t involve in social interactions could let their writing do the talking. Writers require time and space to think and come up with creative ways to write which suits well with introverts’ personality. Furthermore, they could choose to be freelance writers as they are free to decide their own setting to go wild with their creativity. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Best Jobs for People Who Love Writing

Study Journalism in Australia

#2 Graphic Designer

Graphic designers tend to work alone or engage with small groups to create designs for businesses or companies that are suitable for introverts. A good design demands creativity in both colours and graphics which can be the strengths of thinking introverts who always dwell in their rich and complex inner world. Freelance graphic designers are also available for introverts to work in their comfort zone. Despite that, there are various courses related to art and design where they can apply their creativity.

Articles you might be interested in;

Top Degree Courses to study if you love Arts

#3 Accountant

Accounting allows working one-on-one with clients or with small teams to perform tasks other than dealing with large groups. Introverts can reduce social interaction with people and have their own space to work productively. Those who love working with numbers need to complete a degree in accounting to pursue this career. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Accounting in Australia

#4 Software Developer

Software developers often work in creating codes and designing software to run systems. Thus, developers spend most of their time working alone and work in teams once in a while. Introverts with a passion for computers and systems may find this career suitable as they can work in their own comfort zone with minimal interaction with other teams. To be a software developer, a degree in software engineering is the right course for them. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Software Engineering in Australia

#5 Actuary

An actuary does not necessarily need to be an outgoing personality. The job involves mathematics and statistics to evaluate risks and opportunity. This will suit well for introverts as they most likely will be engaged in front of their computer with minimal interaction with others. To be an actuary, students will need to attain a degree in Actuarial Science.

Articles you might be interested in;

Top Universities to study Actuarial Science in Australia 2021

#6 Veterinarian

A veterinarian career is great for introverts who avert social interaction with people. Working with animals can be meaningful and it requires a lot of interaction with animals, where verbal communication is a bare minimum. Veterinarian jobs entail animal care such as pet grooming, pet sitting and working in an animal shelter. A degree in veterinary science is important to place a job in this field. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Becoming a Veterinarian in Australia

#7 Counselor/ Clinical Psychologist

A counselor or psychologist must be able to listen closely and understand their client’s problems and empathize with their situation. This job is best suited for thinking introverts as they are able to listen closely to a conversation and tend to view their thoughts in their shoes. Thinking introverts can use their deep thinking skills to come up with the best ways of treating their clients. Those who have a caring personality may pursue a degree in psychology as the first step into their career.

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Psychology in Australia

#8 Plant Breeder/Geneticist

Plant geneticists conduct research to study and improve or create varieties of plants or crops. The job requires the ability to work independent and strong research skills. Introverts may find this type of jobs as their cup of tea as they can work efficiently when they are allowed to work in their comfort zone. Thus, a degree in agricultural science could be the right course for them for a career as a plant geneticist. 

Articles you might be interested in;

Study Agricultural Science Degree in Australia

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Mechanical or Mechatronic? Which Degree to Study?

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Are you the kind of person who’s constantly curious about how things work, from smart machines to air crafts that float 30,000ft above the ground? Have you ever wanted to invent devices or equipment that could serve great benefits to society? Yes? Then a degree in Mechanical or Mechatronics engineering is perfect as your starting point. 

This article will help students to distinguish between Mechanical and Mechatronics engineering to decide on which course suits their preference for their future careers. 

What is Mechanical Engineering

Video credit: Zach Star

Mechanical engineering is one of the most diverse engineering disciplines that study the principles of motion, energy and force to design and develop mechanical systems which fulfil the demands of society, such as vehicle engines, refrigerators, air conditioning systems and elevators.

They introduce innovative technologies in food production, develop 3D printers and even wireless chargers. They also create solutions in technological aspects of health care, transportation, energy and space crafts. 

Career Opportunity in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineer

Design, develop, construct, and testing mechanical and thermal sensors and appliances.

Automotive Engineer

Responsible for vehicle design, development, manufacture and testing.

CAD Technician

Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Technicians create electronic design plans for buildings and machinery using computer software.

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineer (HVAC)

HVAC engineers improve the available technologies in heating, ventilation, air conditioning or refrigeration systems. 

What is Mechatronics Engineering?

Video credit: Richard Engineer

Mechatronics Engineering covers both electrical and mechanical devices and can include the use of computer, Artificial Intelligence (AI), power, electronics and telecommunications systems. 

Examples of devices developed for mechatronics technologies include robotic systems, anti-lock braking systems for vehicles and prosthetic limbs. While these products are mechanical, computers and electrical control systems are required to operate.

Career Opportunities in Mechatronics Engineering

Robotic Engineer

Responsible in design and test machine prototype and conduct research in creating safe and cost-efficient manufacture of the robotic system

Automation Engineer 

Work with other teams in the automation industry to identify problems and implement automated solutions for software processes to be implemented in vehicles.

Instrumentation Engineer

Responsible for planning, implementing and maintaining control systems and machines in the manufacturing industry. 

Control System Engineer

Design, develop and implement solutions that stabilize dynamic systems such as anti-lock braking systems in cars. 

Differences between Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering

In simpler terms, mechanical engineering combines the fundamentals of other engineering disciplines such as chemical, civil and electrical engineering in designing and developing safe, efficient and reliable devices or systems. A mechanical engineer knows better than a mechatronics engineer in the mechanical aspect of machines or devices. 

Mechatronics engineering focuses on computing and electronics in developing innovative technologies or modifying existing ones. Students who enrol in this course will learn about robots, smart systems and Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Entry Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

STPM

Minimum CGPA of 3.30 or grade of 3Bs and above

A-Levels

A minimum grade of BCC

UEC

A minimum grade of 5Bs 

ATAR

A minimum score of 80 points or above

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 30 or above

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering in Australia

IELTS

6.5 Overall and 6.0 in every sub-bands

TOEFL

79 overall with Listening: 16, Reading:16, Writing:21, Speaking:18

PTE

58 overall with 50 in every sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Mechanical and Mechatronics in Australia

#1 University of New-South Wales (UNSW)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronic)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUS $47,760

#2 University of Melbourne

Image credit: University of Melbourne

Program

Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Systems

Bachelor of Science in Mechatronic Systems

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912-$45,944

#3 University of Sydney

Image credit: University of Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechanical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Mechatronic Engineering)

Intake (2021)

March & August

Duration

4 years full time

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $50,000

#4 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechanical Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Mechatronic Engineering

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $48,164

#5 University of Western Sydney

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Mechanical

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) – Robotics and Mechatronics

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $33,000

#6 Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechanical)

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Mechatronics)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,300

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Top Universities to Study Immunology in Australia

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The world is thrilled with the arrival of vaccines to protect us from the infection of Covid-19, but have you ever wondered who creates these vaccines and also all the other vaccines for various diseases? How are these vaccines created? How can you become a part of this innovation? 

If you have thought about these questions in your mind and are intrigued to be a part of this explorative field, then a degree in Immunology is the first step towards achieving your goals. This article will guide through the basic understanding of immunology and the top universities offering immunology degrees in Australia. 

What is Immunology?

Video credit: UAB

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science or science focused on the study of the complex immune system against health and disease. This field is essential to human health as it provides the reasoning of how vaccination protects humans from vicious diseases as well as plays a major role in treating diseases such as allergy, autoimmunity and cancer.

The immune system plays a vital role in protecting our body from pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. Any sort of distortion in the immune system could lead to diseases such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer. There are three types of immune systems, which are innate, adaptive and passive. 

Innate – Innate or natural immunity is the body’s forefront defence which we are born with. For instance, our skin acts as a barrier to avoid bacteria entering the body. The immune system detects foreign organisms and prevents them from harming our body.

Adaptive – Adaptive immunity is also known as acquired immunity that we develop throughout our lives. Adaptive immunity is developed when we are exposed to diseases or when we’re protected from them with vaccines.

Passive  – Passive immunity is provided from another source for a short period of time. For example, antibodies in a mother’s breast milk provide temporary immunity for infants to avoid the attack of diseases the mother has been exposed to.

What Does an Immunologist Do?

An immunologist basically deals with the problems related to the immune system such as allergies, asthma and autoimmune diseases. Immunologists study and analyse the functions of the immune system, environmental factors affecting its function, how immune system disorders occur, and how such diseases can be treated. Immunologists may work either in the laboratory, conducting research or directly work with patients in the healthcare field. 

Responsibilities of immunologists in the laboratory include;

  • Designing, planning and conducting experiments.
  • Develop and test hypotheses using proper analytical techniques.
  • Analysing and interpreting data.
  • Writing lab reports and reviews.
  • Ensure sufficient laboratory purchasing and inventory maintenance.
  • Create proposals for further development tests.
  • Keep track of the current research within the field.

Responsibilities of patient-based immunologists include;

  • Diagnosing and treating patients with immune disorders or allergies.
  • Consulting on medicines and treatments for patients with immunological conditions.
  • Work alongside medical professionals to discuss patient tests and treatment plans.
  • Recommend additional tests to help with the diagnostic process.
  • Educating medical staff about tests and treatments regarding immunology.

Core Subjects Taught in Immunology Degree

The study of immunology entails an in-depth understanding of the components, principles and mechanisms of a healthy immune system, and how they coordinate to mount safe and appropriate protection against infections. Core subjects offered in immunology degree includes as follows;

  • Biology
  • Principles of immunology
  • Molecular and cellular immunology
  • Medical & applied immunology
  • Microbiology: Bacteriology
  • Mechanisms of Infectious Diseases

Career Opportunities with Immunology Degree

Immunology degree graduates may find jobs in several including health services, pharmaceutical, environmental and so forth. The job roles may vary depending on the industry they work for.

Health care

Clinical immunologists are responsible for treating patients with immune system disorders and developing new test methods. They work on research and innovation to ensure patients receive the best healthcare services. 

Pharmaceutical

Immunologists in the pharmaceutical line work in developing or modifying medical products and treatment methods. Furthermore, they are responsible for prescribing appropriate drugs and therapies to patients with autoimmune disease. 

Environmental

Environmental immunologists focus on the immune systems of wildlife, where they carry out experiments to analyse immune responses affecting environmental pollutants and the molecular mechanisms behind these effects. 

Veterinary Science

Immunologists in animal health care typically conduct researches in preventing animals from disease and come up with treatments for those animals affected by various infections and immunological disorders. 

Academic Entry Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

STPM

Minimum grade B in three subjects (Including English Mathematics and one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics)

A-Levels

Grade range from CCC to AAA

UEC

A minimum score of B4 in 5 best subjects

ATAR

A minimum score of 75 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 27 points 

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement to Study Immunology degree in Australia

IELTS

Overall 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-band

TOEFL

An overall score of 79 points with speaking:18, writing: 21, listening: 12, reading: 12

PTE

Overall 58 points with 50 in each sub-band

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Immunology Degree in Australia

#1 University of Melbourne

Image credit: University of Melbourne

Ranked #1 life science and medicine course in Australia and 22nd in the world for QS subject ranking, the University of Melbourne allows students to study the development and clinical use of new immune-based treatments for cancer and infectious diseases, allergies, autoimmune diseases and the prevention of transplantation dysfunctions.

Program

  • Bachelor of Science 
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine

Major

Immunology

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912 – $45,944

#2 Monash University

Image credit: Monash University

Monash University ranks #2 in life science and medicine course in QS World Rankings. The program equips students with an in-depth understanding of the physical, cellular and molecular processes associated with the development of pathologies through both theory and practical-based work. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $43,500

#3 University of New South Wales (UNSW)

UNSW believes that a detailed study of immunology, pathology and microbiology will prepare students to approach cutting edge research in the field as well as for the diagnosis and management of common immune-related clinical scenarios that students may well encounter in their careers.

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February, May & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $47,850

#4 University of Western Australia (UWA)

Studying at UWA grants students a thorough understanding of the functions, importance and impact of microbes. Students will also develop the fundamental techniques of cell and molecular biologies such as culturing techniques for the isolation and characterisation of bacteria, the use of microscopy for the identification of microbes, and data recording. 

Program

Bachelor of Science (Microbiology & Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $40,100

#5 James Cook University (JCU)

Image credit: James Cook University

Students will develop the skills and knowledge in the study of epidemiology, molecular genetics, cell biology, and advanced immunobiology. Students will also study the theories of infectious diseases and tropical microbes. The combined study of microbiology and immunology allows graduates the option to apply for membership in the Australian Society of Microbiology.

Program

Bachelor of Biomedical Sciences (Microbiology and Immunology)

Intake (2021)

February 

Duration

3 years (Full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,480

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Study Automotive Courses and Degrees in Australia

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What is Automotive?

The automotive industry entails a wide range of companies or organizations in activities involving the manufacture, design, development and marketing of automobiles, including cars, buses, vans, trucks and motorcycles. Over the years, technological advancement aided the automotive industry to evolve considerably in producing vehicles with advanced features and safety technologies. Automobiles are now safer and comfortable on the road with technologies such as autonomous driving, parking assist, anti-roll bars and 360-degree cameras. Graduates pursuing their career in this industry will need to be updated to the latest technologies due to the industry’s rapid growth in tech. 

Video credit: Tafe SA

Career Options in the Automotive Industry in Australia

Automotive engineers collaborate with other engineers in developing and implementing new technologies in a vehicle to enhance customers’ driving experience. They also design and test every component in a vehicle such as brake systems, security features and fuel technologies before sending out to dealerships. 

General responsibilities include:

  • Develop design specifications.
  • Research and production of new vehicles or systems.
  • Utilize computerized models to determine vehicle performance.
  • Inspect product failures.
  • Prepare budgets for current or new vehicle development. 
  • Create prototypes for new vehicle products.

Career opportunities with a degree in automotive include:

Automotive Technician

Automotive technicians assist automotive engineers by testing vehicle subsystems, inspecting automobiles and designing prototypes. They also test automobile parts and collect data for modifications.

Automotive Design Engineer

These professionals work on designing and improving the functional parts and components of an automobile. It is important to have deep knowledge of the aesthetic qualities as well as materials used to design the vehicles in order to increase the efficiency of the vehicles.

Automobile Designer

Automobile designers are responsible for creating and designing new vehicles. They come up with the ideas and researches to produce new automobiles with the latest technologies and safety systems that enhance consumers’ driving experience.

Automotive Courses in Australia

Students require a bachelor’s degree in engineering to be an automotive engineer. Students usually may directly enroll in the programme upon completing their pre-university studies. However, there are alternate ways for students with insufficient credits to pursue their studies in this field. 

There are two study routes to become an automotive engineer.

  • Bachelor Degree
  • Cert III + IV + Diploma 

Route 1: Automotive Degree in Australia

A bachelor degree typically takes three or four years of studies to complete. This degree will provide a core understanding of the design and development process of complex automotive technology and systems that underpin the automobile industry. Students will also gain hands-on experience by enrolling in work placements in the final year. 

Academic Requirement for Automotive Degree in Australia

STPM

Min. average CGPA of 2.33

A-Levels

Min. grade of CCC

UEC

Min. grade of B4

ATAR

Min. score of 80 points or higher

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Min. score of 25 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirements for Automotive Degree in Australia

IELTS

An overall score of 6.5 with 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

An overall score of 79: Reading:13, Listening:12, Speaking:18 and Writing:21

PTE

Min. score of 58 with 50 in each sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to Study Automotive Degree in Australia

RMIT University

Image credit: RMIT University

Program

Bachelor of Engineering (Automotive Engineering) (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,360

Edith Cowan University

Image credit: Edith Cowan University

Program

Bachelor of Technology (Motorsports)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $31,500

Route 2: Cert III + IV + Diploma of Automative

For students who don’t meet the direct entry requirement for a bachelor’s degree may enroll in an alternative entry pathway. Programs such as Certificate III & IV and diploma are available for them. These programs cover the knowledge necessary to perform advanced diagnostic repairs on light vehicles. Upon completing a diploma, students will be eligible to enter year 2 bachelor’s degree via credit transfer. 

Academic Entry Requirement for Automotive Courses in Australia

Cert III Level Automotive Courses

STPM/A-Levels

Minimum 2 passes in subjects

UEC

2Bs and 2Cs in five subjects

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Cert IV & Diploma in Automotive Courses

SPM

Minimum 2 passes 

IGCSE/ O-Level

Minimum 4 passes

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Automotive Courses in Australia

IELTS

An overall score of 5.5 with no band score less than 5.

English 1119

Grade ‘C6 (C)’ or a minimum B in Malaysian SPM English

PTE

Minimum Level 43

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Institutes to Study Automotive Cert III, IV & Diploma in Australia

TAFE South Australia (SA)

Image credit: TAFE South Australia

Program

Certificate III in 

Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology

Certificate IV in Automotive Mechanical Diagnosis

Diploma of Automotive Technology

Intake (2021)

January, April & July

January & July

January & July

Duration

52 weeks

26 weeks

26 weeks

Indicative Fees (2021)

AUD $16,500

AUD $8,750

AUD $8,700

TAFE Western Australia (WA)

Image credit: TAFE Western Australia

Program

Certificate III in Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology

Certificate IV in Automotive Mechanical Diagnosis

Diploma of Automotive Technology

Intake (2021)

February

February & July

February & July

Duration

1 year

1 year

1 semester

Indicative Fees per semester (2021)

AUD $12,398  

AUD $10,460

AUD $10,156

Note: The programs listed are provided as a general guide only. Please contact Excel Education for further advice & assessment. 

Migration Opportunity for Automotive Graduates in Australia

Students may apply for a temporary graduate visa upon completing at least two years of study in Australia. The visa is valid from 18 months to 3 years, depending on the qualification and study location. There’s high demand in Australia for Automotive graduates, which means students will have a higher chance of getting permanent residency under a Skilled Nominated Visa in Australia. 

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Human Resource Management Degree in Malaysia

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What is Human Resource Management?

Human Resource Management is the department of an organization responsible for managing everything that relates to employees. This includes recruitment, training, performance management, organization development, workplace safety and employee benefits. Human Resource management allows employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organization’s goals and objectives. 

A typical degree in Human Resource Management takes about 3 years to complete. Throughout the programme, students will develop a comprehensive set of skills and practical knowledge of both management and human resources. Upon graduation, students will be able to pursue their career in numerous industries including consultancy firms, banking, manufacturing, local authorities, etc.

Source: Gregg Learning

Main Roles and Responsibilities of Human Resources

Human Resource departments are required to support the growth of the organisation they work in. The nature of the work varies according to the organisation. The common roles and responsibilities include:

    • Recruiting employees by crafting job descriptions and skill specifications, preparing job advertisements, checking application forms, shortlisting, interviewing and hiring the best candidates.
    • Implement policies on issues such as working conditions, performance management, disciplinary procedures and absence management. 
    • Process payroll and maintain employee records.
    • Analyse training needs for employees with departmental managers and develop training programs to improve staff performance
    • Handling employee concerns, including handling difficult situations such as sexual harassment or discrimination in the workplace. 
    • Collaborate with other departments involved in policy areas such as staff performance and health and safety.

Functional Areas of Human Resource Management

Recruitment and staffing

Scouting and hiring of candidates are the major functions of the HR department. HR managers touch every part of the recruitment process, which includes reviewing resumes, conducting preliminary interviews, and processing offer letters.

Training and development

Human Resource organizes training programs to help employees excel in their daily tasks. They will also oversee employees’ performance, manager’s feedback and the results to determine if more training is required. 

Compensation and benefits

Staff compensation and benefits could save a company from losing talented employees to competitors. Human Resource is responsible for creating competitive benefits such as health insurance, retirement accounts, sick leave, family leave and much more. They will have to negotiate to ensure their employees are satisfied and motivated to work in their company. 

Human resources compliance

Compliance with laws of labour and employment is the most crucial Human Resource function. Human Resource professionals are responsible for creating policies and procedure as well as keep updated on all the relevant labour and employment laws constituted by the federal or state government. 

Employee relations

The Human Resource department will work on improving the relationship between employer and employee by measuring employee job satisfaction, employee contribution to the growth of the company, and also generate solutions to resolve workplace conflict. 

Risk management

The Human Resource department is required to ensure that the workplace is safe and employees are aware of the health and safety protocol. In cases of injuries of staff during operation, the Human Resource manages the worker’s compensation claims, investigates the incident and recommends necessary amendments in the safety procedures.

Skills Required for Human Resources

Communication skills

The role of Human Resource is dealing with people. Therefore, they will need to be clear and informative while communicating with people through phone calls, e-mails, and conducting interviews with candidates. They are also required to have excellent writing skills in drafting company policy to avoid miscommunication.

Adaptability skills

Adapting skills are necessary for Human Resource professionals to forecast the need for changes to improve the work environment. The business industry is changing from time to time. Thus, they will need to reconstruct their current company policies and also generate new policies that are relevant and effective.

Critical thinking

Critical thinking helps Human Resource to deal with a difficult situation from a rational point of view. Whether it involves resolving conflicts or issues between the employees, critical thinking helps them to put forward viewpoints and effective ideas to improve the work environment

Organizational skills

Human Resource employees are required to monitor various records and files related to each employee. They handle tons of paperwork of hiring, firing, and employee performance records. So, Human Resource employees must keep this information organized, safe, and accessible. They also need to keep sensitive information separated and only share it with people when it is necessary. 

Career Opportunities with a Human Resource Management Degree

Human Resources officer

A Human Resource officer ensures that the company hires the right candidates with the necessary skills and experience. They also make sure that employees get sufficient training and development opportunities to enhance their performance and achieve the company’s business objectives.

Recruiter

A recruiter scouts candidates who seem promising for a particular role and interview them further to determine if they are suitable for the position. They also use social media platforms to source candidates and screening applicants to decide if they’re the best fit for contributing to the organization’s goals.

Office manager

Office managers are responsible for administrative tasks in the organization. They monitor the schedules of meetings and planning upcoming office events., managing payroll and the office budget and organizing important employee documents.

Training and development officer

The role of the training and development officer is to train employees on their job responsibilities and educate them on the organization’s rules, structure and goals. They also come up with training materials to help trainees learn more about the organization and manage the schedule to train employees.

Academic Entry Requirements to study Human Resource Management in Malaysia

STPM Minimum Grade C or CGPA 2.00
A-Level Minimum grade CCC
UEC Grade B in 5 subjects 
Foundation/Matriculation Minimum CGPA 2.00
Diploma Minimum CGPA 2.00
International Baccalaureate (IB) A minimum score of 24 points 

*For further inquiries regarding the entry requirements, please feel free to contact Excel Education.


Enquire Now

Top Universities to Study Human Resource Management in Malaysia

#1 Asia Pacific University (APU)

Image credit: APU University 

Students will have the option to partake in the APU-DMU Dual Degree scheme. Students will receive dual degree certificates and transcripts upon graduation from De Montfort University (DMU), UK.

Program BA (HONS) Human Resource Management
Intake (2021) March, May & September
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 87,000

International: RM 88,200


Enquire Now

#2 Curtin University, Malaysia

Image credit: Curtin University

This programme allows students to cover topics such as staff selection, promotion, learning and development, and remuneration. This helps students to engage a highly committed and capable workforce to operate in the global business world.

Program Bachelor of Commerce (Human Resources Management and Management)
Intake (2021) February & July
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 67,200

International: RM 99,384


Enquire Now

#3
HELP University

Image credit: HELP University

This programme provides students with a comprehensive study of the three management functions that have become most critical in modern organisations: personnel management, industrial relations and organisational behaviour. Students will develop practical and conceptual skills which will allow them to work in all areas of human resource management.

Program Bachelor of Business (Human Resource Management) (Hons)
Intake (2021) January, March, May, August, October
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local & International RM 62,300


Enquire Now

#4 SEGI University

Image credit: SEGI University

This programme equips students with skills and knowledge in shaping an organisation by providing guidance for the employee who works in the organisation. This double degree programme is a collaboration between SEGi and the University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN), UK. 

Program Bachelor of Business Management (Hons) (Human Resource Management)
Intake (2021) February, May, June, September, October
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 60, 975

International: RM 73, 425


Enquire Now

#5 INTI University

Image credit: INTI University 

This programme offers Human Resource curriculum guidelines of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), providing a core understanding of all the aspects of people management in a Malaysian context.  Students will be equipped with the skills to strive as a line manager across various industries. 

Program Bachelor of Business (Hons) Human Resource Management
Intake (2021) January, June & August
Duration 3 years (Full time)
Indicative Fees (2021) Local: RM 68,800

International:  RM 82,500


Enquire Now

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Contact us to find out more!

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Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Fashion Degrees & Courses in Malaysia

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The fashion industry is a multibillion global sector involving the design, manufacture, production, promotion and retailing of all styles of clothing, from designer brands to affordable daily wear. The word “fashion” can be described as the style of clothing or accessories worn for a certain period of time by a group of people. Fashion may vary in terms of luxury designer fashions on fashion runways to mass-produced affordable sportswear and daily wear sold in malls and global markets. 

Fashion related degrees and courses will give students an understanding of the fashion business, from design concept to manufacturing, as well as the branding and marketing of the end product. If you believe that expressing yourself through fashion is your biggest motivation for creativity, then the fashion industry is the right career path for you. 

Types of Fashion Degrees & Courses

Fashion Design 

Fashion design course takes students from research, design and makes clothing through to final production. Students will be exposed to technical knowledge such as fabric technology, drawing, sewing and garment construction. This provides an integrated approach, combining creativity with applied technical proficiency.

Fashion designers create women’s, men’s and children’s apparel. They conduct research to understand the styles, colours and fabrics that will be popular for a particular season in the future. 

Fashion Accessories Design 

This course allows students to learn designing and making fashion accessories, products using various materials such as leather, metal, wood and resin.

A career with this degree will lead to developing fashion accessories on the market, including hats, scarves, jewellery and handbags. Designers will need to sketch and work with teams to develop prototypes and monitor the production of final products.

Textile Design 

Textile designers create multiple colourways of existing designs and arrange layouts in the CAD (computer-aided design) to come up with the best composition for that product. 

The textile design course emphasises textile development through traditional craft techniques and also digital processes. Students will also learn about types of fabrics, colours as well as engage in textile prototype testing in CAD software. 

Fashion Design Marketing & Retail Management

The course is designed to equip students with fashion branding and marketing skills. Students will study management principles of brands, finances, events and people across the fashion chain, from design and development to manufacturing and supply chain.

Graduates in this course will pursue their career in serving customers to purchase their preferred merchandise from the retail stores for consumers daily use. Client communication, merchandise shipment, sales, management and administrative services are part of the job scope as well. 

What is Fashion Week?

Video credit: Pavillion Kuala Lumpur

Fashion Week is a week-long event where the industry’s top designers across different countries present their upcoming collections in a series of runway shows and presentations. There are more than hundreds of Fashion Weeks taking place worldwide. Currently, there are four important fashion weeks, also known as the “Big 4”, which includes Paris Fashion Week, New-York Fashion Week, London Fashion Week and Milan Fashion Week.

Initially, fashion week was about presenting designers’ collections to fashion editors and potential buyers to promote or sell pieces for the next season. Over the years, designers are required to present their garments with visual displays of how it is created and the origin of its inspiration. Social media presence and live streams have made them accessible throughout the world.

Kuala Lumpur Fashion Week (KLFW)

Image credit: Diva-in-me

KLFW was initiated in 2013 and has been held every year. The event takes place for a week in Kuala Lumpur, where fashion professionals showcase their Ready-to-Wear collections, which can be marketable in a few months. Ready-to-wear is the primary focus of KLFW as it is to highlight the strengths and creativity of Malaysia’s Fashion Industry to local and international consumers.  Each year, organizers will select five brands to present their collections while featuring a mix of other exciting designers. 

Top Designers from Malaysia

Jimmy Choo

Image credit: Forbes

Jimmy Choo was born into a family of cobblers and he started fashion design early by working with shoes throughout his childhood. Upon his graduation from a London technical college, he handcrafted and sold his own designed shoes, which gained international attention. Many celebrity customers have helped him boost his popularity to worldwide fame for his detailed design of footwear.

Khoon Hooi

Image credit: Kingssleeve

Khoon Hooi honed his skills from various fashion competitions and was acknowledged as a runner-up for the Malaysian Young Designer Award and second runner-up for the ASEAN Young Designer Award in 1996. The following year he secured the grand prize at the Asian Young Designer Award in Japan.

Bernard Chandran

Image credit: wargabiz

His influence and talent have gained him numerous recognitions and accolades.  In 2007, he was conferred Dato by the Sultan of Pahang for his immense contribution to fashion design. The Sultan Abu Bakar Museum, an old palace turned Museum, even invited him to hold a solo exhibition in its prestigious halls.

Farah Khan

Image credit: Business of fashion

Farah Khan has climbed up her ways to the international fashion spotlight with her on-the-go designs, which were made for travelling. Continually dressing the hippest names of the modern era, Khan’s brand boasts hand-sewn beadwork of Asian heritage featured on modern evening wear for women.

Zang Toi

Image credit: Forbes

Zang’s work has been featured in top publications such as Vogue, Vanity Fair, Time, Newsweek, The New York Times, etc. He also dressed Hollywood celebrities such as Sharon Stone, Elizabeth Taylor, Farrah Fawcett and Fergie (Black Eyed Peas). He has also created luxurious wardrobes for philanthropists and royalty.

Academic Entry Requirement for Fashion Degrees & Courses

Diploma Courses

SPM

A minimum of 3 credits including Bahasa Melayu 

O-level

3 credits in Art Subject

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Degree Courses 

STPM

A minimum CGPA of 2.00 with a credit in Bahasa Melayu

A-Levels

Minimum  grades of CCC

Foundation

A minimum CGPA of 2.00

Diploma

A minimum CGPA of 2.00

UEC

A minimum 3 subject Grade B

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 26 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities offering Fashion Degrees & Courses

#1 The One Academy

Image credit: The One Academy

The One Academy develops students with the creative element in Fashion Design and the practical or technical skills in Pattern Making. This program is based on the ESMOD syllabus from Paris, the first and oldest fashion design school in France and also one of the Top 50 fashion design schools in the world. 

Program

Diploma in Fashion Design & Pattern Making

Intake (2021)

March and September

Duration

3 Years

Indicative fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#2 Taylor’s University

Image credit: Taylor’s University

The fashion design technology degree is designed, where the course is combined with a standard design and sewing curriculum injected with technological components in both the learning experience and module contents.

Program

Bachelor in Fashion Design Technology (Hons)

Intake (2021)

March & August

Duration

3 Years

Indicative fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#3 Raffles University & College

Image credit: Raffles University

Since its establishment, Raffles UC has expanded to operate 18 colleges and universities in 19 cities across 11 countries, including Italy. Flexible inter-school transfer scheme allows students to indulge themselves in different cultures and experience living abroad by enrolling in any of Raffles’ network of colleges and universities. Fashion Design students will also have the opportunity to participate in London Fashion Week. 

Program (Diploma) 

  • Diploma in Fashion Design
  • Diploma in Jewellery Design 
  • Diploma in Fashion Marketing
  • Diploma in Retail Management
  • Diploma in Fashion Accessories Design

Program (Degree) 

  • Bachelor of Fashion Design (Honours) 

Intake (2021)

January, May & September

Duration

Diploma: 2 Years

Degree: 3 Years 

Indicative fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#4 UCSI University

Image credit: UCSI University

The course is designed to nurture versatile Fashion Designers by equipping students with fundamental proficiency and design knowledge in the fashion frontier. UCSI University also provides opportunities for students to pursue degree courses in the UK upon completing 2 years of diploma studies as well as the opportunity to transfer to the UK for Bachelor degree students. 

Program

  • Diploma in Fashion Design

  • BA (Hons) Fashion Design With Marketing

Intake (2021)

January, May and September

Duration

Diploma: 2 Years 

Degree: 3 Years 

Indicative fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#5 Malaysia Institute of Arts

Textile and Fashion Design equips students with fashion and textile knowledge, marketing and practical skills. The program covers all aspects of fashion design from basic to advanced drafting, draping, construction and designing.

Program

Diploma in Textile & Fashion Design

Intake (2021)

January, April & August

Duration

3 Years 

Indicative fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

#6 LimKokWing University

Image credit: LimKokWing

Lim Kok Wing University enables students to be more creative, progressive, and able to evaluate and respond to fast-changing fashion trends. Fundamentals of fashion will equip students with the ability to engage in fashion merchandising, retailing and display using their individual skills and creativity.

Program

  • BA of Arts (Hons) in Fashion Design

  • BA of Arts (Hons) in Fashion & Retailing 

Intake (2021)

Feb, April, July & November 

Duration

3 Years

Indicative fees (2021)

Contact Excel Education

Contact us to find out more!

Call/ WhatsApp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Game Design vs Game Development – What are the differences?

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The gaming industry is arguably one of the most important and innovative sectors today. While video games started out with consoles connected to our TVs, the development of technology benefits the industry to expand onto multiple platforms including PC, smartphone and social media, making it accessible to people of all ages.

It is natural that students who love video games would prefer a career in the gaming sector. But students are often confused between game design and game development when it comes to deciding which undergraduate course to take. This article will clarify the differences between both courses, so that students may make a clear decision to pursue their preferred career. 

What is Game Design?

Source: Extra Credits

Game design is a part of the video game development field. Game design is all about generating ideas and concepts for games. The study of game design includes knowledge of creative writing and graphic design. Game designers are responsible for creating the initial framework of a game including game plots, characters, gameplay, rules, interfaces, storylines and environment settings. 

Careers with a Game Design Degree

Game System Designer

Game Systems Designer, you will design compelling game systems, mechanics and content and work with a team of engineers, artists, UX designers, producers and product managers to see their implementation

Game Animator

Game Animators produce repetitive images called frames, where it creates an illusion of movement when sequenced together. They tend to work in 2D, 3D model-making, stop-frame or computer-generated animation or even create hand-drawn pictures, models or puppets.

Concept Artist

Concept artists are responsible for creating images of people, creatures, props and location. They are required to provide sketches of the appearances of a character and details of environments within a tight time frame.

Academic Entry Requirements for Game Design Degree

STPM

Minimum grade C in at least 2 subjects

A-Levels

Minimum CCC (including Mathematics)

Foundation/Matriculation

Pass with min. CGPA 2.00 

UEC

Pass with minimum 5Bs

Diploma

Pass with min. CGPA 2.50 

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of  24 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities offering Game Design Degree

#1 Taylor’s University

Program

Bachelor of Information Technology (Hons) Game Design

Intake (2021)

January, March & August

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 97, 506

International: RM 115, 735

#2 UCSI University

Source: UCSI University

Program

BA (Hons) Game Design

Intake (2021)

January, May and September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Local: RM 63, 580

International: RM 68, 415

#3 Management and Science University (MSU)

Program

Bachelor in Games Design and Animation (Hons)

Intake (2021)

Feb, Jul & Sep

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM40, 000 – RM45, 000

International: RM 85, 000 – RM 90, 000

What is Game Development?

Source: Thomas Brush

Game development is a creative art whereby a person or a team creates new games. Video game developers are more likely to convert ideas and objectives of the design team into an actual game.

The game development process includes concept generation, design, building, and testing. It requires programming language as developers write codes to determine how the computer will handle everything in the game, from the rules to the graphics.

Career Options with a Game Development Degree

There are many types of game developers involved in game development and each of them has a crucial part in the creation of a game. 

Artificial intelligence programmer (AI)

AI programmers develop the responsiveness for computer-controlled opponents and allies based on a player’s actions. AI enables computer characters to react realistically, and strategically to the player, especially in games that consist of difficulty setting. 

Graphics programmers

Graphics programmers work closely with artists to figure out how to incorporate the artwork into a game. They apply the knowledge of mathematics to develop sophisticated algorithms and produce 2D and 3D graphics. 

Network programmers

Network programmers write the code that enables gamers to connect with gamers across the world online. They also develop security measures to prevent cheating and allow players from different countries to compete against each other.

Academic Entry Requirement for Game Development Degree

STPM

Minimum grade C (CGPA 2.0) in any subject

A-Levels

Minimum score grade of CCC

Foundation/Matriculation

A minimum CGPA of 2.0

UEC

A minimum grade of B5 

Diploma

A minimum CGPA of 2.0

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities offering Game Development Degree

#1 Asia Pacific University (APU)

Program

BSc (Hons) in Computer Games Development

(Dual Degree Award with De Montfort University, UK)

Intake (2021)

March, May & September

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 87, 000

International: RM 88, 200 

#2 UOW KDU university

Program

Bachelor of Game Development (Hons)

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, July,  September & October

Duration

3 years

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM75, 105

International: RM83, 700

Differences between Game Design and Game Development

The main difference that separates these two departments is that game designers work on the concept of the game such as creating storyline or plots, gameplay on how players could interact with the game, and the type of characters who would fit into the plots. On the other hand, game development involves writing codes to turn the game designer’s vision into a playable product.

When it comes to deciding on which course to study, your interests play a vital role in the selection of your career. If you believe you are creative and have design talents to come up with storylines and character appearances that could attract gamers to the game, you may pursue a degree in game design. If coding is your primary interest, then you may choose game development and work on the graphics and user interface to enhance the gaming experience.

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Entrepreneurship Degree in Malaysia

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Entrepreneurship is a great way for financial freedom. However, a successful business required a lot of time, hard work and determination. Despite the risks and hardships, many entrepreneurs have started on this journey determined to build an empire for themselves as well as to fulfil the needs and demands of society. If you are a person who dreams big in making a profitable business by satisfying the needs of our society, but still unsure of how to start, then a degree in entrepreneurship can be helpful in guiding you to start a business and also sharpen your soft skills. 

What is Entrepreneurship?

Entrepreneurship is referred to as the concept or process of creating a business that solves major problems and fulfilling the needs of society. The process includes creating an innovative product that challenges the existing condition of how we live our lives on a daily basis. Entrepreneurs are the first ones to take a step forward to making the world a better place for everyone. 

An entrepreneur is an individual who creates a new business by taking risks in the pursuit of a new business, innovation, or other forms of enterprise. Successful entrepreneurs are rewarded with profits, fame, and growth opportunities. Entrepreneurs imagine the world differently and make extraordinary inventions that an average person would not imagine. For instance, Elon Musk sending people to Mars and Bill Gates and Steve Jobs making computers part of daily life. 

What is the main Difference between Entrepreneurship vs Startup?

The main difference that sets apart between entrepreneurs and start-up owners is their goals. 

An entrepreneur is an individual that looks for business opportunities and creates ways to make those businesses become profitable. Entrepreneurs always have a financial motive as their goals to succeed. They create business opportunities and business systems as well as utilize all the opportunities they get for financial freedom.

A start-up is a newly formed venture initiated by more than one entrepreneur to create business opportunities and make an impact in the market. Unlike entrepreneurs, startup owners measure success, not in terms of financial gain, but how they can make an impact on the world with their product or service. Their goal is to create a viable product for the people, hopes to change the world with it. Startup owners have a huge desire of proving to people that anything is possible.

Types of Entrepreneurs

Innovative Entrepreneur 

This type of entrepreneur introduces new ideas, products or production processes, discovers new markets and reorganises the company’s structure. They are willing to take risks because they enjoy the excitement of a challenge. 

Imitative Entrepreneur

Imitative entrepreneurs are those who literally copy the new inventions of innovative entrepreneurs. They imitate techniques and technology innovated by others. These entrepreneurs improve an existing product or production process and provide feedback on enhancing the use of better technology.

Fabian Entrepreneur

Fabian entrepreneurs are cautious and sceptical in bringing any approach to adopting or innovating new technologies in their enterprise. They adopt new technology only when they are convinced that failure to do so would result in heavy loss.

Drone Entrepreneur

Drone entrepreneurs are those who refuse to implement any changes in their enterprise. They prefer to do business in their own traditional methods of production and systems. Such people may even suffer huge losses but they are not willing to adopt changes in their existing business. 

Characteristics of an Entrepreneur

Confidence

Entrepreneurs believe in achieving their goals. That does not mean they do not have self-doubts, but they will overcome it. With confidence, they will have the ability to stay on track without any discouragement or difficulties. 

Optimism

Entrepreneurs are dreamers and always look at the bright side. They take challenges as opportunities to grow instead of problems that stop them from moving forward. It is difficult to succeed at anything if they don’t believe in positive outcomes.

Risk-taking

It is important for entrepreneurs to take risks in order to be successful. They do not take it lightly. They make plans for any uncertainties and make calculated decisions that are profitable for them and their business.

Vision

Entrepreneurs the bigger picture of what they wish to accomplish, which boosts their efforts to do more. Not only entrepreneurs, but it allows them to encourage others and motivate them to work towards the company’s success.

Passion

Entrepreneurs love what they do and they are extremely dedicated to the businesses they created. They are confident in themselves and their business, which makes them proactive with what they do. 

Is a degree in Entrepreneurship worth it?

The degree in entrepreneurship covers the major aspects of starting a business compared to business studies. This course helps students learn how to determine their goals throughout the course and learn strategies to accelerate the growth of those objectives. Having a degree in entrepreneurship can give students a core grasp of business skills such as developing business plans, developing a client base and learning how to come up with start-up capital. These skills will be crucial to your success in starting your own business, and other business degrees cannot give you the same vast knowledge.

Studying entrepreneurship degree gives students the opportunity to try out ideas and come up with solutions to problems without facing harsh consequences. This practice allows them to make more mistakes and learn as they grow. Thus, when it comes to making decisions in real-life, they will have that experience and confidence they built to help them to make the right move.

What students will study in Entrepreneurship degree

A degree in Entrepreneurship is a 3 years programme where students gain an in-depth understanding of entrepreneurship through business planning, financing, marketing, management and consulting. Students will get to explore every aspect of a business and develop innovative and creative thinking skills.

Subjects that will be taught in this programme include;

  • Introduction to economics
  • Principles of marketing
  • New venture creation
  • Business research methods
  • Entrepreneurship management
  • Financial decision making 
  • Start-up business management
  • Entrepreneurial behaviour

Career Opportunities with an Entrepreneurship degree

Many people who graduated with an entrepreneurship degree usually proceed in starting their own business. However, there are other career options that can be pursued for which an entrepreneurship degree can be fruitful such as the following;

Finance 

Graduates can be part of guiding people who want to invest and grow their finances. They assess their clients’ financial needs and make decisions on their behalf to help them meet financial goals. Job in finance can equip aspiring entrepreneurs with communication, problem-solving and financial management skills.

Management 

Graduates may work in developing and implementing various procedures to improve a company’s management and operations. They perform studies, collect data and introduce new ways of performing tasks to increase productivity within a workplace.

Sales 

Graduates can be responsible for overseeing sales teams and guide them to ensure the team meets their sales goals. They may assist in setting sales goals, analyze sales data and trends and delegate sales tasks.

Business consultancy

With an entrepreneurship degree, graduates can work in identifying and fix common business issues for business owners. They can provide constructive criticism and train employees and even help business owners make the necessary modifications to improve their organization. 

Academic Entry Requirement to study Entrepreneurship degree in Malaysia.

STPM

Minimum CGPA 2.00

A-Levels

A minimum grade of CCC

UEC

A minimum grade of 5Bs 

Foundation/Matriculation

Minimum CGPA score of 2.0

Diploma

Minimum CGPA score of 2.0

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 24 points or above

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to study Entrepreneurship degree in Malaysia

#1 Taylor’s University

Image credit: The Star

This programme is inspired by the Finnish Team Academy programme, Finland. This programme is an innovative, highly experiential and student-centred approach based on learning through project work, team support, coaching and enhancing personal competencies.

Program

Bachelor in Entrepreneurship (Team Entrepreneurship) (Honours)

Intake (2021)

January, March & August

Duration

3 years (Full Time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 84,050

International: RM 102,030

#2 UOW KDU Malaysia

Image credit: UOW KDU Malaysia

The School of Business in UOW KDU initiated its own Enterprise Centre and partnered with Malaysia Practice Enterprise Centre (MyPEC) for its business simulator program where students work in teams to run a business and solve its challenges in a virtual environment. This teaches students the various methods of facing different situations, taking calculated risks and learning from failures.

Program

Bachelor of Business (Hons) (Entrepreneurship)

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, July, September & October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local: RM 71,625

International: RM 80,100

#3 Curtin University Malaysia

Image credit: Curtin University 

Curtin University allows students to pursue their careers in the management of small and medium retail, export or sales enterprises. This course has a practical emphasis and is guided by a philosophy of teaching which focuses on interactivity, student participation and lifelong learning.

Program

Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting and Entrepreneurship)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Local: RM 22,400

International: RM 33,128

#4 Brickfields Asia College (BAC)

Image credit: Brickfields Asia College

This programme provides a comprehensive and integrated understanding of business in both contemporary and international aspects. Students will develop entrepreneurial and creative skills and learn to apply them to real-life situations. This programme also offers a Dual Award Degree Programme from De Montfort University, UK.

Program

BA (Hons) Business Entrepreneurship & Innovation

Intake (2021)

January, April, June & September

Duration

3 Years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

Local: RM 20,000

International: RM 25,000

#5 HELP University

Image credit: HELP University

The programme’s curriculum incorporates the traditional elements of management education with the study of content, skill, and other areas that relate to entrepreneurship. Students will develop a detailed understanding of the entrepreneurial process through a combination of academic and clinical experiences. 

Program

Bachelor of Business (Entrepreneurship) (Hons)

Intake (2021)

January, March, May, August, October

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Fees (2021)

Local & International: RM 62,300

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

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About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

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Cyber Security Degree & Courses in Australia

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What is Cyber Security?

Cyber Security is the practice of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attack. The key features of a strong security system consist of multiple layers of protection in a company’s computers, programs and networks. Firewalls, antivirus software, anti-spyware software and password management tools should all work together to outsmart innovative cyber criminals.

The principles of Cyber Security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA). Every element of a Cyber Security program should be designed to meet one or more of these principles.

Confidentiality – Ensure that private information is remained disclosed and can be accessible to individuals who require the information to fulfil their task

Integrity – This principle is designed to ensure that data can be trusted, accurate and that it has no unauthorized modifications of data. 

Availability – This principle ensures that the information is available to authorized users when it is needed and such access is not affected by system failure or cyber-attacks.

Video credit: Simplilearn

Importance of Cyber Security

In the era of digital globalization, the rise of internet use and technological advancement has also increased the vulnerability of cyber attacks if proper security systems are not installed.  Over the years, Cyber Security practice is becoming an important focus for governments and also organizations across the globe. Government, military, corporate, financial, and medical organizations possess sensitive data stored in computers and other devices, which are highly confidential and not intended for the public view. A small portion of the data breach could result in a disastrous effect on the company and also the country. 

Besides that, individuals also face many cyber threats as well. Identity theft is a global issue, where hackers steal an individual’s personal information and sell it for cash rewards. Hackers use various approaches to steal individual identity and demand ransom. Camera devices are vulnerable for hackers to invade individuals’ household privacy, which is also a major concern for our society. 

Types of Cyber Security

Application security

Application security uses software and hardware methods to prevent malicious threats that can enter during the development stage of an application. Antivirus programs, firewalls and encryption programs are examples of application security

Network Security

Network security is used to prevent unauthorized or malicious users from accessing data inside the network. Common examples of network security include extra logins and new passwords. 

Cloud Security

Cloud security is used by the majority of businesses moving in cloud computing as part of the IT solutions. Cloud security secures the usage of software-as-a-service (SaaS) applications and the users access privileges by preventing cloud accounts from unauthorized access. 

Internet Security

Internet security protects information that is found in browsers and also network security involving web-based applications. The protection is designed to alert malware as well as unwanted traffic. Examples of protections are firewalls, antimalware, and antispyware software.

Types of Cyber Security Threat

Phishing

Phishing attacks use fake communication such as text message or email to trick a victim in opening it and steal the victim data such as credit card numbers and login information. This results in identity theft, funds robbery, or unauthorized purchases for the victim.

Malware

Malware is a type of code that is made to affect a computer system without the users’ consent to gain access to personal information or to damage the device. Examples of malware include spyware, viruses and worms.

SQL Injection

Structured Query Language (SQL) injection employs malicious code to exploit backend databases to access undisclosed information. This may include numerous items including private customer details, user lists, or sensitive company data.

Denial of Service (DoS)

Denial of service (DoS) floods a targeted computer or network with information that triggers a crash, causing it to be inaccessible for users. DoS attacks often target web servers of organizations such as trade organizations, media companies, commerce, and banking.

Advanced Persistent Threat (APT)

Advanced persistent threat (APT) uses sophisticated hacking techniques in which an intruder accesses a network and remains anonymous for a prolonged period of time. APT attacks are initiated to steal data from organizations such as national defence, manufacturing and the financial industry.

What do you study in a Cyber Security Degree & Courses?

A Cyber Security degree helps students to gain practical and theoretical knowledge in this critical aspect of IT. Students will learn with the latest technologies to develop skills in programming and hacking and strengthen their understanding of security and privacy. A typical degree in Cyber Security takes 3-4 years to complete, including work placement to gain experience and prepare for the job market.

Common subjects offered for a Cyber Security degree are as follows.

  • Programming
  • Discrete Mathematics
  • System Security
  • Cyber Security Analytics
  • Digital Forensics
  • Secure Networking

Career Opportunities with a Cyber Security Degree

Cyber Safety specialist

Cyber Safety specialists provide security during the development stages of software systems, networks and data centres. They look for any opening of cyber attacks in both hardware and software, as well as responsible for building firewalls in network infrastructures. 

Data security analyst

Responsible for implementing and testing various security programs such as firewalls and data encryption technology to protect the company’s sensitive data. They also are updated to remove bugs and add new features.

Security analyst

Security analysts analyze security policies and procedures to identify flaws in the company’s security system. They also make the necessary precautions for potential flaws by assessing new firewall technology to protect your systems. 

Cyber intelligence

Cyber intelligence analysts work in network administration or network engineering to assist in countering the activities of hackers and developers of malicious software. They gather information on malware-related criminal activities and predict their future activities based on what they gathered.

General Entry Requirement for Cyber Security Degree in Australia

STPM

A minimum grade of B best 5 subjects 

A-Level

A minimum grade of BCC 

UEC

Average of B4 from the best 5 academic subjects.

ATAR

An average score of 75 or above

International Baccalaureate (IB)

Minimum of 28 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

English Requirement for Cyber Security Degree in Australia

IELTS

6.0 overall with 6.0 in each sub-bands

TOEFL

70 overall, Reading:18, Writing:18, Listening:17, Speaking:17

PTE

Overall Score of 64 and 60 in all sub-bands.

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to study Cyber Security degree in Australia

#1 University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Program

Bachelor of Computing Science (Honours) (Cyber Security and Privacy)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $44,832

#2 Edith Cowan University

Image credit: Edith Cowan University

Program

Bachelor of Science (Cyber Security)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,050

#3 Deakin University

Image credit: Deakin University

Program

Bachelor of Information Technology (Cyber Security)

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $34,400

#4 University of Wollongong (UOW)

Image credit: University of Wollongong

Program

Bachelor of Computer Science (Cyber Security)

Intake (2021)

February & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $16,920

#5 Western Sydney University

Program

Bachelor of Cyber Security and Behaviour

Intake (2021)

March & July

Duration

3 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $26,240

Contact us to find out more!

Student enquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +60182414802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

For more stories like this, join the Excel Education community on Facebook or follow us on Instagram

Need help with your uni application? Connect with us here

About the Author

Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion..

Sharing is caring :)