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如何在马来西亚成为一名律师

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怎么样才算是一名律师?

大部分人对律师的印象,就是代表客户在民事或刑事审判中为他们辩护并提供证据的一方。但更准确的来说,律师的工作涉及范围很广,他们也为顾客提供其在法律上保有的权益和义务,并根据当时的法律情况为客户提供最佳的处理方式供顾客参考。

除此之外,律师还需要对该法律问题作出研究以及准备一系列的法律文件(遗嘱、契约、合同、诉讼和上诉)– 他们拥有分析法律条规和裁决的能力。

律师这份行业被分成多个领域,同时律师本身有资格选择他们要专注的领域,具体取决于它是公法(public law)还是私法(private law): 

公法(public law)影响公众或国家的事件

  • 行政法规(Administrative law)
  • 宪法(Constitutional law)
  • 刑法(Criminal law)
  • 市政法(Municipal law)
  • 国际法(International law)

私法(private law)关乎个人、家庭、企业、和团体之间的权益以及义务

  • 合同法(Contract law)
  • 侵权法(Tort law)
  • 财产法(Property law)
  • 继承法(Succession law)
  • 家庭法(Family law)

如何在马来西亚成为一名律师?

正如大部分的律师和法学毕业生所说的,成为一名律师绝对不是条易走的路。以下为大纲

1. 达到SPM入学要求门槛

SPM入学要求:5Cs或以上

 

2. 报读受认证的大学预科课程(Pre-University)/Year 12 同等学历

对于想在马来西亚攻读法律学位的学生而言,最佳的大学预科课程选择包括已获得认可的 Foundation、STPM、A-Levels、IB 和 UEC。

 

3. 获得法律学位,并毕业于一间已受认证的大学

很重要的一点是,在获得法律学位时你需要查证该学位是否已获得马来西亚法律职业资格委员会(Legal Profession Qualifying Board Malaysia)或马来西亚律师协会(Malaysia Bar)的认证。倘若你未能从已受认证的课程毕业,你将被剥夺申请马来西亚律师考试的资格。

 

4. 完成马来西亚律师执业资格试(CLP)或英国进修律师专业培训课程(BPTC)

CLP也被称为马来西亚律师资格考试;每个考生都只有4次的考试机会。另一项选择则是BPTC(曾被称为BVC),其良好的声誉和就业前景也让它成为了多数马来西亚人的热门选项 — BPTC是欧洲的职业培训课程,因此法律系毕业生可以通过此课程在英格兰(England)和威尔士(Wales)等地被录取成为一名大律师,且也能在马来西亚以及其他英联邦国家(commonwealth countries)被录用为事务律师(solicitor)以及辩护律师(advocate)。

必须要通过其中一个,才能被称为大律师(Bar)。

 

备注:一些大学拥有CLP的豁免

 

5. 在一名正在执业的律师指导下通过培训实习 (Pupillage/Chambering)

这是一个为期九个月的实践培训课程。对于已获得CLP豁免的毕业生,可在完成学士学位后立即开始培训实习。在培训期间,你需要通过所有相关马来西亚律师考试(Malaysian Bar examinations)和法律援助计划(legal aid programs)。完成后,毕业生将被认可为完全合格的律师,并拥有独立执业的权利。

马来西亚法律学系的基本入学标准

入学要求

SPM

5 credits(包括英文)或以上

STPM

CGPA 2.67或以上

Foundation/Diploma in Law

CGPA 2.00或以上

A-Levels

在3个科目中获得D或以上

UEC

5Bs或以上

入学要求可能因不同大学而异。如想获取更多资讯或进一步查询入学要求,欢迎咨询。

英语要求

IELTS

6.0或以上

TOEFL

79或以上

MUET

Band 4或以上

英语要求可能因不同大学而异。如想获取更多资讯或进一步查询英语要求,欢迎咨询。

马来西亚顶尖法律系大学推荐

1. 泰莱大学(Taylor's University)

Source: Taylor’s University

学生们可以选择到泰莱学院完成3年的课程,并在毕业后获得完整的MQA认证学位;另一项选择则是到英国的合作大学完成学士学位(Bachelor of Laws, LLB)。

课程名称

Bachelor of Laws (LLB)

课程长度

3年

入学月份

1月,3月、8月

学费

欢迎咨询

2. 多媒体大学(Multimedia University, MMU)

Source: MMU

在2012年2月,马来西亚法律专业资格鉴定局(Legal Profession Qualifying Board of Malaysia, LPQB)宣布,自2009/2010年起入学的学生将豁免于马来西亚律师执业资格考试(CLP)。

课程名称

Bachelor of Laws (Hons.)

课程长度

4年

入学月份

7月

学费

欢迎咨询

3. 精英大学(HELP University & Colleges)

Source: HELP University

该法律系学士学位经过马来西亚法律专业资格鉴定局(Malaysian Legal Profession Qualifying Board of Malaysia)的认证。精英大学法律系学士学位的毕业生将获得攻读马来西亚律师执业资格试(CLP)的权利。

课程名称

Bachelor of Laws

课程长度

3年

入学月份

1月、5月、8月

学费

欢迎咨询

4. 马来西亚伍伦贡伯乐大学学院(UOW Malaysia KDU)

Source: UOW KDU Malaysia

此课程允许学生根据自身的情况来决定完成学位的进度(最多5年以及3次考试),学生也可以选择在不同的国家进行考试。

课程名称

Bachelor of Laws (Ll.B) (3+0) University of London Programmes

课程长度

3年

入学月份

1月、5月、9月

学费

欢迎咨询

5. 布里克菲尔德亚洲学院(Brickfields Asia College, BAC)

Source: BAC

学生可以选择到英国完成1+2(在 BAC 学习 1 年,在合作大学学习 2 年)或2+1(在 BAC 学习 2 年,在合作大学学习 1 年)的课程。达到要求的毕业生可直接攻读马来西亚律师执业资格考试(CLP)或到英国修读英国进修律师专业培训课程(BPTC),并在完成后作为入门级律师加入法律专业。

课程名称

LLB (Hons), University of London

课程长度

3年

入学月份

1月、4月、6月、9月

学费

欢迎咨询

6. 雷丁大学马来西亚分校(University of Reading, Malaysia)

Source: University of Reading Malaysia

英国雷丁大学所提供的LLB已获马来西亚法律专业资格鉴定局(Legal Profession Qualifying Board, LPQB)的认证,学生可拥有报考马来西亚律师执业资格考试(CLP)的权利。

课程名称

Bachelor of Laws, LLB

课程长度

3年

入学月份

7月、9月

学费

欢迎咨询

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此文章是由 How to become a Lawyer in Malaysia? 为原文而进行的翻译以及更新。翻译编辑的资料可在文章下方查询。

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作者简介(翻译编辑)

 

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I thank life for happening, thank every twist and turn, I believe that there is a reason for every single thing, a reason for every worry and concern. 

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Top 5 Universities to Study Multimedia Design in Malaysia (2020)

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What is a Multimedia Design?

Multimedia design is a study of the use of various forms of design, such as graphics, video, or audio to produce creative content for different media, such as mobile apps, tv, newspaper, and many more. It involves the use of more than one presentation medium to communicate with the public. 

Throughout time, technology is evolving and so does the way we interact. That’s why the medium of interaction and design are also improving. The interactive elements used in multimedia may also include the user’s things like text entry, voice command, touch screen, mouse manipulation, and video capture.

What skills do you need to become a Multimedia Designer?

  • Creative Mind

Multimedia design study requires a creative mind that can explore ideas through text and image. A multimedia designer also needs problem-solving skills to generate solutions for their clients through creative means. Having to come up with new ideas and innovative designs was never an easy thing to do, so having a visual eye is essential in multimedia design. 

  • Adapt to New Technology

Technology has now played a big role in design, and always evolving throughout time. Being a multimedia design student means you have to familiarise yourself with various forms of technologies and software. Getting used to software such as Adobe, InDesign, and Photoshop can be the first step.

  • Communication Skills

As a multimedia designer, you have to articulate your ideas to your colleagues, partners, and clients. It requires a good communication skills to be able to deliver their opinions/ideas properly and with modesty. Multimedia designers are also expected to listen to their client’s needs and convey a satisfying solution.

  • Typography

Multimedia design is not just the ability to make something visually appealing, but also the capability to make a written language legible and amusing. Therefore, typography is an essential skill that is needed for multimedia designers. They need to be familiar with types of fonts and have knowledge of the best style guide that is suitable for certain designs.

Career options for Multimedia Design:

  • Multimedia Designer
  • Art Directors
  • Graphic Designer
  • Web Designer
  • Animator
  • UI/UX Designer
  • Game artist/designer
  • Video Editor
  • 3d illustrator
  • Videographer

General Qualifications

Program

Requirements*

Bachelor’s Degree (3 years)

  • Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM) /A-Level: A pass with 2 principals passes with minimum CGPA 2.0 or;

  • SPM (Sijil Pelajajaran Malaysia)/O-Level: Minimum 5 credits, or;

  • UEC (Unified Examination Certificate): Minimum 3 credits, or;

  • Foundation: Minimum CGPA 2.0, or;

  • Diploma: Minimum CGPA 2.5

*requirements may vary among universities

Recommended Universities

1. Asia Pacific University (APU)

General Intake: May and November

Campus Location: Kuala Lumpur

Qualification(s):

  • Diploma of Design and Media (2+ years)
  • Bachelor of Multimedia Technology (3 years)

Indicative Fee (2020):

  1. Diploma of Design and Media
  • Local: RM 39,600
  • International: RM 46,000
  1. Bachelor of Multimedia Technology
  • Local: RM 85,800
  • International: RM 86,400

2. Limkokwing University

General Intake: January

Campus Location: Cyberjaya, Selangor

Qualification(s): Bachelor of Art (Hons) in Creative Multimedia

Indicative Fee (2020):

Local: RM 22,000/year

3. UCSI University

General Intake: January, May, September

Campus Location: Kuala Lumpur

Qualification(s): Bachelor of Multimedia Design

Indicative fee for 3 years (2020):

  • Local: RM 63,280 
  • International: RM 68,070

 

4. SEGi University

General Intake: January, April, June, September

Campus Location: Damansara

Qualification(s): 

  • Diploma in Multimedia Design (3 years)
  • BA (Hons) Multimedia Design (3 years)

Indicative fee (2020):

  1. Diploma in Multimedia Design
  • General Fees: RM 43,025
  1. BA(Hons) Multimedia Design
  • General Fees: RM 61,100

5. Multimedia University (MMU)

mmu

Campus Location: Melaka, Cyberjaya, and Johor

Qualification(s):

  • Foundation in Creative Media (1 year)
  • Bachelor of Multimedia (Hons) Media Art (3 years)
  • Bachelor of Multimedia (Hons) Advertising Design (3 years)

Indicative fee (2020):

  1. Foundation in Creative Media
  • Local: RM 13,200
  • International: RM 16,500
  1. Bachelor of Multimedia (Hons) Media Art
  • Local: RM 56,160
  • International: RM 23,400
  1. Bachelor of Multimedia (Hons) Advertising Design
  • Local: RM 56,160
  • International: RM 23,400

For more information about study and work in Australia, don’t hesitate to contact us. We’ll help you 100% and we provide best consultancy services for FREE!

Read also: Scholarships for SPM, UEC, and IGCSE Students in Malaysia 2020
Contact us to find out more!

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Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au

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Amanda Kaffah

I am a part-time content writer, a part-time Computer Science student, and a full-time dreamer. Likes to munch some food while doing some work or watching netflix.

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Top 5 Universities to Study Law in Malaysia 2020

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What is Law?

Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. The existence of law is important because it serves as a guideline in determining what behavior is accepted in society. Without it, there will be conflicts and clashes between social groups and communities. 

Being a lawyer is about representing clients or government agencies in criminal, civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. Lawyers are not limited to a single area, there are many existing practices and specialties that cover other niche areas of law.

Skills of a Lawyer

Logical Thinker

In court, you need to think rationally and reason consistent with facts and evidence to come to a conclusion. Thinking logically is about thinking in steps that involved gathering information, arranging them, and draw the final conclusion. As they said, emotion will cloud your judgement, therefore, you will also need to control your emotions despite stressful and dire situations.

Oral Communication

Language is one of the most fundamental tools of a legal professional. Sharpen up and master the language, a lawyer would need to communicate well in order to deliver a persuasive message without any misconceptions. Furthermore, a lawyer who possessed a keen listening skills are beneficial.

Research Skill

Being a lawyer is not an easy task, it involved countless research and study as preparation before presenting it in the court. Thus, a lawyer will need to research about legal concepts, case law, judicial opinions, statutes regulations, and information. They also must know the ability to review and assimilate large volumes of complex information efficiently and effectively.

Types of Law

Law can be divided into public law and private law. Depends on which area of law you are interested in, there is a wide range of law that are available for you.

A public law is about dealing with issues that affect the general public or states.
Type of Public Law Description
Administrative Law Laws that govern government agencies 
Constitutional Law Law that protect citizen’s right
Criminal Law Law that related to crime
Municipal Law Ordinances, regulations and by laws that govern a city or town
International Law Laws that oversee relations between nations
A private law is related to the rights and obligations of individuals, families, businesses and small groups and exist to assist citizens in disputes that involve private matters.
Type of Private Law Description
Contract Law Law that governs the rights and obligations of those involved in contracts
Tort Law Rights, obligations and remedies provided to someone who has been wronged by another individual
Property Law Law that governs forms of property ownership, transfer and tenant issues
Succession Law Law that governs the transfer of an estate between parties
Family Law Law that governs family-related and domestic-related issues

General Qualifications

In order to enter into Law courses, you will generally need:
Programmes Requirements
Foundation in Law (1-Year)
  • SPM/O-Level: Minimum of 5Cs, including Bahasa Malaysia and a B+ in English; or
  • Other equivalent qualification
Diploma in Law (3-Years)
  • SPM/O-Level: Minimum of 3Cs; or
  • Other equivalent qualification
Degree in Law (3-Years)
  • STPM: Minimum of 2Cs; or
  • A-Level: Minimum of 2Es; or
  • Austalian Matriculation: Minimum of ATAR 50; or
  • Foundation in Law, Arts or Science: Minimum CGPA of 2.00; or
  • Diploma: Minimum CGPA of 2.00; or
  • UEC: Minimum of 5Bs
You would also need to meet these requirements:
  • SPM/O-level: Minimum of 5Cs, including Bahasa Malaysia, and
  • MUET Band 4 or IELTS Band 6.0
Note: The information displayed above may vary between universities, colleges, and institutions.

CLP Malaysia Requirements

In some cases, if the Bachelor of Laws does not include the Certificate in Legal Practice (CLP), you will need to undertake the professional law exam to qualify as a lawyer in Malaysia. The profession law exam is conducted by the Legal Profession Qualifying Board of Malaysia.

In order to qualify for the Certificate in Legal Practice (CLP) exam, you need to meet the requirements listed below:

CLP ExamRequirements
Before the year of 2021
  • SPM: Minimum of 3Cs, and
  • A-Level: Minimum of 2Es; or
  • STPM: Minimum of 2Cs, and
  • A recognized 3-year Law Degree: Pass in 6 subjects and graduated within 6 years of initial registration with the university
After the year of 2021
    • SPM: Minimum of 5Cs, and
  • Recognized 3-Years Degree, and
  • STPM: Minimum of 2Cs; or
  • A-Level: Minimum of 2Es; or
  • UEC: Minimum of 2Bs; or
  • Foundation in Law, Arts or Science: Pass with CGPA 2.00

Career Options for Law

  • Solicitor
  • Academia
  • Researcher
  • Corporate Legal Advisor
  • Legal Writer
  • Journalist
  • Forensic Investigator
  • Criminal Investigator
  • Company Secretarial

1. Taylor's University

Campus: Subang Jaya, Selangor

Bachelor of Law
General Intake: March & August
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM101,400

Master of Law (International Business and Trade Law) (Mixed Mode)
General Intake: March, June, September & November
Indicative fee of 1.5-years (Full-time) (2019): RM47,250

Master of Law (Healthcare and Medical Law) (Mixed Mode)
General Intake: March, June, September & November
Indicative fee of 1.5-years (Full-time) (2019): RM47,250

Doctor of Philosophy (Law)
General Intake: March, June, August & November
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM42,300
Indicative fee of 4-years (Part-time) (2019): RM29,300

2. Multimedia University (MMU)

Campus: Bukit Beruang, Melaka

Foundation in Law
General Intake: March, June & October
Indicative fee of 1-year (Full-time) (2019): RM17,280

Bachelor of Law
General Intake: March, June & October
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM67,680

3. HELP University

Campus: Bukit Damansara, Kuala Lumpur

UK Degree Transfer Program (Law)
General Intake (Year-1): January, July & September
General Intake (Year-2): September
Indicative fee of 2-years (Full-time) (2019): Enquire Here

Bachelor of Law
General Intake: September
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM52,700

4. KDU University

Campus: Damansara Jaya, Selangor

Cambridge A-Level (Pre-Law) 
General Intake: January & July
Indicative fee of 1-years (Full-time) (2019): RM22,820

Bachelor of Law
General Intake: January, May & September
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM47,550

5. Brickfields Asia College (BAC)

Campus: Petaling Jaya, Selangor

Foundation in Law
General Intake: January, April, July & September
Indicative fee of 1-years (Full-time) (2019): RM17,900

LLB Degree (Hons)
General Intake: January, April, June & September
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM36,000

UK Degree Transfer Program (Law)
General Intake: January, April & September
Indicative fee of 2-years (Full-time) (2019): Enquire Here

Contact us to find out more
International Student enquiries:
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Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au
 

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About Post Author

Nicky Yap
I am a freelance commercial content writer and student of SEGI College studying Bachelor of Business with a major in Marketing. I love to travel and enjoy ‘Me’ time with a cup of coffee in a quiet cafe.

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Top 5 Universities to Study Accounting and Finance in Malaysia 2020

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Think you can handle calculation well enough? Here are some lists of the Top 5 Universities to study Accounting and Finance in Malaysia 2020. Truth be told, it is not a simple task to study accounting and finance courses in universities, you may find it to be stressful and frustrated during the process but in the end, you will realize that the effort is worth it.

What is Accounting and Finance?

Accounting and Finance is related to the concept of money, business and management that concentrated on information analysis about financial transactions of a business. The duty of an accountant is to compound and finalize the financial data into a complete financial statement that will be used by other parties such as stockholders, suppliers, banks, employees, government, agencies, and other stakeholders for business purpose. Accounting and finance shared similar concept, therefore, we’ll be listing the general courses and requirements down below as a general overview and guidance.

Did you know? The financial sector is considered as one of the profitable sectors in Malaysia (13% of the nation’s Gross Domestic Product). Over 7.8 million of accountants existed currently and the demand is going up rapidly. Choosing the right university is important equal to having the passion to study accounting and finance. While looking for the best university, all factors needed to put into consideration such as the reputation, facilities, location, pricing, experience, culture and the general environment.

What makes a good accountant?

Good analytical skill

A good accountant must possess the ability to gather data, analyze information, problem-solve, and make decisions. Transforming a pile of data into a sensible information is crucial as the knowledge gathered shows the overall financial health of a business. These useful knowledge allows the business to take further action and make wise decisions.

High level of numeracy

Numeracy is vital for individuals to develop logical thinking and reasoning strategies in their daily activities. In business, a small error on calculation is able to cause tremendous amount of damage to an organization. Therefore,  having high precision and speed in numeracy proven to be important for an accountant.

Management skills

No matter what your career field, management skills are crucial in propelling the company’s mission and vision which involve planning, decision-making, implementing, and time management. Even though not all people are born with leadership skills, some will be able to obtain it through experience and hardship.

General Qualifications

In order to enter into Accounting and Finance courses, you will generally need:

ProgrammesRequirements
Foundation
  • SPM/O-Level: Minimum 5Cs including Mathematics, Additional Mathematics and English
Diploma
  • SPM/O-Level: Minimum 3Cs including English and Mathematic; or
  • Certificate: Equivalent in relevant field
Bachelor’s Degree
  • SPM: Scored credit in Mathematics and passed English, and
  • STPM: Passed with a minimum of CGPA of 2.0, or
  • Foundation or Diploma: Above CGPA of 2.0
Master’s Degree
  • Bachelor’s Degree: Equivalent in relevant field

Note: The information displayed above may vary between universities, colleges, and institutions.

1. University of Nottingham

University of Nottingham Malaysia earns its best score in the academic reputation indicator, plus also scored an astounding score for its proportion of international students. University of Nottingham is located in Semenyih, Selangor.

Finance, Accounting and Management BSc (Hons)
General Intake: February and September
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM111,000

Professional Accountancy MSc
General Intake: February (Part-time), September (Full-time)
Indicative fee of 1-year (Full-time) (2019): RM49,500

2. Taylor’s Lakeside Campus

Taylor’s Lakeside Campus has a great reputation and achieved ‘Tier 6: Outstanding’ rating in the Discipline-Based Rating System, an excellent platform for students to learn and growth. It is located in Subang Jaya, Selangor.

Bachelor of Arts (Hons) Accounting & Finance
General Intake: March & August
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM99,900

3. Monash University

Monash University is known as one of the best universities that offers the finest facilities and equipment for newcomers. The university achieved 59th rank in the QS World Ranking 2018/2019 and located in Subang Jaya, Selangor.

Bachelor of Accounting
General Intake: February
Indicative fee of 3-years (Full-time) (2019): RM111,300

4. Multimedia University (MMU)

Multimedia University (MMU) founded in 1996. It is located in Melaka, Cyberjaya, it hosts 9 faculties and 19 research centres. Winning the Asia Pacific MSC IT & Telecommunication Award (APMITTA) in 2002.

Diploma in Finance
General Intake: Enquire Now
Indicative fee of 2-years (Full-time) (2019): RM21,600

Bachelor of Accounting
General Intake: Enquire Now
Indicative fee of 4-years (Full-time) (2019): RM66,240

5. INTI International University

INTI International University founded in 1986, successfully established additional campus in Subang, Kuala Lumpur, Penang, and Sabah. The University is located in Nilai, Negeri Sembilan.

Diploma in Accounting
General Intake: January, April, and August
Indicative fee of 2-years (Full-time) (2019): RM19,982

 

Bachelor of Accountancy
General Intake: January, May, and August
Indicative fee of 4-years (Full-time) (2019): RM49,260

Contact us to find out more

International Student enquiries:

Phone: +6018-241-4802

Email: info.my@exceleducation.com.au



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About Post Author

Nicky Yap
I am a freelance commercial content writer and student of SEGI College studying Bachelor of Business with a major in Marketing. I love to travel and enjoy ‘Me’ time with a cup of coffee in a quiet cafe.

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