Chemical Engineering

Women in STEM

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STEM is a curriculum that educates students in four academic disciplines- Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. The disciplines covered in STEM play a key role in the sustainable growth and stability of economies, and STEM innovators are essential to take on the digital future. 

Areas related to STEM have statistically and historically been deemed a boys-only club. According to UNESCO, less than 30% of researchers worldwide are women, and only 30% of female students choose STEM-related fields in higher education.

Source: UNESCO

Reasons Why a Significant Percentage of Gender Disparity Exist in STEM Fields

  • Socially appointed gender stereotypes/ gender expectations of what is regarded as a “woman’s work”
  • Discrminiation & hostility towards women in the male-majoirty workplaces
  • Not being taken seriously and contributions made by women constantly been overlooked and ignored
  • Isolation at work due to lack of female peers, mentors and role models
  • The pay gap that forces women to take up lower paying positions than their male counterparts in STEM fields

However, we are now seeing more and more women, unapologetically swimming against the tides of long standing biases and gender stereotypes, towards a more gender inclusive workforce in these previously male-dominated fields.

A Few Inspiring Malaysian Women in STEM Careers

1. Dr Lam Shu Jie

Image Via: The Telegraph

Dr Lam received international recognition for her discovery of a solution to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, commonly known as “superbugs” when she was only 25 years old. She was presented with the Outstanding Malaysian Chinese Award for her achievements in 2017. 

Dr Lam took her SPMs in Malaysia, before flying to Melbourne where she pursued her foundation and her Degree in Chemical Engineering. She later went on to obtain a PhD in Chemical Engineering as well. 

But Dr Lam’s continuous efforts could help find the solution to one of the most concerning health issues that befall humanity- the rise of superbugs.

2. Tan Hooi Ling

Image Credit: Generation T

Tan is a Malaysian “Internet Entrepreneur”, best known for co-founding the ride-hailing app Grab. Tan obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering at University of Bath, and later an MBA at Harvard University.

Tan and Grab co-founder Anthony Tan were inspired to create a safe app that would address concerns faced by female taxi passengers in Malaysia. In 2012, Grab was launched, known as MyTeksi back then. Fast forward to today, Grab now provides services such as food delivery, grocery and parcel delivery, digital payment services, and many more, apart from transportation services. 

As of 2019, Grab is worth over $2.3 billion, and offers its services in 8 countries, 351 cities and metropolitan areas.

3. Rupa Shanmugam

Image Credit: Hitz

Shanmugam did not let the fact that she was the only woman in school and later in the workplace slow her down when it came to chasing her career goals. She studied Electrical Engineering In Malaysia and worked for several Malaysian and Singaporean companies.

Today, she has established herself as a trailblazer for women in manufacturing, spearheading SoPark, a US based technology company. She is the president, the CEO and the majority owner of the 81-employee company. 

Shanmugan also takes the time to commit to women’s issues and is an advocate for young women following her path into manufacturing careers. 

4. Datuk Dr Mazlan Othman

Image Credit: Malaysia Tatler

Dr Othman became the first Malaysian to ever earn the title of Astrophysicist. During a period of time where Malaysia lacked developments in the fields of astrophysics and space explorations, Dr Othman stepped in to pioneer Malaysia’s participation in space exploration. She led Malaysia’s Angkasawan project that sent the country’s first astronaut to space. 

Apart from that, Dr Othman helped develop Malaysia’s National Universities curriculum in astrophysics, and put substantial effort to build and promote public awareness and understanding of astronomy and space related issues. 

She was the director of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs from 2007 to 2014. Dr Othman achieved notable firsts in her field and for her country, and has earned several honors and awards for her brilliance.

Reasons Why We Need More Girls & Women in STEM Fields

  • Women bring in new and fresh perspectives that increases business fluidity
  • Women bring in new talent and new creativity which increases bottom lines
  • Contributes to women’s social and financial standings within communities
  • Act as role models/ mentors that inspire a new generation of girls to challenge gender norms

How Do We Empower & Encourage Girls & Women to Take Up Roles in STEM Fields?

Encouraging girls to pursue their education in STEM fields is perhaps the most sustainable way to diversify the workforce. However, it will be a while before the impact of education reflects in the workforce. 

As for the immediate future, companies should evaluate their staff demographics, see the disparity that exists within their workforce and allow and encourage more women to apply. If there are staff members who wish to make the move to STEM related positions, they should be encouraged to do so as well. 

Strong, driven females are making their presence known, and holding their ground to bridge the gender disparity, but the pace is still extremely slow. To speed up the process, multiple institutions are offering scholarships, financial aid and support services to encourage women to take up careers in male-dominated fields.

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Best Universities to Study Chemical Engineering in Australia 2021

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What is Chemical Engineering?

In short, chemical engineering is a broad field that combines natural, environmental and life science in the production of chemical materials and products through chemical processes. This entails with designing chemical equipment, systems and processes to convert raw materials  into energy-efficient and usable products such as;

– Fuels

– Fertilizers

– Processed Food

– Polymers and Pharmaceuticals

– Beer and wine

– Paper

Besides that, Chemical engineers design and create products to meet customer demand by enforcing safety in health and safety, protecting the environment and also enhance their processes to ensure quality to consumers. 

Roles of Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineers are responsible for developing industrial processes and designing or modifying the process in plants and equipment. The processes are used to create products from oil and gas to food and drink. The roles include:

  • Testing new processes
  • Collecting data for improvements
  • Purchasing and installing equipment
  • Supervising plant operations
  • Investigating and troubleshooting process problems
  • Ensuring work safety conditions and compliance with health and safety legislation

Skills Required for Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineering requires much more than what students learn from their university. When it comes to work-life, chemical engineers need certain skills to excel in this industry apart from good grades. The following are the three key skills required.

Problem-solving skills

Chemical engineers are basically problem solvers. Everyone will look after them for solutions for any inconvenience spotted such as equipment malfunction. They possess the right amount of technical blueprint knowledge to solve all the problems involved with any equipment, and possibly their entire area of specialization.

Communication Skills

Since engineers are often departmental heads in the organization, they are required to have strong communication skills as chemical engineers work in teams to achieve goals and design solutions to a problem on the spot

Analytical Skills

A chemical engineer needs to be as analytical as possible. A sign of mediocrity and smugness will not be tolerated as the employer’s core departments could be your complete responsibility. Analytical skills required to be able to design solutions from a major problem to minor details.

Careers with a Chemical Engineering Degree

A degree in chemical engineering can open doors to a wide range of career opportunities in many fields. Common jobs chemical engineering graduates engaged in are:

Chemical Plant and System Operator

Ensure that all equipment used in chemical plants are working as per standards. Chemical engineers have to inspect, make tests and instruct personnel on handling them safely. The main responsibility is to improve plant quality, efficiency and safety.

Manufacturing Production Technician

Responsible for setting up equipment and ensuring all regulations and safety are met. During the manufacturing process, chemical engineers will run tests, monitor equipment and adjust equipment operations. 

Food Scientist

The job involves evaluating nutritional value, colour, flavour and texture of food. Chemical engineers will test food samples, produce new food products and make sure the end result meets the government’s standard. 

Environmental and Healthcare Engineer

Graduates will find positions in NGOs, an environmental consulting firm and waste management companies.

As a chemical engineer, you can secure jobs in areas related to the environment, waste treatment and minimizing the pollution.


Involved in the production of energy through natural resources such as oil and gas extraction as well as extraction from renewable or sustainable sources of energy including biofuels, hydro, wind and solar power

General Entry Requirement for Chemical Engineering degree in Australia (2021)


A minimum grade of 3Bs (includes English, Mathematics and one of Biology, Chemistry or Physics)


Grade range from BBC to AAA


A minimum of 5Bs or a score of 20 points

International Baccalaureate (IB)

A minimum score of 32 points


A minimum score of 85.00 points

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other entry requirements, contact Excel Education

English Requirement for Chemical Engineering degree in Australia (2021)


A minimum overall 6.5 and 6.0 in all sub-bands


Minimum overall 87, Listening: 19, Reading:19, Writing: 21 and speaking: 19


An overall score of 64 and 60 in all sub-bands

*The requirements may vary among universities, for inquiries on other English Language requirements, contact Excel Education.

Top 10 Universities to study chemical engineering in Australia (2021)

#1 Monash University

Video Credit: Monash University

Ranking 1st in chemical engineering courses in Australia by Qs World Ranking 2021, Monash University has pioneered this field. The university has constantly ranked in the top 100 and also a member of the prestigious Group of Eight. 


Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February & July 


4 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $46,000

#2 University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne ranks 32nd in the World’s Top Universities and 2nd in chemical engineering course. Its engineering graduate degrees are professionally accredited under EUR-ACE® and Washington Accord, which means its engineering degree is recognized in 20 other signatory countries. This allows students the flexibility to practice in countries other than Australia.


BSc Chemical System

Intake (2021)

March & July


3 Years (Full Time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $41,912-$45,944

#3 University of Queensland (UQ)

UQ consistently ranks in the world’s top universities, currently at 3rd in the chemical engineering course as of 2021. Students will gain insights and expertise of world-leading researchers and highly qualified academic staff. With practical projects, students will acquire the knowledge and skills needed to be prepared for the workforce right away. 


Bachelor of Engineering in Chemical Engineering

Intake (2021)

February & July 


4 years

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $44800 

#4 University of New-South Wales (UNSW)

Video Credit: About UNSW

Ranked 44th in QS Global World Ranking, students will build on the study of chemical and physical science and processes to create the types of products that will be ready for commercialisation in fields such as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, agricultural and food. Students will graduate with the skills needed to create products across many industries.


Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Chemical Product Engineering)

Intake (2021)

February & July 


4 years (full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $47,760

#5 University of Adelaide

The University of Adelaide allows students to come up with ways to control air pollution or turn saltwater into freshwater. Upon graduation, students might get the opportunity to work with beer brewers and produce a mass scale of the biodegradable version of plastic or move into tissue engineering.


Bachelor of Engineering (Honours)(Chemical)

Intake (2021)

March & July 


4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $44,500

#6 University of Sydney

Video Credit: University of Sydney

Currently ranked 4th in the world and 1st in Australia for graduate employability, University of Sydney has also consistently ranked in top 50 universities in the world. Students will explore the challenges faced by process industries including chemicals, mineral, energy, agriculture and food. At the end of the course, students will become an agent in the drive to create a sustainable society. 


Bachelor of Engineering  (Hons) Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Intake (2021)

March & August


4 years full time

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $50,000

#7 Curtin University

Video Credit: Curtin University

Established in 1966, Curtin University has grown to become a vibrant and collaborative setting where ideas, skills and cultures come together. Students will explore the theory and application of fluid flow, energy transfer and chemical reaction for the synthesis, design and optimization of general chemical processes. 


BEng (Hons) Chemical Engineering

Intake (2021)

February & July 


4 years (full-time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $35,700

#8 RMIT University

Video Credit: RMIT University

RMIT University is ranked in the top 150 universities in the world for chemical engineering and provides the opportunity for students to be a member of Engineers Australia and obtain a degree certificate recognised by all 18 countries that are signatories to the International Engineering Alliance. In addition, the chemical engineering degree is accredited by the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE).


Bachelor of Engineering (Chemical Engineering) (Honours)

Intake (2021)

January & July 


4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $39,360

#9 University of Western Australia (UWA)

Video Credit: UWA Eng & Math Sci

The Engineering program at UWA has been developed in consultation with industry to equip students with skills to excel in their career. The chemical engineering major is accredited by Engineers Australia. The course structure provides flexibility to sample diverse units to discover an area of focus for the Master Professional Engineering. 


BSc (Hons) Engineering Science

Intake (2021)

February & July


4 years  (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $40,100

#10 University of Newcastle (UoN)

Video Credit: Study Co

At UoN, it trains engineers capable of solving the greatest global challenges. As a chemical engineer, students’ knowledge and skills will lead them to be involved in a team developing insulation products that improve heating and cooling as well as work on biofuel production in remote communities.


Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Honours)

Intake (2021)

February & July


4 years (Full time)

Indicative Annual Fees (2021)

AUD $37,984

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Sasvin Ravi
I am a freelance content writer, writing on a weekly basis while discovering my true passion.

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Top 5 Universities to Study Engineering in the UK 2020

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engineeringuk article

Engineering courses no longer sound foreign to students worldwide. Despite being one of the most difficult courses, the majority of the students decided to pursue engineering because it continues to provide good salaries globally. Obtaining an engineering degree in the UK is beneficial not only from a financial perspective, but also from job opportunity and security standpoints. 

A lot of students find it amusing to study Engineering but most of them are confused with the different parts of engineering. Engineering is known to be a broad subject, hence students often face difficulties and struggle to identify the distinction. What’s more, it’s harder to choose the one that is most suitable for them. To resolve this, we encourage the students to find their passion and figure out which one sparks their interest the best. Passion keeps you motivated and driven along the journey of education. 

In conjunction with that, in this article we have broken down the courses for students to have a better picture of the difference.

What are the Engineering Courses to study?

Some other engineering courses include:

  • Biological engineering
  • Nano engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Satellite engineering

Why study Engineering in the UK?

Engineers are everlastingly in high demand internationally. A degree in engineering provides a wide range of career paths in developed and developing countries. When it comes to the skills, knowledge and practice, the complete preparation from the UK is the perfect choice for you.

Progressive Approach

The UK’s progressive approach to teaching is for the purpose of training your brain to think outside of the box. You will be consistently challenged to broaden your range of perspectives when solving problems along with the inspiring insights from industry voices to help shape your future plans.

Faster route and Universal Recognition

The UK’s engineering courses generally take a shorter duration than other overseas degrees. So you can move on to your career path faster, with a universal recognition qualification that will lead you to career paths in the world of engineering internationally.

Passion for Engineering

The majority of employers around the world have a good impression on UK engineering graduates, because the UK universities have been continuously producing graduates that are filled with a burning passion for engineering. For centuries, engineering has become very much a part of the British mindset.

What are the Education Pathways to Become an Engineer in the UK?

In the UK, you can choose a Bachelor of Engineering degree, BEng (3 years) or a Master of Engineering degree, MEng (4 years). Both the BEng and MEng degree routes teach similar modules during the first two years, providing the foundation knowledge you need to be an engineer. In year three you will study the specialisation that you’ve chosen. The 4th year of MEng is an additional year to further deepen your knowledge.

If you chose the BEng pathway, you can continue and study a master’s degree, MSc (1 year) in a related field. This is common among students who want to be a Chartered Engineer.

What are the General Entry Requirements to study Engineering in the UK?

IB score

32 points overall including 6,5,5 at Higher Level including Mathematics and a relevant Science subject 

STPM/ Matriculation/ 

A Level

BBB including Mathematics and at least one from Chemistry, Biology, Computer Science, Digital Technology, Geography, ICT (not Applied ICT), Physics, Software Systems Development, Technology and Design or Double Award Life & Health Sciences.


6.0 (no less than 5.5 in any component)

*The requirements may vary among universities, for enquiries on other Year 12 equivalent entry requirements, contact Excel Education.

Which are the Top Universities to study Engineering in the UK?

1. Queen's University, Belfast

Why Queen’s University Belfast?

  • Queen’s is a member of the Russell Group of 24 leading UK research-intensive institutions. 
  • Top 173 of the world’s universities.(QS World University Rankings 2020)
  • Over 93% of Queen’s graduates are in employment or further study 6 months after graduation (HESA Destination of Leavers from Higher Education Survey, 2014/15)

Program Duration 

3 years for Bachelor of Engineering 



Indicative Annual Fee 2020


2. De Montfort University

Why De Montfort University?

  • Most of the courses offer the opportunity to do a year-long placement in industry. 
  • Previous students have undertaken placements with companies such as Hewlett-Packard (HP), Airbus UK and BMW. 
  • Excellent facilities such as: Laboratories for thermo-fluids, solids and dynamics, an optics laboratory, power electronics and communications systems facilities, facilities for testing and modifying electronic circuits, and a new multidisciplinary energy laboratory

Program Duration

3 years for Bachelor of Engineering 



Indicative Annual Fee 2020


3. University of Hull

Why University of Hull?

  • First-hand study experience with professional and practising engineers to provide you the knowledge and skills for a promising career.
  • Up-to-date with latest trend of technologies to ensure you’ll receive expert teaching of the most advanced ideas and techniques

Program Duration

3 years for Bachelor of Engineering 



Indicative Annual Fee 2020


4. Loughborough University

Why Loughborough University?

  • Best Student Experience over the last 10 years (2007-17) (Times Higher Education Student Experience Survey)
  • Rated 5 stars plus for excellence (QS Stars)
  • Rated world class in a broad range of areas, with cutting edge facilities and internationally renowned research and teaching.

Program Duration

3 years for Bachelor of Engineering 



Indicative Annual Fee 2020


5. University of Aberdeen

Why University of Aberdeen?

  • Integrated Engineering School, containing award-winning staff and modern, well-equipped laboratories
  • Programmes reflect ‘systems engineering’ approach in modern industry
  • Philosophy of world-class teaching in an atmosphere of research

Program Duration

3 years for Bachelor of Engineering 



Indicative Annual Fee 2020


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I am an English undergraduate student who reads and listens to bands.

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Top Universities to study Engineering in Australia 2020

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Engineers are considered inventors, scientists, builders and great thinkers who make people’s lives safer and easier. Engineering can be a challenging field of study, however, it is similarly rewarding in terms of career options and financial returns. Engineering is a field where you combine science, technology, math and other areas of study to solve real-world problems. The combination of study areas allows you to be creative and analytical to help improve the state of the world. 

Benefits of Studying Engineering

1. Academic Excellence

Australia is a top choice for International students when it comes to Engineering. Australian Universities guarantee academic excellence and are highly ranked education providers in Australia and globally. As the qualifications are internationally recognized, it increases the chances for you to receive job opportunities from around the world.

2. Employment prospects

Studying in a reputed university in Australia will enable you to grow professionally and intellectually. Australia has a high demand for engineers, therefore, graduates or qualification holders from Australian universities have the chance to work in some of the top companies in Australia.

3. Migrate to Australia

Due to the constant need for engineers in various industries across Australia, those who have a degree in Engineering from Australia are encouraged to apply for migration visa or sponsorship. Many of the job titles related to the field of engineering are listed in Australia’s Skilled Occupation List. Therefore, this increases the chances of gaining Permanent Residency in Australia.

4. Contribution to Society

Engineers make beneficial contributions to society with their infrastructure and other inventions. It is no doubt that our society faces many challenges on a daily basis, however, engineers have made invaluable contributions to ensure the smooth functioning of our society and the well-being of everyone around us. Engineers have invented many designs from oil drills to medical equipment to building safety and transportation systems and much more. Whether you are a part of a small or big project you can take great pride in knowing that it’s going to help everyone around you in someway.

5. Diverse range of Engineering Disciplines

Engineering covers many specialization areas, therefore, you have the option of choosing from a variety of programs that you think is best suited to your skills and aspirations. Engineering disciplines typically cover : Mechanics – Construction of tools, machines, manufacturing facilities, Creation of Trains, Vehicles, Boats and Aircraft, Entertainment sector, Healthcare divisions, Defense and more.

If you are interested to know more about studying engineering and its application process, Please contact Excel Education.

Engineering Disciplines

The following are a few of the available Engineering disciplines among many. 

Chemical Engineering

This discipline is involved in the design of equipment and processes for various manufacturing plants as well as developing pollution control processes, manufacturing material and pharmaceutical material and plants.

Aerospace Engineering

Engineers in this field focus on areas such as vehicle design, aerodynamics, launching of missiles, satellites and the development of power units.

Civil Engineering

Engineers in this field deal with the designing, creating and maintaining physical and natural built environment such as roads, airports, pipelines, railways, buildings, bridges and more.

Mechanical Engineering

A broad discipline that applies principles of engineering the design, construction and maintenance of devices and sensors. They analyze their work using principles of motion, energy and force and more.

Electrical Engineering

This discipline deals with many components, devices and systems such as microchips to power station generators. It is focused purely on the design, application and designs that use electricity, electronics and electromagnetism.

Transport Engineering

Focuses on the application of technology to plan and construct functional designs for any mode of transportation.

Software Engineering

This discipline focuses on the design, development and maintenance of software. It overlaps with computer science and management science.

To know more about the above mentioned disciplines or other available disciplines, Please contact Excel Education.

Top Universities to study Engineering in Australia



Global Subject Ranking

Australian Subject Ranking 


Indicative Annual Fee 2020

University of New South Wales (UNSW)



February and July 

AUD$ 47,760

Monash University



February and July

AUD$ 46,000

University of Technology Sydney



February and July 

AUD$ 44,470

University of Adelaide



February and July 

AUD$ 42,000 – $43,000

Griffith University



February and July

AUD$ 35,500

Western Sydney University 

451 – 500


March and July 

AUD $33,000

Edith Cowan University

Not available

Not available

February and July

AUD$ 30,200

If you are interested to know more about studying Engineering in the above mentioned universities and its application processes, Please contact Excel Education. 

If your interest lies in studying in Australia, take a look at the following articles : 

Did you find this helpful? If so Give us some Feedback! We are always finding news ways to improve. If you want to know more or ask us a question, please feel free to contact us any time!

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Yellani Rasaputhra
I am a student from Monash University, Malaysia. Currently studying Bachelor of Business and Commerce majoring in International Business and Marketing. I like to spend my time painting and swimming.

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6 Different Types of Engineering Jobs

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When its comes to choosing engineering courses, it’s hard to pinpoint which courses you are good at. Most graduates often struggle in choosing engineering courses provided by variety of universities. Although engineering jobs are more than just 6 types but in this article, we will be providing an overview on the six types of common engineering jobs, with a brief explanation on the duty for each type of engineers.

If you decide to study engineering courses, the very first challenge you will need to overcome is science and math, engineers figure out how things work and find practical uses for scientific discoveries. Engineers will need to be proficient in a variety of skills including design, implement, evaluate, and control. In some cases, engineers will also need to troubleshoot, conduct failure analysis and correct it.

1. Civil Engineering

Civil engineering jobs are considered as the most popular, oldest, and ancient in the engineering industry. Engineers are concerned with all types of structures including dams, bridges, pipelines, roads, towers and buildings. A civil engineer consultant is accountable for communicating the plan between the customer and contracting technicians. Contracting technicians take the consulting engineer’s plans and start physical project development.

Salary for entry-level: RM1,900-RM3,300

2. Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers are involved in the design and construction of machines. The area of mechanical engineering covers other elements such as transportation, robotics, drones, colling and heating systems. Mechanical engineers who work in the manufacturing firms are needed to determine and measure the strengths and temperature of environment to be encountered by the product, skillfully craft components that is functional, aesthetics and durable to ensure the success of operation without failure.

Salary for entry-level: RM1,900-RM2,900

3. Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering are associated with chemical with knowledge such as physics and microbiology. Chemical engineers are involved in production, pharmaceutical, healthcare, design and construction, food processing, specialty chemicals, polymers, biotechnology and environmental health and safety sectors. The distinction between chemical engineers and other kinds of engineers is that they apply their understanding of chemistry into it.

Salary for entry-level: RM1,700-RM2,600

4. Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering guarantees that energy remains a main element of the functioning of society and the daily lives of people. Petroleum engineers are solving major problems contributing to energy security and domestic prosperity. The understanding of physics, geology, chemistry, and math are essential in the field of petroleum engineering. Petroleum engineering is all about analytical optimization of the production of oil.

Salary for entry-level: RM2,300-RM3,300

5. Electrical Engineering

If you are interested in electronics, this is the ideal field for people to explore. This sector often deals with electrical-powered technology interconnectivity. It includes employment that helped build telegraph, telephone, radio, television, and electronics infrastructure. As the modern field of electrical engineering becoming more complex, the electrical engineering is categorised into different types of sections or jobs based on their own expertise.

Salary for entry-level: RM2,500-RM3,500

6. Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace and avionics engineering jobs are an industry that uses engineers responsible for air transport design and structure, such as aircraft or spacecraft, and the aircraft’s inner structure. It dealt with the mathematics and physics of airplanes. Aerospace engineers are liable for the craft’s own structure, while Avionics technicians are liable for the craft’s inner electronics. However, the field now encompasses space travel.

Salary for entry-level: RM2,500-RM3,300

Interested in studying Civil Engineering? Check out more in Top 5 Universities to study Civil Engineering (Hons) Degree in Malaysia.

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Phone: +6018-241-4802

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Nicky Yap
I am a freelance commercial content writer and student of SEGI College studying Bachelor of Business with a major in Marketing. I love to travel and enjoy ‘Me’ time with a cup of coffee in a quiet cafe.

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Which Engineering Degree is Better: Chemical or Petroleum Engineering?

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Which engineering degree is better: chemical or petroleum engineering?

For reader who’s landed on this page were surely having trouble in differentiating between the two-engineering degree. While choosing the right engineering degree or university to study may have a major impact on your career pathway. Although both are engineering related jobs or course, the differences are much greater than the similarities. For example, chemical engineering covers a broad area including biomedicine, food, electronics, and the environment. One graduate with chemical engineering could work in many industries. Whereas, petroleum engineering is more direct, which deals primarily with the extraction of oil and gas. Therefore, a petroleum engineering graduate will be more likely to venture into the oil and gas industry. This also indicates that both degrees offer different syllabus.

Chemical Engineer

A Chemical Engineer can work in various industries that use material substances. This is because, they solve problems by applying chemistry, biology, physics and math on the production or use of chemicals and other materials. Moreover, they also troubleshoot problems with the manufacturing line and develop new method of production or design equipment for large-scale manufacturing. Besides that, a chemical engineer will need to plan and test production method to ensure a safe procedure for those working with hazardous chemicals before launching the operations.

Chemical Engineer Day To Day Duties:

  • Develop new and improved manufacturing processes
  • Establish safety procedures for those working with dangerous chemicals
  • Develop separation process for liquids and gases components, or for generating electrical current
  • Design the layout of equipment
  • Analyse production performance
  • Manufacturing processes troubleshooting
  • Ensure equipment or production are compliance with safety and environmental regulations
  • Estimate production cost for management

The Working Environment of Chemical Engineer

Chemical Engineers work mostly in offices and laboratories. Nearly all chemical engineers work full time as they are required to spend time at industrial plants, refineries, and other locations to monitor, direct operations or solve onsite problems.

Career Path for Chemical Engineering Graduate

  • Chemical Engineer
  • Health and Safety Engineer
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Chemists and Materials Scientists
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Process Engineer
  • Cost Engineer

Chemical Engineering Salaries 

Employment of chemical engineers is estimated to grow 8% from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Demand for chemical engineers’ services depends largely on the grow of various manufacturing industries. The median annual wage for chemical engineers is RM 46,508. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount, and half earned less. The lowest 10% (per cent) earned about RM 23,000, and the highest 10% (per cent) earned more than RM 95,500.

Where To Study Chemical Engineering in Malaysia

The profession requires a minimum bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering, which is more commonly called chemical and biomolecular engineering. A professional engineer’s license may also enhance job prospects.

Universities CourseDuration Course fee
per year
Monash MalaysiaBA (Hons) Chemical Engineering4 yearsRM 45,700
Curtin MalaysiaBA (Hons) Chemical Engineering4 yearsRM 29,696
SEGI UniversityBA (Hons) Chemical Engineering4 yearsRM 20,238
Taylor’s UniversityBA (Hons) Chemical Engineering4 yearsRM 33,300
UCSI UniversityBA (Hons) Chemical Engineering4 yearsRM 19,403

The program listed are provided as a general guide only, the course fees were captured base on the publicly available information on the internet. Please consult with our education advisor for further assessment.

Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineers find more efficient and profitable ways to extract oil and gas from older wells. They develop new method or design new equipment to drill in oil and gas fields to test the wells. They often work with geoscientists and other earth science specialists to understand how geologic formation affects rocks that contain oil reserves.

Petroleum Engineers Day To Day Duties:

  • Discovering reservoirs and petroleum deposits
  • Study and examine the geological formation, nature of rock containing the reservoir (with the help of geologist)
  • Develop new method to drill in oil and gas fields
  • Design extraction equipment from onshore and offshore reserves deep underground
  • Develop ways to inject gases, water, steam or chemical into an oil reserve to force out more oil or gas
  • Ensure that oilfield equipment is properly installed, operated and maintained
  • Evaluate the production of wells through surveys, testing and analysis

The Working Environment of Petroleum Engineer

Petroleum engineers generally work at drilling and well sites or sometimes in the offices. Moreover, large oil and gas companies do set up operation around the world. Therefore, travelling overseas or within a country is required for site visit purposes or meeting with other engineers, oilfield workers, and customers.

Career Path for Petroleum Engineering Graduate

  • Petroleum geologist
  • Completion engineers
  • Drilling engineers
  • Production engineers
  • Reservoir engineers

Petroleum Engineer Job Outlook and Salaries

Employment of petroleum engineers is estimated to grow 15 % from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Oil prices will be a major determinant of employment growth. Higher prices can cause oil and gas companies to increase capital investment in new facilities and expand existing production operations, along with exploration. The median annual wage for petroleum engineers is RM 98,794. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount, and half earned less. The lowest 10% (per cent) earned about RM 31,122, and the highest 10% (per cent) earned more than RM 405,000.

Where to study Petroleum Engineering in Malaysia

A bachelor’s degree in petroleum engineering is sufficient for entry-level jobs. However, a master’s degree allows work as an instructor in some universities, or in research and development. Practical experience, such as from an internship or summer jobs, is also desirable for graduates.

Universities CourseDuration Course fee
per year
APU UniversityB.Eng (Hons) Oil and gas engineering4 yearsRM 23,750
Curtin MalaysiaB.Eng (Hons) Petroleum Engineering4 yearsRM 29,696
Heriot-Watt UniversityB.Eng (Hons) Petroleum Engineering4 yearsRM 43,280
MSc in Petroleum Engineering2 YearsRM 73,000
UCSI UniversityB.Eng (Hons) Petroleum Engineering4 yearsRM 19,793

The program listed are provided as a general guide only, the course fees were captured base on the publicly available information on the internet. Please consult with our education advisor for further assessment.

Differences Between Chemical & Petroleum Engineering

Degree TypePetroleum EngineeringChemical Engineering
Career Industry

Various Industries

Oil and gas Only
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Health and Safety Engineer
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Chemists and Materials Scientists
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Process Engineer
  • Cost Engineer
  • Petroleum geologist
  • Completion engineer
  • Drilling engineer
  • Production engineer
  • Reservoir engineer
Job Outlook8% growth15% growth
Median SalariesRM 46,508RM 98,794


Although both are high paying jobs, petroleum engineers could make on average RM 52,000 more each year than chemical engineering. In general, both branches are good, it only depends on what you want to do and most importantly what interest you the most.

Scholarship Opportunity

There are many scholarships, grants, and bursaries which can help support you financially with your studies in Malaysia. Some are offered by the Malaysia Government, education institutions, and a number of other public and private sectors. To know more: Click here Malaysia Scholarships list 2019.

Apply Now (Free Consultation)

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About Post Author
Glow Tham
Tham Jing An is a writer by day and a bedroom singer by night. He is still a full-time student pursuing his Bachelor (Honours) in Finance with the University of Hertfordshire, UK under INTI International College Kuala Lumpur campus.
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